Wednesday, January 11, 2012
January 11 Events
* 630 – Muhammad leads an army of 10,000 to conquer Mecca. * 1055 – Theodora is crowned Empress of the Byzantine Empire. * 1158 – Vladislav II becomes King of Bohemia. * 1569 – First recorded lottery in England. * 1571 – Austrian nobility is granted freedom of religion. * 1693 – Mt. Etna erupts in Sicily, Italy. A powerful earthquake destroys parts of Sicily and Malta. * 1759 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the first American life insurance company is incorporated. * 1779 – Ching-Thang Khomba is crowned King of Manipur. * 1787 – William Herschel discovers Titania and Oberon, two moons of Uranus. * 1794 – Robert Forsythe, a U.S. Marshal is killed in Augusta, Georgia when trying to serve court papers, the first US marshal to die while carrying out his duties. * 1805 – The Michigan Territory is created. * 1838 – Samuel Morse first successfully tests the electrical telegraph. * 1861 – Alabama secedes from the United States. * 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Arkansas Post – General John McClernand and Admiral David Dixon Porter capture the Arkansas River for the Union. * 1863 – American Civil War: CSS Alabama encountered and sank the USS Hatteras (1861) off Galveston Lighthouse in Texas. * 1879 – The Anglo-Zulu War begins. * 1908 – Grand Canyon National Monument is created. * 1917 – The Kingsland munitions factory explosion occurs as a result of sabotage. * 1919 – Romania annexes Transylvania. * 1922 – First use of insulin to treat diabetes in a human patient. * 1923 – Occupation of the Ruhr: Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany to make its World War I reparation payments. * 1927 – Louis B. Mayer, head of film studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), announced the creation of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences at a banquet in Los Angeles, California. * 1935 – Amelia Earhart is the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California. * 1942 – World War II: Japan declares war on the Netherlands and invades the Netherlands East Indies. * 1942 – World War II: The Japanese capture Kuala Lumpur. * 1943 – World War II: The United States and United Kingdom give up territorial rights in China. * 1943 – Italian-American Anarchist Carlo Tresca is assassinated in New York * 1946 – Enver Hoxha declares the People's Republic of Albania with himself as president. * 1949 – The first "networked" television broadcasts take place as KDKA-TV in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania goes on the air connecting the east coast and mid-west programming.  * 1949 – First recorded case of snowfall in Los Angeles, California. * 1957 – The African Convention is founded in Dakar. * 1960 – Henry Lee Lucas, once listed as America's most prolific serial killer, commits his first known murder. * 1962 – An avalanche on Huascaran in Peru causes 4,000 deaths. * 1964 – United States Surgeon General Dr. Luther Leonidas Terry, M.D., publishes a landmark report saying that smoking may be hazardous to health, sparking nation- and worldwide anti-smoking efforts. * 1972 – East Pakistan renames itself Bangladesh. * 1986 – The Gateway Bridge, Brisbane in Queensland, Australia is officially opened. * 1994 – The Irish Government announces the end of a 15-year broadcasting ban on the IRA and its political arm Sinn Féin. * 1996 – Space Shuttle program: STS-72 launches from the Kennedy Space Center marking the start of the 74th Space Shuttle mission and the 10th flight of Endeavour. * 1998 – Sidi-Hamed massacre takes place in Algeria, over 100 people are killed.