* 904 – Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed antipope Christopher.
* 1676 – Feodor III becomes Tsar of Russia.
* 1814 – France defeats Russia and Prussia in the Battle of Brienne.
* 1819 – Stamford Raffles lands on the island of Singapore.
* 1834 – US President Andrew Jackson orders first use of federal soldiers to suppress a labor dispute.
* 1845 – "The Raven" is published in the New York Evening Mirror, the first publication with the name of the author, Edgar Allan Poe
* 1850 – Henry Clay introduces the Compromise of 1850 to the U.S. Congress.
* 1856 – Queen Victoria institutes the Victoria Cross.
* 1861 – Kansas is admitted as the 34th U.S. state.
* 1863 – Bear River Massacre.
* 1886 – Karl Benz patents the first successful gasoline-driven automobile.
* 1891 – Liliuokalani is proclaimed Queen of Hawaii, its last monarch.
* 1900 – The American League is organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania with 8 founding teams.
* 1916 – World War I: Paris is first bombed by German zeppelins.
* 1918 – Ukrainian-Soviet War: The Bolshevik Red Army, on its way to besiege Kiev, is met by a small group of military students at the Battle of Kruty.
* 1918 – Ukrainian-Soviet War: An armed uprising organized by the Bolsheviks in anticipation of the encroaching Red Army begins at the Kiev Arsenal, which will be put down six days later.
* 1936 – The first inductees into the Baseball Hall of Fame are announced.
* 1940 – Three trains on the Sakurajima Line, in Osaka, Japan, collide and explode while approaching Ajikawaguchi Station. 181 people are killed.
* 1943 – The first day of the Battle of Rennell Island, U.S. cruiser Chicago is torpedoed and heavily damaged by Japanese bombers.
* 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.
* 1944 – World War II: Approximately 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland.
* 1944 – In Bologna, Italy, the Anatomical Theatre of the Archiginnasio is destroyed in an air-raid.
* 1963 – The first inductees into the Pro Football Hall of Fame are announced.
* 1967 – The "ultimate high" of the hippie era, the Mantra-Rock Dance, takes place in San Francisco and features Janis Joplin, Grateful Dead, and Allen Ginsberg.
* 1979 – Brenda Spencer kills two people and wounds eight at the Grover Cleveland Elementary School shootings.
* 1985 – Final recording session of We Are The World, by the supergroup USA for Africa.
* 1989 – Hungary establishes diplomatic relations with South Korea, making it the first Eastern Bloc nation to do so
* 1991 – Gulf War: The Battle of Khafji, the first major ground engagement of the war, as well as its deadliest, begins.
* 1996 – President Jacques Chirac announces a "definitive end" to French nuclear weapons testing.
* 1996 – La Fenice, Venice's opera house, is destroyed by fire.
* 1998 – In Birmingham, Alabama, a bomb explodes at an abortion clinic, killing one and severely wounding another. Serial bomber Eric Robert Rudolph is suspected as the culprit.
* 2001 – Thousands of student protesters in Indonesia storm parliament and demand that President Abdurrahman Wahid resign due to alleged involvement in corruption scandals.
* 2002 – In his State of the Union Address, President George W. Bush describes "regimes that sponsor terror" as an Axis of Evil, in which he includes Iraq, Iran and North Korea.
* 2005 – The first direct commercial flights from mainland China (from Guangzhou) to Taiwan since 1949 arrived in Taipei. Shortly afterwards, a China Airlines flight lands in Beijing.