Wednesday, April 18, 2012

April 18 in History

* 1025 – Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland.
* 1506 – The cornerstone of the current St. Peter's Basilica is laid.
* 1518 – Bona Sforza is crowned as queen consort of Poland.
* 1689 – Bostonians rise up in rebellion against Sir Edmund Andros.
* 1738 – Real Academia de la Historia ("Royal Academy of History") is founded in Madrid.
* 1775 – American Revolution: The British advancement by sea begins; Paul Revere and other riders warn the countryside of the troop movements.
* 1797 – The Battle of Neuwied – French victory against the Austrians.
* 1831 – The University of Alabama is founded.
* 1848 – American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.
* 1857 – "The Spirits Book" by Allan Kardec is published, marking the birth of Spiritualism in France.
* 1864 – Battle of Dybbøl: A Prussian-Austrian army defeats Denmark and gains control of Schleswig. Denmark surrenders the province in the following peace settlement.
* 1880 – An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
* 1881 – Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.
* 1897 – The Greco-Turkish War is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
* 1899 – The St. Andrew's Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria.
* 1902 – Quetzaltenango, the second largest city of Guatemala, is destroyed by an earthquake.
* 1906 – An earthquake and fire destroy much of San Francisco, California.
* 1909 – Joan of Arc is beatified in Rome.
* 1912 – The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City.
* 1915 – French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.
* 1923 – Yankee Stadium, "The House that Ruth Built", opens.
* 1924 – Simon & Schuster publishes the first crossword puzzle book.
* 1936 – The first Champions Day is celebrated in Detroit, Michigan.
* 1930 – BBC Radio announces that there is no news on that day.
* 1942 – World War II: The Doolittle Raid on Japan. Tokyo, Yokohama, Kobe and Nagoya are bombed.
* 1942 – Pierre Laval becomes Prime Minister of Vichy France.
* 1943 – World War II: Operation Vengeance, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto is killed when his aircraft is shot down by U.S. fighters over Bougainville Island.
* 1945 – Over 1,000 bombers attack the small island of Heligoland, Germany.
* 1946 – The International Court of Justice holds its inaugural meeting in The Hague, Netherlands.
* 1949 – The aircraft carrier USS United States is laid down at Newport News Drydock and Shipbuilding. However, construction is canceled five days later, resulting in the Revolt of the Admirals.
* 1954 – Gamal Abdal Nasser seizes power in Egypt.
* 1955 – 29 nations meet at Bandung, Indonesia, for the first Asian-African Conference.
* 1958 – A United States federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound be released from an insane asylum.
* 1961 – The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, a cornerstone of modern international relations, is adopted.
* 1961 – CONCP is founded in Casablanca as a united front of African movements opposing Portuguese colonial rule.
* 1974 – The Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto inaugurates Lahore dry port.
* 1980 – The Republic of Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) comes into being, with Canaan Banana as the country's first President. The Zimbabwe Dollar replaces the Rhodesian Dollar as the official currency.
* 1981 – The longest professional baseball game is begun in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. The game is suspended at 4:00 the next morning and finally completed on June 23.
* 1983 – A suicide bomber destroys the United States embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing 63 people.
* 1988 – The United States launches Operation Praying Mantis against Iranian naval forces in the largest naval battle since World War II.
* 1992 – General Abdul Rashid Dostum revolts against President Mohammad Najibullah of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan and allies with Ahmed Shah Massoud to capture Kabul.
* 1996 – In Lebanon, at least 106 civilians are killed when the Israel Defense Forces shell the UN compound at Quana where more than 800 civilians had taken refuge.
* 2007 – The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5-4 decision.
* 2007 – A series of bombings, two of them being suicides, occur in Baghdad, killing 198 and injuring 251.

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