Wednesday, February 22, 2012

February 22 in History

* 1371 – Robert II becomes King of Scotland, beginning the Stuart dynasty.
* 1495 – King Charles VIII of France enters Naples to claim the city's throne.
* 1632 – Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published.
* 1744 – War of the Austrian Succession: The Battle of Toulon begins.
* 1797 – The Last Invasion of Britain begins near Fishguard, Wales.
* 1819 – By the Adams-Onís Treaty, Spain sells Florida to the United States for five million U.S. dollars.
* 1847 – Mexican-American War: The Battle of Buena Vista – 5,000 American troops defeat 15,000 Mexicans.
* 1848 – The French Revolution of 1848, which would lead to the establishment of the French Second Republic, begins.
* 1853 – Washington University in St. Louis is founded as Eliot Seminary in St. Louis, Missouri.
* 1855 – The Pennsylvania State University is founded in State College, Pennsylvania (as the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania)
* 1856 – The Republican Party opens its first national meeting in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
* 1862 – Jefferson Davis is officially inaugurated for a six-year term as the President of the Confederate States of America in Richmond, Virginia. He was previously inaugurated as a provisional president on February 18, 1861.
* 1872 – The Prohibition Party holds its first national convention in Columbus, Ohio, nominating James Black as its presidential nominee.
* 1879 – In Utica, New York, Frank Woolworth opens the first of many of 5 and dime Woolworth stores.
* 1882 – The Serbian kingdom is refounded.
* 1889 – President Grover Cleveland signs a bill admitting North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana and Washington as U.S. states.
* 1904 – The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina, the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908.
* 1909 – The sixteen battleships of the Great White Fleet, led by Connecticut, return to the United States after a voyage around the world.
* 1915 – World War I: Germany institutes unrestricted submarine warfare.
* 1924 – U.S. President Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President to deliver a radio broadcast from the White House.
* 1942 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as the Japanese victory becomes inevitable.
* 1943 – World War II: Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany.
* 1944 – World War II: American aircraft mistakenly bomb the Dutch towns of Nijmegen, Arnhem, Enschede and Deventer, resulting in 800 dead in Nijmegen alone.
* 1948 – Communist revolution in Czechoslovakia.
* 1957 – Ngo Dinh Diem of South Vietnam survives a communist shooting assassination attempt in Ban Me Thuot.
* 1958 – Egypt and Syria join to form the United Arab Republic.
* 1959 – Lee Petty wins the first Daytona 500.
* 1972 – The Official Irish Republican Army detonates a car bomb at Aldershot barracks, killing seven and injuring nineteen others.
* 1973 – Cold War: Following President Richard Nixon's visit to the People's Republic of China, the two countries agree to establish liaison offices.
* 1974 – The Organisation of the Islamic Conference summit begins in Lahore, Pakistan. Thirty-seven countries attend and twenty-two heads of state and government participate. It also recognizes Bangladesh.
* 1974 – Samuel Byck tries and fails to assassinate U.S. President Richard Nixon.
* 1979 – Independence of Saint Lucia from the United Kingdom.
* 1980 – Miracle on Ice: In Lake Placid, New York, the United States hockey team defeats the Soviet Union hockey team 4-3.
* 1983 – The notorious Broadway flop Moose Murders opens and closes on the same night at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre.
* 1986 – Start of the People Power Revolution in the Philippines.
* 1994 – Aldrich Ames and his wife are charged by the United States Department of Justice with spying for the Soviet Union.
* 1995 – The Corona reconnaissance satellite program, in existence from 1959 to 1972, is declassified.
* 1997 – In Roslin, Scotland, scientists announce that an adult sheep named Dolly has been successfully cloned.
* 2002 – Angolan political and rebel leader Jonas Savimbi is killed in a military ambush.
* 2006 – At least six men stage Britain's biggest robbery, stealing £53m (about $92.5 million or 78€ million) from a Securitas depot in Tonbridge, Kent.
* 2011 – An earthquake measuring 6.3 in magnitude strikes Christchurch, New Zealand, killing 181 people.