Friday, January 13, 2012

January 13 Events

* 532 – Nika riots in Constantinople.
* 888 – Odo, Count of Paris becomes King of the Franks.
* 1328 – Edward III of England marries Philippa of Hainault, daughter of the Count of Hainault.
* 1435 – Sicut Dudum is promulgated by Pope Eugene IV about the enslaving of black natives in Canary Islands by Spanish natives.
* 1547 – Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey is sentenced to death.
* 1605 – The controversial play Eastward Hoe by Ben Jonson, George Chapman, and John Marston is performed, landing two of the authors in prison.
* 1607 – The Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain.
* 1733 – James Oglethorpe and 130 colonists arrive in Charleston, South Carolina.
* 1785 – John Walter publishes the first issue of the Daily Universal Register (later renamed The Times).
* 1797 – French Revolutionary Wars: A naval battle between a French ship of the line and two British frigates off the coast of Brittany ends with the French vessel running ashore, resulting in the death of over 900.
* 1815 – War of 1812: British troops capture Fort Peter in St. Marys, Georgia, the only battle of the war to take place in the state.
* 1822 – The design of the Greek flag is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
* 1830 – The Great fire of New Orleans, Louisiana begins.
* 1832 – President Andrew Jackson writes to Vice President Martin Van Buren expressing his opposition to South Carolina's defiance of federal authority in the Nullification Crisis.
* 1840 – The steamship Lexington burns and sinks four miles off the coast of Long Island with the loss of 139 lives.
* 1842 – Dr. William Brydon, an assistant surgeon in the British East India Company Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for being the sole survivor of an army of 4,500 men and 12,000 camp followers when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
* 1847 – The Treaty of Cahuenga ends the Mexican-American War in California.
* 1869 – National convention of black leaders meets in Washington D.C.
* 1893 – The Independent Labour Party of the United Kingdom holds its first meeting.
* 1893 – U.S. Marines land in Honolulu from the USS Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
* 1898 – Emile Zola's J'accuse exposes the Dreyfus affair.
* 1908 – The Rhoads Opera House fire in Boyertown, Pennsylvania kills 171 people.
* 1910 – The first public radio broadcast takes place; a live performance of the opera Cavalleria rusticana is sent out over the airwaves from the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City.
* 1913 – Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Incorporated was founded on the campus of Howard University.
* 1915 – An earthquake in Avezzano, Italy kills 29,800.
* 1934 – The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
* 1935 – A plebiscite in Saarland shows that 90.3% of those voting wish to join Nazi Germany.
* 1939 – The Black Friday bush fires burn 20,000 square kilometres of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people.
* 1942 – Henry Ford patents a plastic automobile, which is 30% lighter than a regular car.
* 1942 – World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.
* 1951 – First Indochina War: The Battle of Vinh Yen begins, which will end in a major victory for France.
* 1953 – Marshal Josip Broz Tito is chosen as President of Yugoslavia.
* 1953 – An article appears in Pravda accusing some of the most prestigious and prominent doctors, mostly Jews, in the Soviet Union of taking part in a vast plot to poison members of the top Soviet political and military leadership.
* 1958 – The Moroccan Liberation Army ambushes a Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.
* 1964 – Anti-Muslim riots break out in Calcutta – resulting in 100 deaths.
* 1964 – Karol Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II, is appointed archbishop of Krakow, Poland.
* 1966 – Robert C. Weaver becomes the first African American Cabinet member by being appointed United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
* 1968 – Johnny Cash performs live at Folsom Prison
* 1972 – Prime Minister Kofi Busia and President Edward Akufo-Addo of Ghana are ousted in a bloodless military coup by Colonel Ignatius Kutu Acheamphong.
* 1974 – Seraphim is elected Archbishop of Athens and All Greece.
* 1982 – Shortly after takeoff, Air Florida Flight 90, a Boeing 737 jet crashes into Washington, DC's 14th Street Bridge and falls into the Potomac River, killing 78 including four motorists.
* 1985 – A passenger train plunges into a ravine in Ethiopia, killing 428 in the worst railroad disaster in Africa.
* 1986 – A month-long violent struggle begins in Aden, South Yemen between supporters of Ali Nasir Muhammad and Abdul Fattah Ismail, resulting in thousands of casualties.
* 1990 – L. Douglas Wilder becomes the first elected African American governor as he takes office in Richmond, Virginia.
* 1991 – Soviet Union troops attack Lithuanian independence supporters in Vilnius, killing 14 people and wounding 1000.
* 1993 – Space Shuttle program: Endeavour heads for space for the third time as STS-54 launches from the Kennedy Space Center.
* 2001 – An earthquake hits El Salvador, killing more than 800.

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