Sunday, January 22, 2012

January 22 Events

* 565 – Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus.
* 1506 – The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrives at the Vatican.
* 1521 – Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, opens the Diet of Worms.
* 1689 – The Convention Parliament convenes to determine if James II, the last Roman Catholic king of England, had vacated the throne when he fled to France in 1688.
* 1771 – Spain cedes Port Egmont in the Falkland Islands to the United Kingdom.
* 1824 – The Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast.
* 1849 – Second Anglo-Sikh War: The Siege of Multan ends after nine months when the last Sikh defenders of Multan, Punjab, surrender.
* 1863 – The January Uprising breaks out in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. The aim of the national movement is to regain Polish-Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth from occupation by Russia.
* 1877 – Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices.
* 1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Isandlwana – Zulu troops defeat British troops.
* 1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Rorke's Drift – 139 British soldiers successfully defend their garrison against an intense assault by four to five thousand Zulu warriors.
* 1889 – Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, D.C.
* 1890 – The United Mine Workers of America is founded in Columbus, Ohio.
* 1899 – Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation.
* 1901 – Edward VII is proclaimed King after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
* 1905 – Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.
* 1906 – SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.
* 1915 – Over 600 people are killed in Guadalajara, Mexico, when a train plunges off the tracks into a deep canyon.
* 1917 – World War I: President Woodrow Wilson of the still-neutral United States calls for "peace without victory" in Europe.
* 1919 – Act Zluky is signed, unifying the Ukrainian People's Republic and the West Ukrainian National Republic.
* 1924 – Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
* 1927 – First live radio commentary of a football match anywhere in the world, between Arsenal F.C. and Sheffield United at Highbury.
* 1941 – World War II: British and Commonwealth troops capture Tobruk from Italian forces during Operation Compass.
* 1944 – World War II: The Allies commence Operation Shingle, an assault on Anzio, Italy.
* 1946 – Iran: Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people's Republic of Mahabad at Chuwarchira Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He is the new president; Hadschi Baba Scheich is the prime minister.
* 1946 – Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.
* 1947 – KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood, California.
* 1957 – Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula.
* 1957 – The New York City "Mad Bomber", George P. Metesky, is arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut and is charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
* 1959 – Knox Mine Disaster: Water breaches the River Slope Mine near Pittston City, Pennsylvania in Port Griffith; 12 miners are killed.
* 1962 – The Organization of American States suspends Cuba's membership.
* 1963 – The Elysée treaty of cooperation between France and Germany is signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer.
* 1968 – Apollo 5 lifts off carrying the first Lunar module into space.
* 1968 – Operation Igloo White, a US electronic surveillance system to stop communist infiltration into South Vietnam begins installation.
* 1969 – A gunman attempts to assassinate Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev.
* 1970 – The Boeing 747, the world's first "jumbo jet", enters commercial service for launch customer Pan American Airways with its maiden voyage from John F Kennedy International Airport to London Heathrow Airport.
* 1971 – The Singapore Declaration, one of the two most important documents to the uncodified constitution of the Commonwealth of Nations, is issued.
* 1973 – The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decision in Roe v. Wade, legalizing elective abortion in all fifty states.
* 1973 – A chartered Boeing 707 explodes in flames upon landing at Kano Airport, Nigeria, killing 176.
* 1984 – The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, is introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with its famous "1984" television commercial.
* 1987 – Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself during a televised press conference, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism.
* 1987 – Philippine security forces open fire on a crowd of 10,000–15,000 demonstrators at Malacañang Palace, Manila, killing 13.
* 1990 – Robert Tappan Morris, Jr. is convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet Computer worm.
* 1991 – Gulf War: Three SCUDs and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks.
* 1992 – Rebel forces occupy Zaire's national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government's resignation.
* 1995 – Israeli-Palestinian conflict: Beit Lid massacre – In central Israel, near Netanya, two suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip blow themselves up at a military transit point killing 19 Israelis.
* 1999 – Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India.
* 2002 – Kmart becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
* 2006 – Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country's first indigenous president.
* 2007 – At least 88 people are killed when two car bombs explode in the Bab Al-Sharqi market in central Baghdad, Iraq.

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