Tuesday, January 10, 2012
January 10 Events
* 49 BC – Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of civil war. * 69 – Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus is appointed by Galba to deputy Roman Emperor. * 236 – Pope Fabian succeeds Anterus as the twentieth pope of Rome. * 1072 – Robert Guiscard conquers Palermo. * 1475 – Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui. * 1645 – Archbishop William Laud is beheaded at the Tower of London. * 1776 – Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense. * 1806 – Dutch settlers in Cape Town surrender to the British. * 1810 – Napoleon Bonaparte divorces his first wife Joséphine. * 1861 – American Civil War: Florida secedes from the Union. * 1863 – The London Underground, the world's oldest underground railway, opens between London Paddington station and Farringdon station. * 1870 – John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil. * 1901 – The first great Texas oil gusher is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas. * 1916 – Erzurum Offensive during World War I, Russian victory over Ottoman Empire. * 1920 – The Treaty of Versailles takes effect, officially ending World War I. * 1922 – Arthur Griffith is elected President of the Irish Free State. * 1923 – Lithuania seizes and annexes Memel. * 1941 – World War II: The Greek army captures Kleisoura. * 1946 – The first General Assembly of the United Nations opens in London. Fifty-one nations are represented. * 1946 – The United States Army Signal Corps successfully conducts Project Diana, bouncing radio waves off the moon and receiving the reflected signals. * 1954 – BOAC Flight 781 A de Havilland DH.106 Comet 1 explodes into the Tyrrhenian Sea killing 35 people. * 1962 – Apollo program: NASA announces plans to build the C-5 rocket launch vehicle. It became better known as the Saturn V Moon rocket, which launched every Apollo Moon mission. * 1972 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman returns to the newly independent Bangladesh as president after spending over nine months in prison in Pakistan. * 1981 – Salvadoran Civil War: The FMLN launches its first major offensive, gaining control of most of Morazán and Chalatenango departments * 1984 – The United States and Vatican City establish full diplomatic relations after 117 years. * 1985 – Sandinista Daniel Ortega becomes president of Nicaragua and vows to continue the transformation to socialism and alliance with the Soviet Union and Cuba; American policy continues to support the Contras in their revolt against the Nicaraguan government. * 1990 – Time Warner is formed from the merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications. * 1999 – Sanjeev Nanda kills three policemen in New Delhi, India with his car, an act for which he was later acquitted, resulting in a sharp drop in public confidence in the Indian legal system. * 2003 – Illinois Governor George Ryan commutes the death sentences of 167 prisoners on Illinois' death row based on the Jon Burge scandal. * 2005 – A mudslide occurs in La Conchita, California, killing 10 people, injuring many more and closing U.S. Route 101, the main coastal corridor between San Francisco and Los Angeles, for 10 days. * 2011 – 2010–2011 Queensland floods: Torrential rain in the Lockyer Valley region of South East Queensland, Australia causes severe flash flooding, killing 9 people.