Wednesday, December 21, 2011

December 21 Events

1140 – Conrad III of Germany besieged Weinsberg.
1598 – Battle of Curalaba: The revolting Mapuche, led by cacique Pelentaru, inflict a major defeat on Spanish troops in southern Chile.
1620 – Plymouth Colony: William Bradford and the Mayflower Pilgrims land on what is now known as Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
1832 – Egyptian–Ottoman War: Egyptian forces decisively defeat Ottoman troops at the Battle of Konya.
1844 – The Rochdale Pioneers commence business at their cooperative in Rochdale, England, starting the Cooperative movement.
1861 – Medal of Honor: Public Resolution 82, containing a provision for a Navy Medal of Valor, is signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln.
1872 – Challenger expedition: HMS Challenger, commanded by Captain George Nares, sails from Portsmouth.
1879 – World première of Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House at the Royal Theatre in Copenhagen.
1883 – The first Permanent Force cavalry and infantry regiments of the Canadian Army are formed: The Royal Canadian Dragoons and The Royal Canadian Regiment.
1913 – Arthur Wynne's "word-cross", the first crossword puzzle, is published in the New York World.
1937 – Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the world's first full-length animated feature, premieres at the Carthay Circle Theater.
1941 – World War II: A formal treaty of alliance between Thailand and Japan is signed in the presence of the Emerald Buddha in Wat Phra Kaew.
1962 – Rondane National Park is established as Norway's first national park.
1967 – Louis Washkansky, the first man to undergo a heart transplant, dies in Cape Town, South Africa, after living for 18 days after the transplant.
1968 – Apollo program: Apollo 8 launched from the Kennedy Space Center, placing its crew on a lunar trajectory for the first visit to another celestial body by humans.
1969 – The Gay Activists Alliance is formed in New York City.
1969 – The United Nations adopts the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
1973 – The Geneva Conference on the Arab-Israeli conflict opens.
1979 – Lancaster House Agreement: An independence agreement for Rhodesia is signed in London by Lord Carrington, Sir Ian Gilmour, Robert Mugabe, Joshua Nkomo, Bishop Abel Muzorewa and S.C. Mundawarara.
1988 – A bomb explodes on board Pan Am flight 103 over Lockerbie, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, killing 270.
1992 – A Dutch DC-10, flight Martinair MP 495, crashes at Faro Airport, killing 56 people.
1994 – Mexican volcano Popocatepetl, dormant for 47 years, erupts gases and ash.
1995 – The city of Bethlehem passes from Israeli to Palestinian control.
1999 – The Spanish Civil Guard intercepts a van loaded with 950 kg of explosives that ETA intended to use to blow up Torre Picasso in Madrid.
2004 – Iraq War: A suicide bomber killed 22 at the forward operating base next to the main U.S. military airfield at Mosul, the single deadliest suicide attack on American soldiers.
2009 – Northwest Airlines Flight 253 was almost bombed by Al Qaida but the bomber was later apprehended. It is also known as the Christmas Day bombing attempt.

December 21 Birthdays

1118 – Thomas Becket, Lord Chancellor of England and Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1170)
1401 – Tommaso Masaccio, Italian painter (d. 1428)
1596 – Petro Mohyla, Moldovan religious figure (d. 1646)
1603 – Roger Williams, English theologian and colonist (d. 1684)
1682 – Calico Jack Rackham, English pirate (d. 1720)
1714 – John Bradstreet, Canadian-born soldier (d. 1774)
1778 – Anders Sandøe Ørsted, Danish politician (d. 1860)
1795 – Leopold von Ranke, German historian (d. 1886)
1795 – John Russell, English parson and dog breeder (d. 1883)
1804 – Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1881)
1805 – Thomas Graham, British chemist (d. 1869)
1811 – Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1882)
1815 – Thomas Couture French painter and teacher (d. 1879)
1818 – Amalia of Oldenburg, Queen of Greece (d. 1875)
1832 – John H. Ketcham, American politician (d. 1906)
1840 – Namık Kemal, Turkish nationalist poet (d. 1888)
1843 – Thomas Bracken, Irish-born New Zealand poet (d. 1898)
1850 – Zdeněk Fibich, Bohemian composer (d. 1900)
1850 – William Wallace Lincoln, son of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1862)
1851 – Thomas Chipman McRae, American politician (d. 1929)
1859 – Gustave Kahn, French poet (d. 1936)
1866 – Maud Gonne, Irish activist (d. 1953)
1872 – Sidney Ainsworth, British actor (d. 1922)
1872 – Don Lorenzo Perosi, Italian composer (d. 1956)
1872 – Albert Payson Terhune, American author (d. 1942)
1873 – Blagoje Bersa, Croatian composer (d. 1934)
1876 – Jack Lang, Australian politician (d. 1975)
1878 – Jan Łukasiewicz, Polish philosopher and mathematician (d. 1956)
1885 – Frank Patrick, Canadian hockey player (d. 1960)
1889 – Sewall Wright, American biologist (d. 1988)
1890 – Hermann Joseph Muller, American geneticist and Nobel laureate (d. 1967)
1891 – John William McCormack, American politician (d. 1980)
1892 – Amy Key Clarke, English mystical poet (d. 1980)
1892 – Walter Hagen, American golfer (d. 1969)
1892 – Rebecca West, British writer (d. 1983)
1896 – Leroy Robertson, American composer (d. 1971)
1905 – Anthony Powell, British author (d. 2000)
1908 – Herbert Hutner, American banker and attorney (d. 2008)
1909 – Seicho Matsumoto, Japanese mystery writer and journalist (d. 1992)
1911 – Josh Gibson, American baseball player (d. 1947)
1913 – Arnold Friberg, American illustrator (d. 2010)
1914 – Frank Fenner, Australian microbiologist (d. 2010)
1914 – Ivan Generalić, Austro-Hungarian-born Croatian painter (d. 1992)
1915 – Joe Mantell, American actor d.2010
1915 – Werner von Trapp, member of the Trapp Family Singers (d. 2007)
1917 – Heinrich Böll, German writer and Nobel laureate (d. 1985)
1917 – Sophie Masloff, American politician
1918 – Donald Regan, American civil servant (d. 2003)
1918 – Kurt Waldheim, Austrian politician and diplomat (d. 2007)
1920 – Alicia Alonso, Cuban ballerina
1920 – Bob Bindig, American cartoonist (d. 2006)
1920 – Jean Gascon, Canadian actor (d. 1988)
1921 – Robert Lipshutz, American attorney and counsel to the Carter Adminisrtation (d. 2010)
1921 – John Severin, American comics artist
1922 – Itubwa Amram, Nauruan pastor and politician (d. 1989)
1922 – Paul Winchell, American ventriloquist (d. 2005)
1923 – Intizar Hussain, Urdu writer and columnist
1924 – Rita Reys, Dutch jazzsinger
1926 – Arnošt Lustig, Czech author
1926 – Joe Paterno, American football coach
1928 – Ed Nelson, American actor
1932 – Edward Hoagland, American essayist
1935 – John G. Avildsen, American film director
1935 – Lorenzo Bandini, Italian racecar driver (d. 1967)
1935 – Yusuf Bey, American activist (d. 2003)
1935 – Phil Donahue, American talk show host
1935 – Edward Schreyer, Canadian politician, Premier of Manitoba
1937 – Jane Fonda, American actress
1937 – Donald F. Munson, American politician
1938 – Larry Bryggman, American actor
1938 – Frank Moorhouse, Australian author
1939 – Lloyd Axworthy, Canadian politician
1940 – Arvi Lind, Finnish news broadcaster
1940 – Ray Hildebrand, American singer (Paul & Paula)
1940 – Frank Zappa, American musician (d. 1993)
1942 – Hu Jintao, Chinese president
1942 – Reinhard Mey, German singer
1942 – Carla Thomas, American singer
1943 – André Arthur. Canadian radio host
1943 – Albert Lee, English guitarist
1943 – Jack Nance, American actor (d. 1996)
1944 – Bill Atkinson, English footballer
1944 – Michael Tilson Thomas, American conductor
1944 – Zheng Xiaoyu, Chinese bureaucrat (d. 2007)
1946 – Christopher Keene, American conductor (d. 1995)
1946 – Carl Wilson, American musician (The Beach Boys) (d. 1998)
1947 – Bryan Hamilton, Northern Irish footballer
1947 – Paco de Lucía, Spanish musician
1948 – Samuel L. Jackson, American actor
1948 – Dave Kingman, American baseball player
1948 – Willi Resetarits, Austrian musician
1949 – Thomas Sankara, Burkinabé military figure (d. 1987)
1949 – Nikolaos Sifounakis, Greek politician
1950 – Jeffrey Katzenberg, American film producer
1950 – Lillebjørn Nilsen, Norwegian singer-songwriter
1951 – Nick Gilder, English musician (Sweeney Todd)
1952 – Joaquín Andújar, Dominican baseball player
1953 – Betty Wright, American singer
1954 – Chris Evert, American tennis player
1955 – Jane Kaczmarek, American actress
1955 – Kazuyuki Sekiguchi, Japanese musician
1957 – Tom Henke, American baseball player
1957 – Ray Romano, Italian-American comedian
1959 – Florence Griffith Joyner, American sprinter (d. 1998)
1960 – Louis Demetrius Alvanis, British pianist
1960 – Roger McDowell, American baseball player
1960 – Andy Van Slyke, American baseball player
1961 – Francis Ng, Hong Kong actor
1961 – Ryuji Sasai, Japanese video game composer
1961 – Del Wilkes, American pro wrestler
1963 – Govinda Ahuja, Indian actor and politician
1964 – Rob Kelly, English football manager
1964 – Fabiana Udenio, Argentine actress
1964 – Joe Kocur, Canadian hockey player
1965 – Andy Dick, American actor and comedian
1965 – Anke Engelke, German comedian
1965 – Stuart Mitchell, Scottish Composer
1966 – Adam Schefter, American sports journalist
1966 – Kiefer Sutherland, British-born Canadian actor
1966 – Karri Turner, American actress
1967 – Ervin Johnson, American basketball player
1967 – Fritz Karl, Austrian actor
1967 – Terry Mills, American basketball player
1967 – Mikhail Saakashvili, Soviet-born President of Georgia
1969 – Julie Delpy, French actress
1969 – Jack Noseworthy, American actor
1969 – Mihails Zemļinskis, Latvian footballer
1971 – Matthieu Chedid, French musician
1971 – Fenton Keogh, Australian celebrity chef
1971 – Brett Scallions, American singer (Fuel)
1972 – Gloria De Piero, English journalist
1972 – Latroy Hawkins, American baseball player
1972 – Dustin Hermanson, American baseball player
1972 – Claudia Poll, Costa Rican swimmer
1972 – Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy, Indian politician
1972 – Erwin Schrott, Uruguayan opera singer
1973 – Irakli Alasania, Georgian politician and diplomat
1973 – Mike Alstott, American football player
1973 – Karmen Stavec, German-born Slovenian singer
1974 – Karrie Webb, Australian golfer
1975 – Paloma Herrera, Argentine ballet dancer
1976 – Mirela Manjani, Greek javelin thrower
1976 – Lukas Rossi, Canadian rock singer (Rock Star Supernova)
1977 – Toby Rand, Australian singer (Juke Kartel)
1978 – Emiliano Brembilla, Italian swimmer
1978 – Mike Vitar, American actor
1979 – Tuva Novotny, Swedish actress and singer
1980 – Royce Ring, American baseball player
1981 – Frankie Abernathy, American actress (d. 2007)
1981 – Lynda Thomas, Mexican singer
1981 – Cristian Zaccardo, Italian football player
1982 – Charlie Cox, English actor
1982 – Mike Gansey, American basketball player
1982 – Erica Hayden, American journalist and radio personality
1982 – Philip Humber, American baseball player
1982 – Iljo Keisse, Belgian cyclist
1982 – Tom Payne, British actor
1984 – Darren Potter, Irish football player
1984 – Jackson Rathbone, American actor
1985 – James Stewart Jr., American motorcycle racer
1987 – Valerie Concepcion, Filipino actress
1987 – Brad Howard, Australian footballer
1988 – Alexa Goddard, British R&B singer
1988 – Yasmin, British DJ and Singer
1989 – Tamannaah Bhatia, Indian actress
1989 – Mark Ingram Jr., American football player

Tuesday, December 20, 2011

December 20 Birthdays

1494 – Oronce Finé, French mathematician (d. 1555)
1537 – King John III of Sweden (d. 1592)
1566 – Edward Wightman, English Baptist preacher (d. 1612)
1579 – (baptized) John Fletcher, English playwright (d. 1625)
1626 – Veit Ludwig von Seckendorff, German statesman (d. 1692)
1629 – Pieter de Hooch, Dutch painter (d. 1684)
1717 – Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes, French statesman and diplomat (d. 1787)
1740 – Arthur Lee, American diplomat (d. 1792)
1786 – Pietro Raimondi, Italian composer (d. 1853)
1792 – Nicolas Charlet, French painter (d. 1845)
1833 – Dr Samuel A. Mudd, American physician (d. 1883)
1838 – Edwin Abbott Abbott, English schoolmaster, theologian, and author (d. 1926)
1841 – Ferdinand Buisson, French pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1932)
1860 – Dan Leno, English entertainer (d. 1904)
1861 – Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian painter (d. 1926)
1865 – Elsie de Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (d. 1950)
1868 – Harvey Firestone, American automobile pioneer (d. 1938)
1869 – Charles Grapewin, American actor (d. 1956)
1873 – Kanichi Asakawa, Japanese historian (d. 1948)
1881 – Branch Rickey, baseball executive (d. 1965)
1886 – Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman, American tennis player (d. 1974)
1888 – Yitzhak Baer, German-born Israeli historian (d. 1980)
1888 – Fred Merkle, American baseball figure (d. 1958)
1890 – Yvonne Arnaud, French-born actress (d. 1958)
1890 – Jaroslav Heyrovský, Czech chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1967)
1894 – Sir Robert Menzies, twelfth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1978)
1898 – Irene Dunne, American actress (d. 1990)
1901 – Robert J. Van de Graaff, American physicist and inventor (d. 1967)
1902 – Sidney Hook, American philosopher (d. 1989)
1902 – George Edward Alexander Windsor, Duke of Kent (d. 1942)
1904 – Yevgenia Ginzburg, Russian writer (d. 1977)
1904 – Spud Davis, baseball player (d. 1984)
1905 – Bill O'Reilly, Australian cricket player (d. 1992)
1907 – Paul Francis Webster, songwriter (d. 1984)
1908 – Dennis Morgan, American actor (d. 1994)
1909 – Vakkom Majeed, Indian politician (d. 2000)
1911 – Hortense Calisher, American author (d. 2009)
1914 – Harry F. Byrd Jr, American politician
1916 – Michel Chartrand, Quebec union leader (d. 2010)
1917 – David Bohm, American-born physicist, philosopher, and neuropsychologist (d. 1992)
1918 – Jean Marchand, French Canadian trade unionist and politician (d. 1988)
1918 – Audrey Totter, American actress
1922 – George Roy Hill, American film director (d. 2002)
1922 – Beverly Pepper, American sculptor and painter
1924 – Judy LaMarsh, Canadian politician and broadcaster (d. 1980)
1925 – Benito Lorenzi, Italian footballer (d. 2007)
1926 – Sir Geoffrey Howe, British politician
1926 – Otto Graf Lambsdorff, German politician
1927 – Charlie Callas, American comedian (d. 2011)
1927 – Kim Young-sam, 14th President of South Korea
1931 – Mala Powers, American film actress (d. 2007)
1931 – Terry Sanders, American filmmaker
1932 – John Hillerman, American actor (Magnum, P.I.)
1933 – Jean Carnahan, U.S. Senator
1933 – Rik van Looy, Belgian cyclist
1935 – Khalid Ibadulla, Pakistani cricket player
1938 – John Harbison, American composer
1940 – Pat Chapman, English Author, Founder The Curry Club
1941 – Tommy Cole, American makeup artist, actor and singer
1942 – Rana Bhagwandas, Former Pakistani Chief Justice
1942 – Jean-Claude Trichet, French banker and economist
1944 – Bobby Colomby, American musician (Blood, Sweat & Tears)
1944 – Jean Fergusson, English actress
1945 – Peter Criss, American drummer and singer (Kiss)
1945 – Sivakant Tiwari, senior legal officer of the Singapore Legal Service (d. 2010)
1946 – Uri Geller, Israeli mentalist
1946 – Lesley Judd, English TV presenter and dancer
1946 – Lloyd Mumphord, NFL football player
1946 – John Spencer, American actor (d. 2005)
1946 – Sonny Perdue, American politician, governor of Georgia
1946 – Dick Wolf, American television series creator
1947 – Gigliola Cinquetti, Italian singer
1948 – Alan Parsons, British music producer and artist
1948 – Stevie Wright, English-born Australian musician and songwriter
1949 – Soumaïla Cissé, Malian politician
1949 – Cecil Cooper, American baseball player
1949 – Oscar Gamble, American baseball player
1950 – Arturo Marquez, Mexican composer
1951 – Gilbert Montagné, French musician
1951 – Peter May, Scottish novelist and scriptwriter
1952 – Jenny Agutter, English actress
1952 – Sky Gilbert, Canadian writer
1954 – Michael Badalucco, American actor
1954 – Sandra Cisneros, American writer
1955 – David Breashears, American mountaineer
1955 – Ed Kuepper, German-born Australian musician (The Saints, Laughing Clowns)
1955 – Rory Markas, American sportscaster (d. 2010)
1956 – Blanche Baker, American actress
1956 – Junji Hirata, Japanese professional wrestler
1957 – Billy Bragg, English singer and songwriter
1957 – Mike Watt, American bassist
1957 – Stephen Bicknell, British organ builder and scholar (d. 2007)
1957 – Joyce Hyser, American actress
1957 – Anna Vissi, Greek-Cypriot singer
1958 – James Thomson, American biologist
1959 – Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz, Polish politician
1959 – Trent Tucker, American basketball player
1960 – Nalo Hopkinson, Canadian writer
1960 – Kim Ki-duk, Korean filmmaker
1961 – Mohammad Fouad, Arab singer and actor
1961 – Mike Keneally, American musician
1963 – Infanta Elena of Spain
1963 – Joel Gretsch, American actor
1964 – Mark Coleman, American mixed martial artist, UFC Hall of Famer
1965 – Robert Cavanah, Scottish actor
1965 – Jim Carr (US), Digital Strategist
1965 – Rich Gannon, American football player
1966 – Matt Neal, British Race Driver
1966 – Chris Robinson, American singer (Black Crowes)
1966 – Myrra Malmberg, Swedish singer
1968 – Karl Wendlinger, Austrian racing driver
1968 – Joe Cornish, British comedian
1969 – Bobby Phills, American basketball player (d. 2000)
1970 – Nicole DeBoer, Canadian actress
1970 – Alister McRae, Scottish rally driver
1970 – Grant Flower, Zimbabwean cricketer
1971 – Roger J. Beaujard, American musician
1972 – Anders Odden, Norwegian musician
1973 – Cory Stillman, National Hockey League forward
1974 – Die, Japanese musician (Dir en grey)
1975 – Bartosz Bosacki, Polish footballer
1975 – Jaydy Michel, Mexican model
1976 – Jang Hyuk, Korean actor
1976 – Aubrey Huff, American baseball player
1976 – Adam Powell, Neopets creator
1976 – Ramon Stoppelenburg, world traveler and Dutch author
1977 – Saukrates, Canadian rapper
1978 – Geremi Njitap, Cameroon footballer
1978 – Andrei Markov, Russian ice hockey player
1978 – Tony Moore, American comic book artist
1979 – David DeJesus, American baseball player
1979 – George Lamb, English radio and TV presenter
1979 – Michael Rogers, Australian cyclist
1980 – Ashley Cole, English footballer
1980 – Fitz Hall, English footballer
1980 – Tony, French-born Portuguese footballer
1980 – Martín Demichelis, Argentine footballer
1981 – Roy Williams, American football player
1981 – James Shields, American baseball player
1981 – Royal Ivey, American basketball player
1982 – David Cook, American singer, winner of American Idol.
1982 – David Wright, American baseball player
1982 – David Tavaré, Spanish singer
1982 – Keny Arkana, French rapper & singer
1982 – Mohammed Asif, Pakistani cricket player
1982 – Kasper Klausen, Danish footballer
1983 – Jonah Hill, American actor
1983 – Chelsea Johnson, American pole vaulter
1983 – Lucy Pinder, British model
1983 – Darren Sammy, St. Lucian West Indies cricketer
1983 – Adrián Varela, Mexican singer
1983 – Lara Stone, Dutch model
1986 – Benjamin Brierley, English-born German rugby player
1986 – Anoop Desai, American singer and former American Idol contestant
1987 – Tariel Zintiridis, Greek judoka
1988 – Andrés Bottiglieri Italian–Argentine footballer
1990 – JoJo, American singer
1991 – Hunter Gomez, American actor
1992 – Ksenia Makarova, Russian-American figure skater

December 20 Events

69 – Vespasian, formerly a general under Nero, enters Rome to claim the title of emperor.
217 – The papacy of Zephyrinus ends. Callixtus I is elected as the sixteenth pope, but is opposed by the theologian Hippolytus who accuses him of laxity and of being a Modalist, one who denies any distinction between the three persons of the Trinity.
1192 – Richard the Lion-Heart is captured and imprisoned by Leopold V of Austria on his way home to England after signing a treaty with Saladin ending the Third crusade.
1522 – Suleiman the Magnificent accepts the surrender of the surviving Knights of Rhodes, who are allowed to evacuate. They eventually settle on Malta and become known as the Knights of Malta.
1606 – The Virginia Company loads three ships with settlers and sets sail to establish Jamestown, Virginia, the first permanent English settlement in the Americas.
1803 – The Louisiana Purchase is completed at a ceremony in New Orleans.
1860 – South Carolina becomes the first state to secede from the United States.
1915 – World War I: Last Australian troops evacuated from Gallipoli.
1917 – Cheka, the first Soviet secret police, is founded.
1924 – Hitler is released from Landsberg Prison
1941 – World War II: First battle of the American Volunteer Group, better known as the "Flying Tigers" in Kunming, China.
1942 – World War II: Bombing of Calcutta by the Japanese.
1946 – An 8.1 Mw earthquake and subsequent tsunami in Nankaidō, Japan, kill over 1,300 people and destroy over 38,000 homes.
1951 – The EBR-1 in Arco, Idaho becomes the first nuclear power plant to generate electricity. The electricity powered four light bulbs.
1952 – United States Air Force C-124 crashes and burns in Moses Lake, Washington killing 87.
1955 – Cardiff is proclaimed the capital city of Wales, United Kingdom.
1959 – The Walker Family Murders
1960 – National Front for the Liberation of Vietnam is formed.
1968 – The Zodiac Killer kills Betty Lou Jenson and David Faraday in Vallejo, California.
1973 – The Spanish Prime Minister, Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco, is assassinated by a car bomb attack in Madrid.
1977 – Djibouti and Vietnam join the United Nations.
1984 – The Summit tunnel fire is the largest underground fire in history, as a freight train carrying over 1 million litres of petrol derails near the town of Todmorden in the Pennines.
1987 – History's worst peacetime sea disaster, when the passenger ferry Doña Paz sinks after colliding with the oil tanker Vector 1 in the Tablas Strait in the Philippines, killing an estimated 4,000 people (1,749 official).
1988 – The United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances is signed in Vienna.
1989 – United States invasion of Panama: The United States sends troops into Panama to overthrow government of Manuel Noriega. This is also the first combat use of purpose-designed stealth aircraft.
1991 – A Missouri court sentences the Palestinian militant Zein Isa and his wife Maria to death for the honor killing of their daughter Palestina.
1995 – NATO begins peacekeeping in Bosnia.
1995 – American Airlines Flight 965, a Boeing 757, crashes into a mountain 50 km north of Cali, Colombia killing 160.
1996 – NeXT merges with Apple Computer, starting the path to Mac OS X.
1999 – Macau is handed over to the People's Republic of China by Portugal.
2004 – A gang of thieves steal £26.5 million worth of currency from the Donegall Square West headquarters of Northern Bank in Belfast, Northern Ireland, one of the largest bank robberies in UK history.
2005 – In Durrës, Albania was founded Aleksander Moisiu University.
2005 – US District Court Judge John E. Jones III rules against mandating the teaching of "intelligent design" in his ruling of Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District.
2007 – Elizabeth II becomes the oldest ever monarch of the United Kingdom, surpassing Queen Victoria, who lived for 81 years, 7 months and 29 days.
2007 – The painting Portrait of Suzanne Bloch (1904), by the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso, is stolen from the São Paulo Museum of Art, along with O Lavrador de Café, by the major Brazilian modernist painter Candido Portinari.

Monday, December 19, 2011

December 19 Events

211 – Publius Septimius Geta, co-emperor of Rome, is lured to come without his bodyguards to meet his brother Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (Caracalla), to discuss a possible reconciliation. When he arrives the Praetorian Guard murders him and he dies in the arms of his mother Julia Domna.
324 – Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor.
1154 – Henry II of England is crowned at Westminster Abbey.
1490 – Anne, Duchess of Brittany, is married to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor by proxy.
1606 – The Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery depart England carrying settlers who found, at Jamestown, Virginia, the first of the thirteen colonies that became the United States.
1776 – Thomas Paine publishes one of a series of pamphlets in the Pennsylvania Journal titled The American Crisis.
1777 – American Revolutionary War: George Washington's Continental Army goes into winter quarters at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
1796 – French Revolutionary Wars: Two British frigates under Commodore Horatio Nelson and two Spanish frigates under Commodore Don Jacobo Stuart engage in battle off the coast of Murcia.
1828 – Nullification Crisis: Vice President of the United States John C. Calhoun pens the South Carolina Exposition and Protest, protesting the Tariff of 1828.
1843 – Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol goes on sale.
1900 – Hopetoun Blunder: The first Governor-General of Australia John Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun, appointed Sir William Lyne as premier of the new state New South Wales, but he is unable to persuade other colonial politicians to join his government and is forced to resign.
1907 – A group of 239 coal miners die during a mine explosion in Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania.
1912 – William H. Van Schaick, captain of the steamship General Slocum which caught fire and killed over 1,000 people, is pardoned by U.S. President William Howard Taft after three-and-a-half-years in Sing Sing prison.
1916 – World War I: Battle of Verdun – On the Western Front, the French Army successfully holds off the German Army and drives it back to its starting position.
1920 – King Constantine I is restored as King of the Hellenes after the death of his son Alexander I of Greece and a plebiscite.
1924 – The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England.
1927 – Three Indian revolutionaries viz. Ram Prasad Bismil, Roshan Singh and Ashfaqulla Khan were executed by the British government.
1932 – BBC World Service begins broadcasting as the BBC Empire Service
1941 – World War II: Adolf Hitler becomes Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the German Army.
1941 – World War II: Limpet mines placed by Italian divers sink the HMS Valiant (1914) and HMS Queen Elizabeth (1913) in Alexandria harbour.
1946 – Start of the First Indochina War.
1956 – Irish-born physician John Bodkin Adams is arrested in connection with the suspicious deaths of more than 160 patients. Eventually he is convicted only of minor charges.
1961 – India annexes Daman and Diu, part of Portuguese India.
1963 – Zanzibar gains independence from the United Kingdom as a constitutional monarchy, under Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah.
1964 – The South Vietnamese military junta of Nguyen Khanh dissolved the High National Council and arrested some of the members.
1967 – Prime Minister of Australia Harold Holt is officially presumed dead.
1972 – Apollo program: The last manned lunar flight, Apollo 17, crewed by Eugene Cernan, Ron Evans and Harrison Schmitt, returns to Earth.
1975 – John Paul Stevens is appointed a justice of The United States Supreme Court.
1981 – Sixteen lives are lost when the Penlee lifeboat goes to the aid of the stricken coaster Union Star in heavy seas.
1983 – The original FIFA World Cup trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, is stolen from the headquarters of the Brazilian Football Confederation in Rio de Janeiro.
1984 – The Sino-British Joint Declaration, stating that the People's Republic of China would resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and the United Kingdom would restore Hong Kong to China with effect from July 1, 1997 is signed in Beijing by Deng Xiaoping and Margaret Thatcher.
1986 – Mikhail Gorbachev, leader of the Soviet Union, releases Andrei Sakharov and his wife from exile in Gorky.
1995 – The United States Government restores federal recognition to the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Indian tribe.
1997 – SilkAir Flight 185 crashes into the Musi River, near Palembang in Indonesia, killing 104.
1998 – Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives forwards articles I and III of impeachment against President Bill Clinton to the Senate.
2000 – The Leninist Guerrilla Units wing of the Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist attack a Nationalist Movement Party office in Istanbul, killing one person and injuring three.
2001 – A record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 hPa (32.06 inHg) is recorded at Tosontsengel, Khövsgöl Province, Mongolia.
2001 – Argentine economic crisis: December 2001 riots – Riots erupt in Buenos Aires.

December 19 Birthdays

1554 – Philip William, Prince of Orange (d. 1618)
1587 – Dorothea Sophia, Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg (d. 1645)
1683 – Philip V of Spain (d. 1746)
1699 – William Bowyer, English printer (d. 1777)
1714 – John Winthrop, American astronomer (d. 1779)
1778 – Princess Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte, daughter of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI (d. 1851)
1784 – Marcus Morton, 16th and 18th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1864)
1796 – Breton de los Herreros, Spanish playwright (d. 1873)
1813 – Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist (d. 1885)
1817 – James J. Archer, Confederate general (d. 1864)
1820 – Mary Livermore, American journalist and women's rights advocate (d. 1905)
1831 – Bernice Pauahi Bishop, Hawaiian philanthropist (d. 1884)
1849 – Henry Clay Frick, American industrialist and financier (d. 1919)
1852 – Albert Abraham Michelson, Prussian-born American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1931)
1853 – Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian politician, lieutenant-governor of Quebec (d. 1942)
1861 – Italo Svevo, Italian author (d. 1928)
1865 – Minnie Maddern Fiske, American actress (d. 1932)
1875 – Carter Woodson, American historian and author, founder of Black History Month (d. 1950)
1888 – Fritz Reiner, Hungarian-born American conductor (d. 1963)
1894 – Ford Frick, American baseball commissioner (d. 1978)
1895 – Werner Dankwort, German diplomat (d. 1986)
1895 – Ingeborg Refling Hagen, Norwegian author and teacher (d. 1989)
1899 – Martin Luther King, Sr., American Baptist minister and father of Civil Rights activist, Martin Luther King, Jr. (d. 1984)
1901 – Rudolf Hell, German inventor (d. 2002)
1901 – Fritz Mauruschat, German footballer (d. 1974)
1902 – Sir Ralph Richardson, English actor (d. 1983)
1903 – George Davis Snell, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 1996)
1905 – Irving Kahn, American financial analyst and investor
1906 – Leonid Brezhnev, leader of the Soviet Union (d. 1982)
1907 – Jimmy McLarnin, former Welterweight Champion (d. 2004)
1909 – W.A. Criswell, American (Baptist) preacher (d. 2002)
1910 – Jean Genet, French writer (d. 1986)
1915 – Édith Piaf, French singer and actress (d. 1963)
1916 – Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann, German political scientist (d. 2010)
1916 – Roy Ward Baker, English film director (d. 2010)
1918 – Professor Longhair, American blues musician (d. 1980)
1920 – Little Jimmy Dickens, American country singer
1920 – David Susskind, American TV talk show host (d. 1987)
1922 – Eamonn Andrews, Irish-born television presenter (d. 1987)
1923 – Gordon Jackson, Scottish actor (d. 1990)
1924 – Carlo Chiti, Italian race car engineer (d. 1994)
1924 – Doug Harvey, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1989)
1924 – Gary Morton, American comic; widower of Lucille Ball (d. 1999)
1924 – Edmund Purdom, English actor (d. 2009)
1925 – Tankred Dorst, German dramatist
1925 – Robert B. Sherman, American songwriter
1925 – William Schutz, American psychologist (d. 2002)
1926 – Bobby Layne, American football player (d. 1986)
1926 – Herb Stempel, American game show contestant
1927 – James Booth, English actor and screenwriter (d. 2005)
1928 – Nathan Oliveira, American artist (d. 2010)
1929 – Bob Brookmeyer, American jazz musician
1929 – Howard Sackler, American screenwriter (d. 1982)
1932 – Salvador Elizondo, Mexican writer
1933 – Kevan Gosper, Australian athlete
1933 – Cicely Tyson, American actress
1934 – Rudi Carrell, Dutch entertainer (d. 2006)
1934 – Al Kaline, American baseball player
1934 – Casper R. Taylor, Jr., American politician
1934 – Pratibha Patil, Indian politician
1935 – Barbara Bostock, American actress
1935 – Bobby Timmons, American jazz pianist (d. 1974)
1935 – Joanne Weaver, American baseball player (d. 2000)
1936 – Marian McKnight, American beauty pageant contestant (Miss America 1957)
1940 – Phil Ochs, American folk singer (d. 1976)
1941 – Maurice White, American singer and songwriter (Earth, Wind & Fire)
1941 – Lee Myung-bak, South Korean politician
1942 – Rufus, French actor
1943 – Ross M. Lence, American political scientist (d. 2006)
1943 – General James L. Jones, American military figure
1944 – William Christie, American-born French musician (Les Arts Florissants)
1944 – Mitchell Feigenbaum, American mathematical physicist
1944 – Richard Leakey, Kenyan paleontologist, conservationist and politician
1944 – Alvin Lee, English singer and musician (Ten Years After)
1944 – Tim Reid, American actor
1944 – Zal Yanovsky, Canadian guitarist (The Lovin' Spoonful) (d. 2002)
1945 – Elaine Joyce, American actress
1946 – Rosemary Conley, English businesswoman, author and broadcaster
1946 – Robert Urich, American actor (d. 2002)
1947 – Jimmy Bain, Scottish musician
1947 – Charlie Van Dyke, American actor and radio disc jockey
1948 – Ken Brown, Canadian ice hockey player
1949 – Nancy Kyes, American actress
1949 – Sebastian, Danish musician
1951 – Alan Rouse, British mountaineer (d. 1986)
1952 – Walter Murphy, American composer, pianist and arranger
1955 – Lincoln Hall, Australian mountaineer
1955 – Rob Portman, American politician, senator elect from Ohio
1956 – Tom Lawless, American baseball player
1956 – Phil Harris, American fisherman (Deadliest Catch) (d. 2010)
1957 – Cyril Collard, French film director (d. 1993)
1957 – John Gulager, American film director
1957 – Kevin McHale, American basketball player
1958 – Limahl, English singer (Kajagoogoo)
1958 – Steven Isserlis, English cellist
1959 – Ivan Vallejo, Ecuadorian mountaineer
1960 – Mike Lookinland, American actor
1960 – Michelangelo Signorile, American writer
1960 – Derrick Jensen, American author and activist
1961 – Eric Allin Cornell, American physicist, Nobel laureate
1961 – Matthew Waterhouse, English actor
1961 – Reggie White, American football player (d. 2004)
1962 – Gary Fleder, American film director
1962 – Jill Talley, American actress
1963 – Jennifer Beals, American actress
1963 – Til Schweiger, German actor
1964 – Arvydas Sabonis, Lithuanian basketball player
1964 – Béatrice Dalle, French actress
1965 – Chito Martínez, Belizean baseball player
1965 – Jessica Steen, American actress
1966 – Chuckii Booker, American singer, musician and producer
1966 – Robert MacNaughton, American stage and screen actor
1966 – Alberto Tomba, Italian alpine skier
1966 – Eric Weinrich, American ice hockey player
1967 – Criss Angel, American illusionist
1967 – Frankie Lam, Hong Kong actor
1968 – Ken Marino, American actor and comedian
1969 – Richard Hammond, English television presenter
1969 – Tom Gugliotta, American basketball player
1969 – Kristy Swanson, American actress
1969 – Villano IV, Mexican professional wrestler
1970 – Tyson Beckford, American model
1971 – Liz Cho, American television reporter
1971 – Amy Locane, American actress
1972 – Alyssa Milano, American actress
1972 – Rosa Blasi, American actress
1972 – Warren Sapp, American football player
1973 – Michalis Grigoriou, Greek footballer and coach
1973 – Takashi Sorimachi, Japanese actor
1973 – Zulfiya Zabirova, Russian cyclist
1974 – Mikko Paananen, Finnish bassist (HIM)
1974 – Joe Jurevicius, American football player
1974 – Felipe Lopez, Dominican basketball player
1974 – Jake Plummer, American football player
1974 – Ricky Ponting, Australian cricketer
1975 – Makis Belevonis, Greek footballer
1975 – Russell Branyan, American baseball player
1975 – Michiel van den Bos, Dutch composer
1975 – Jon Smith, British writer
1975 – Olivier Tebily, Ivorian footballer
1977 – Jorge Garbajosa, Spanish basketball player
1978 – Patrick Casey, American screenwriter and actor
1979 – Kevin Devine, American musician
1979 – Paola Rey, Colombian actress
1980 – Iman Ali, Pakistani model and actress
1980 – Jake Gyllenhaal, American actor
1980 – Chris Haslam, Canadian skateboarder and bassist (Kobra Triangle)
1980 – Marla Sokoloff, American actress
1982 – Maurice Williams, American basketball player
1982 – Tero Pitkamaki, Finnish javelin thrower
1983 – Nektarios Alexandrou, Greek-Cypriot footballer
1983 – Casey Crescenzo, American Rock Artist
1983 – Matt Stajan, Canadian ice hockey player
1984 – Ian Kennedy, American baseball player
1985 – Gary Cahill, English footballer
1985 – Neil Kilkenny, English-born Australian soccer player
1985 – Lady Sovereign, English musician
1986 – Ryan Babel, Dutch footballer
1986 – Lazaros Christodoulopoulos, Greek footballer
1987 – Karim Benzema, French footballer
1987 – Cédric Baseya, DR Congolese footballer
1988 – Peter Winn, English footballer
1988 – Paulina Gretzky, American singer and model
1988 – Alexis Sánchez, Chilean footballer
1989 – Valdimar Bergstað, Icelandic horse rider
1989 – Hamza Riazuddin, English cricketer
1990 – Greg Bretz, American snowboarder
1991 – Declan Galbraith, English singer
1992 – Iker Muniain, Spanish/Basque footballer

Sunday, December 18, 2011

December 18 Events

218 BC – Second Punic War: Battle of the Trebia – Hannibal's Carthaginian forces defeat those of the Roman Republic.
1271 – Kublai Khan renames his empire "Yuan" (元 yuán), officially marking the start of the Yuan Dynasty of Mongolia and China.
1642 – Abel Tasman becomes first European to land in New Zealand.
1777 – The United States celebrates its first Thanksgiving, marking the recent victory by the Americans over General John Burgoyne in the Battle of Saratoga in October.
1787 – New Jersey becomes the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
1793 – Surrender of the frigate La Lutine by French Royalists to Lord Hood; renamed HMS Lutine, she later becomes a famous treasure wreck.
1878 – John Kehoe, the last of the Molly Maguires is executed in Pennsylvania.
1878 – The Al-Thani family become the rulers of the state of Qatar
1888 – Richard Wetherill and his brother in-law discover the ancient Indian ruins of Cliff Palace in Mesa Verde.
1898 – Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat sets the first officially recognized land speed record of 39.245 mph (63.159 km/h) in a Jeantaud electric car.
1900 – The Upper Ferntree Gully to Gembrook Narrow-gauge (2 ft 6 in or 762 mm) Railway (now the Puffing Billy Railway) in Victoria, Australia is opened for traffic.
1912 – The Piltdown Man, later discovered to be a hoax, is announced by Charles Dawson.
1915 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson marries Edith Bolling Galt Wilson while president of the United States.
1916 – World War I: The Battle of Verdun ends when German forces under Chief of Staff Erich Von Falkenhayn are defeated by the French, and suffer 337,000 casualties.
1917 – The resolution containing the language of the Eighteenth Amendment to enact Prohibition is passed by the United States Congress.
1932 – The Chicago Bears defeat the Portsmouth Spartans 9-0 in the first ever NFL Championship Game. Because of a blizzard, the game is moved from Wrigley Field to the Chicago Stadium, the field measuring 80 yards (73 m) long.
1935 – The Lanka Sama Samaja Party is founded in Ceylon.
1944 – World War II: 77 B-29 Superfortress and 200 other aircraft of U.S. Fourteenth Air Force bomb Hankow, China, a Japanese supply base.
1956 – Japan joins the United Nations.
1958 – Project SCORE, the world's first communications satellite, is launched.
1966 – Saturn's moon Epimetheus is discovered by Richard L. Walker.
1969 – Capital punishment in the United Kingdom: Home Secretary James Callaghan's motion to make permanent the Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act 1965, which had temporarily suspended capital punishment in England, Wales and Scotland for murder (but not for all crimes) for a period of five years.
1971 – Capitol Reef National Park is established in Utah.
1972 – Vietnam War: President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will engage North Vietnam in Operation Linebacker II, a series of Christmas bombings, after peace talks collapsed with North Vietnam on the 13th.
1973 – Soviet Soyuz Programme: Soyuz 13, crewed by cosmonauts Valentin Lebedev and Pyotr Klimuk, is launched from Baikonur in the Soviet Union.
1973 – The Islamic Development Bank is founded.
1978 – Dominica joins the United Nations.
1987 – Larry Wall releases the first version of the Perl programming language.
1989 – The European Community and the Soviet Union sign an agreement on trade and commercial and economic cooperation.
1996 – The Oakland, California school board passes a resolution officially declaring "Ebonics" a language or dialect.
1997 – HTML 4.0 is published by the World Wide Web Consortium.
1999 – NASA launches into orbit the Terra platform carrying five Earth Observation instruments, including ASTER, CERES, MISR, MODIS and MOPITT.
2002 – 2003 California recall: Then Governor of California Gray Davis announces that the state would face a record budget deficit of $35 billion, roughly double the figure reported during his reelection campaign one month earlier.
2006 – The first of a series of floods strikes Malaysia. The death toll of all flooding is at least 118, with over 400,000 people displaced.
2006 – United Arab Emirates holds its first-ever elections.
2010 – Governmental protests begin in Tunisia, beginning the 2010-2011 Middle East and North Africa protests

December 18 Birthdays

1507 – Ōuchi Yoshitaka, Japanese warlord (d. 1551)
1602 – Simonds d'Ewes, English antiquarian and politician (d. 1650)
1610 – Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange, French philologist (d. 1688)
1620 – Heinrich Roth, German Sanskrit scholar (d. 1668)
1661 – Christopher Polhem, Swedish scientist and inventor (d. 1751)
1662 – James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, Scottish politician (d. 1711)
1707 – Charles Wesley, English Methodist hymnist (d. 1788)
1725 – Johann Salomo Semler, German historian and Bible commentator (d. 1791)
1778 – Joseph Grimaldi, English clown (d. 1837)
1825 – Charles Griffin, American general (d. 1876)
1825 – John S. Harris, American politician (d. 1906)
1835 – Lyman Abbott, American author (d. 1922)
1847 – Augusta Holmès, French composer (d. 1903)
1849 – Henrietta Edwards, Canadian women’s rights activist (d. 1931)
1851 – Graciano Lopez Jaena, Filipino orator and satirist (d. 1896)
1856 – Sir J. J. Thomson, English physicist and Nobel laureate (d. 1940)
1860 – Edward MacDowell, American composer and pianist (d. 1908)
1861 – Lionel Monckton, English composer for the musical theatre (d. 1924)
1863 – Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (d. 1914)
1870 – Saki, English writer (d. 1916)
1873 – Francis Burton Harrison, American political figure (d. 1957)
1878 – Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union (d. 1953)
1879 – Paul Klee, Swiss-born painter (d. 1940)
1886 – Ty Cobb, American baseball player (d. 1961)
1888 – Dame Gladys Cooper, English actress (d. 1971)
1888 – Robert Moses, American public works official (d. 1981)
1890 – Edwin Armstrong, American inventor (d. 1954)
1897 – Fletcher Henderson, American arranger and composer (d. 1952)
1899 – Peter Wessel Zapffe, Norwegian author and philosopher (d. 1990)
1904 – George Stevens, American film director (d. 1975)
1907 – Bill Holland, American auto racer (d. 1984)
1907 – Lawrence Lucie, American jazz guitarist (d. 2009)
1908 – Paul Siple, American Antarctic explorer (d. 1969)
1908 – Celia Johnson, English actress (d. 1982)
1910 – Abe Burrows, American playwright (d. 1985)
1910 – Eric Tindill, New Zealand rugby and cricket international player and referee/umpire (d. 2010)
1911 – Jules Dassin, American film director (d. 2008)
1912 – Benjamin O. Davis Jr., American General (d. 2002)
1913 – Alfred Bester, American author (d. 1987)
1913 – Willy Brandt, Chancellor of Germany, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1992)
1913 – Ray Meyer, American basketball coach (d. 2006)
1916 – Douglas Fraser, Scottish-born American trade unionist (d. 2008)
1916 – Betty Grable, American actress (d. 1973)
1917 – Ossie Davis, American actor and activist (d. 2005)
1920 – Robert Leckie, American marine and author (d. 2001)
1927 – Ramsey Clark, 66th U.S. Attorney General
1927 – Roméo LeBlanc, 25th Governor General of Canada (d. 2009)
1928 – Mirza Tahir Ahmad, Caliph of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (d. 2003)
1929 – Gino Cimoli, American baseball player
1929 – Józef Cardinal Glemp, Cardinal-Archbishop Emeritus of Warsaw
1930 – Moose Skowron, American baseball player
1931 – Allen Klein, American rock and roll business manager (d. 2009)
1931 – Alison Plowden, English historian (d. 2007)
1932 – Roger Smith, American actor
1933 – Arthur Leigh Allen, American suspected serial killer (d. 1992)
1933 – Lonnie Brooks, American blues musician
1934 – Boris Volynov, Soviet cosmonaut
1935 – Jacques Pépin, French chef
1936 – Malcolm Kirk, English professional wrestler (d. 1987)
1938 – Chas Chandler, English musician (The Animals) (d. 1996)
1938 – Joel Hirschhorn, American songwriter and composer (d. 2005)
1938 – Roger E. Mosley, American actor
1939 – Michael Moorcock, English author
1939 – Harold E. Varmus, American scientist and Nobel laureate
1940 – Bramwell Morrison, member of Sharon, Lois & Bram
1941 – Wadada Leo Smith, American trumpeter and composer
1942 – Harvey Atkin, Canadian actor
1943 – Keith Richards, English guitarist (The Rolling Stones)
1943 – Alan Rudolph, American film director and screenwriter
1945 – Jean Pronovost, Canadian ice hockey player
1946 – Steve Biko, South African anti-apartheid activist (d. 1977)
1946 – Steven Spielberg, American film director
1947 – Leonid Yuzefovich, Russian crime fiction writer
1948 – Bill Nelson, English musician (Be-Bop Deluxe)
1948 – Laurent Voulzy, French singer and composer
1948 – Edmund Kemper, American serial killer
1949 – David A. Johnston, American volcanologist (d. 1980)
1949 – Terry Hertzler, American poet
1950 – Gillian Armstrong, Australian film director
1950 – Randy Castillo, American drummer (Ozzy Osbourne) (d. 2002)
1950 – Sarath Fonseka, former commander of the Sri Lanka Army and a former Chief of Defence of Sri Lanka.
1950 – Heinz-Josef Kehr, German footballer
1950 – Leonard Maltin, American film critic
1952 – John Leventhal, musician, producer, songwriter, and recording engineer, married to Rosanne Cash
1953 – Elliot Easton, American guitarist (The Cars)
1953 – Khas-Magomed Hadjimuradov, Chechen singer-songwriter
1954 – John Booth, British racing driver, founder of Manor Motorsport
1954 – Ray Liotta, American actor
1956 – Ron White, American comedian
1957 – Jonathan Cainer, English astrologer
1958 – Geordie Walker, English rock musician and lead guitarist for post-punk band Killing Joke
1958 – Julia Wolfe, American composer
1960 – Kazuhide Uekusa, Japanese economist
1961 – Brian Orser, Canadian figure skater
1961 – Leila Steinberg, American poet, artist manger
1962 – Renaldo Lapuz, Filipino-born American singer
1963 – Karl Dorrell, American football coach
1963 – Greg D'Angelo, American musician (White Lion)
1963 – Pauline Ester, French singer
1963 – Allan Kayser, American actor
1963 – Norman Brown, smooth jazz musician
1963 – Charles Oakley, American basketball player
1963 – Brad Pitt, American actor
1964 – Stone Cold Steve Austin, American professional wrestler
1964 – Don Beebe, American football player
1964 – Robson Green, English actor and singer
1965 – Fawna MacLaren, American model and actress
1965 – Shawn Christian, American actor
1965 – Mick Collins, American musician (The Gories, The Dirtbombs)
1966 – Makiko Esumi, Japanese actress
1966 – Mille Petrozza, German singer (Kreator)
1966 – Gianluca Pagliuca, Italian footballer
1967 – Toine van Peperstraten, Dutch sports journalist
1968 – Rachel Griffiths, Australian actress
1968 – Alejandro Sanz, Spanish singer
1968 – Casper Van Dien, American actor
1968 – Mark Cooper, Manager of Peterborough F.C
1968 – Nina Wadia, British actress/comedian
1969 – Santiago Cañizares, Spanish footballer
1969 – Justin Edinburgh, English footballer
1969 – Akira Iida, Japanese racing driver
1970 – Anthony Catanzaro, American fitness model
1970 – DMX, American rapper and actor
1970 – Lucious Harris, American basketball player
1970 – Miles Marshall Lewis, American author
1970 – Fernando Solabarrieta, Chilean journalist
1970 – Giannis Ploutarhos, Greek singer
1970 – Victoria Pratt, Canadian actress and fitness model
1970 – Cowboy Troy, American rapper
1970 – Rob Van Dam, American professional wrestler
1970 – Johnny Yeo, English artist
1971 – Barkha Dutt, Indian journalist
1971 – Noriko Matsueda, Japanese composer
1971 – Arantxa Sánchez Vicario, Spanish tennis player
1972 – Trevor Chowning, American painter
1972 – DJ Lethal, Latvian-born American DJ (House of Pain, Limp Bizkit)
1972 – Rah Digga, American rapper
1972 – Raymond Herrera, American drummer (Fear Factory) and businessman
1973 – Leila Arcieri, American actress and model
1974 – Peter Boulware, American football player
1974 – Euroboy, Norwegian musician (Turbonegro)
1974 – Bill Duggan, American television actor and host
1975 – Trish Stratus, Canadian professional wrestler
1975 – Masaki Sumitani, Japanese comedian
1975 – David O'Doherty, Irish comedian
1975 – Vincent van der Voort, Dutch dart player
1975 – Sia Furler. Australian singer
1975 – Ken Lambert. American IT professional
1976 – Koyuki, Japanese actress and model
1977 – José Acevedo, Dominican baseball player
1977 – Lindsay Armaou, Irish singer
1977 – Ryan Scott Ottney, American journalist and comic book writer
1978 – Daniel Cleary, Canadian ice hockey player
1978 – Ali Curtis, American soccer player
1978 – Katie Holmes, American actress
1979 – Mamady Sidibe Malian footballer
1979 – Carlos, Portuguese footballer
1979 – Eric Escobar, Puerto Rican professional wrestler
1980 – Christina Aguilera, American singer
1980 – Heinz Inniger, Swiss snowboarder
1980 – Benjamin Watson, American football player
1981 – Joshua Dallas, American actor
1981 – Jens Schmidt, German rugby player
1982 – Dave Luetkenhoelter, American bassist (Kutless)
1983 – Darren Carter, English footballer
1983 – Andy Fantuz, Canadian football player
1985 – Tara Conner, American beauty contestant (Miss USA)
1985 – Hana Soukupová, Czech supermodel
1985 – Natalie Gal, Russian fashion model
1986 – François Hamelin, Canadian short track speed skater
1986 – Usman Khawaja, Australian cricketer
1987 – Miki Andō, Japanese figure skater
1987 – Sneha Ullal, Bollywood Actress
1987 – Ayaka, Japanese singer
1987 – Fernando Jara, Panamanian jockey
1989 – Ashley Benson, American actress
1990 – James Lawrie, Northern Irish footballer
1992 – Bridgit Mendler, American actress and singer

Wednesday, December 14, 2011

December 14 Birthdays

* 1009 – Emperor Go-Suzaku of Japan (d. 1045) * 1503 – Nostradamus, French astrologer (d. 1566) * 1546 – Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer and alchemist (d. 1601) * 1607 – János Kemény, Hungarian aristocrat, writer and prince of Transylvania (d. 1662) * 1625 – Barthélemy d'Herbelot de Molainville, French orientalist (d. 1695) * 1631 – Anne Conway, Viscountess Conway, English philosopher (d. 1679) * 1640 – (baptism date) – Aphra Behn, English playwright and novelist (d. 1689) * 1678 – Daniel Neal, English historian (d. 1743) * 1720 – Justus Möser, German statesman (d. 1794) * 1775 – Philander Chase, American founder of Kenyon College (d. 1852) * 1775 – Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral (d. 1860) * 1784 – Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess of Asturias (d. 1806) * 1787 – Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este, Empress of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1816) * 1791 – Charles Wolfe, Irish poet (d. 1823) * 1794 – Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (d. 1872) * 1824 – Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter (d. 1898) * 1852 – Daniel De Leon, South American socialist (d. 1914) * 1853 – Errico Malatesta, Italian anarcho-communist (d. 1932) * 1866 – Roger Fry, English artist and art critic (d. 1934) * 1870 – Karl Renner, President of Austria (d. 1950) * 1881 – Katherine MacDonald, American actress and film producer (d. 1956) * 1883 – Manolis Kalomiris, Greek classical composer (d. 1962) * 1884 – Jane Cowl, American actress and playwright (d. 1950) * 1895 – Paul Eluard, French poet (d. 1952) * 1895 – King George VI of the United Kingdom (d. 1952) * 1896 – Jimmy Doolittle, American General (d. 1993) * 1897 – Margaret Chase Smith, American politician (d. 1995) * 1897 – Kurt Schuschnigg, Austrian politician (d. 1977) * 1901 – Paul, king of Greece (d. 1964) * 1902 – Frances Bavier, American actress (d. 1989) * 1908 – Morey Amsterdam, American comedian and actor (d. 1996) * 1908 – Claude Davey, Welsh rugby union footballer (d. 2001) * 1908 – Mária Szepes, Hungarian authoress (d. 2007) * 1909 – Edward Tatum, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 1975) * 1911 – Spike Jones, American comedian and musician (d. 1965) * 1911 – Hans von Ohain, German/American aerospace engineer (d. 1998) * 1913 – Dan Dailey, American actor (d. 1978) * 1914 – Karl Carstens, President of Germany (d. 1992) * 1914 – Attila Petschauer, Hungarian fencer (d. 1943) * 1914 – Rosalyn Tureck, American pianist and harpsichordist (d. 2003) * 1916 – Shirley Jackson, American writer (d. 1965) * 1917 – C.-H. Hermansson, Swedish communist leader * 1917 – June Taylor, American choreographer (d. 2004) * 1917 – Elyse Knox, American actress * 1918 – James T. Aubrey, American television executive (d. 1994) * 1918 – Radu Beligan, Romanian actor * 1918 – B.K.S. Iyengar, Indian yoga advocate * 1920 – Clark Terry, American trumpeter * 1922 – Nikolay Basov, Soviet physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2001) * 1922 – Don Hewitt, American creator of 60 Minutes (d. 2009) * 1922 – Junior J. Spurrier, American Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1984) * 1923 – Gerard Reve, Dutch writer (d. 2006) * 1924 – Raj Kapoor, Indian actor (d. 1988) * 1925 – Sam Jones, American baseball player (d. 1971) * 1927 – Richard Cassilly, American tenor (d. 1998) * 1931 – Jon Elia, Pakistani scholar, poet and philosopher (d. 2002) * 1932 – Abbe Lane, American singer and actress * 1932 – Charlie Rich, American musician (d. 1995) * 1935 – Lewis Arquette, American film actor, writer and producer (d. 2001) * 1935 – Lee Remick, American actress (d. 1991) * 1938 – Leonardo Boff, Brazilian theologian * 1938 – Hal Williams, American actor * 1939 – Ernie Davis, American football player (d. 1963) * 1940 – Lex Gold, Scottish football administrator * 1941 – Karan Armstrong, American soprano * 1941 – Ellen Willis, American journalist (d. 2006) * 1942 – Zoe Laskari, Greek actress * 1943 – R. Emmett Tyrrell, American magazine publisher * 1946 – Jane Birkin, English-born French actress and singer * 1946 – Patty Duke, American actress * 1946 – Ruth Fuchs, East German athlete * 1946 – Michael Ovitz, American film producer * 1946 – Stan Smith, American tennis player * 1946 – Joyce Vincent Wilson, American singer (Tony Orlando and Dawn) * 1947 – Christopher Parkening, American guitarist * 1947 – Linda Sutton, English artist * 1947 – Dilma Rousseff, current President of Brazil * 1948 – Kim Beazley, Australian politician * 1948 – Dee Wallace, American actress * 1949 – Bill Buckner, American baseball player * 1949 – Cliff Williams, English bassist (AC/DC) * 1951 – Jan Timman, Dutch chess grandmaster * 1951 – Paul Zaloom, American actor and puppeteer * 1952 – Germain Houde, French Canadian actor * 1953 – Vijay Amritraj, Indian tennis player * 1953 – René Eespere, Soviet-born Estonian composer * 1953 – Vangelis Meimarakis, Greek lawyer and politician * 1953 – Mikael Odenberg, Swedish politician * 1954 – James Horan, American actor * 1954 – Alan Kulwicki, American NASCAR driver (d. 1993) * 1954 – Steven MacLean, Canadian astronaut * 1956 – Hanni Wenzel, Liechtenstein skier * 1958 – Mike Scott, Scottish singer-songwriter (The Waterboys) * 1958 – Spider Stacy, English musician (The Pogues) * 1958 – François Zocchetto, French politician * 1959 – Bob Paris, American bodybuilder and gay rights advocate * 1959 – Jorge Vaca, Mexican boxer * 1960 – Don Franklin, American actor * 1960 – Chris Waddle, English footballer * 1961 – Patrik Sundstrom, Swedish ice hockey player * 1962 – Ginger Lynn (Ginger Lynn Allen), American adult film actress * 1963 – Greg Abbott, English former football player * 1963 – Cynthia Gibb, American actress * 1963 – Vytautas Juozapaitis, Lithuanian baritone, pedagogue (professor) and TV host * 1963 – Michael Moloney, American television personality and interior designer * 1963 – Alice Ripley American actress * 1963 – Mario Yamasaki, Mixed martial arts referee * 1965 – Craig Biggio, American baseball player * 1965 – Ken Hill, American baseball player * 1965 – Ted Raimi, an American actor * 1966 – Fabrizio Giovanardi, Italian racecar driver * 1966 – Anthony Mason, American basketball player * 1966 – Bill Ranford, Canadian ice hockey player * 1966 – Tim Sköld, Swedish/American musician * 1967 – Ewa Białołęcka, Polish writer * 1968 – Noelle Beck, American actress * 1969 – Scott Hatteberg, American baseball player * 1969 – Natascha McElhone, English actress * 1970 – Nadine Garner, Australian actress * 1970 – Anna Maria Jopek, Polish singer * 1970 – Beth Orton, English singer-songwriter * 1971 – Brian Gay, professional golfer; three-time winner on the PGA Tour * 1971 – Tia Texada, American actress and singer * 1971 – Michaela Watkins, American comic actress (Saturday Night Live) * 1972 – Eric Anderson, American musical theatre actor * 1972 – Miranda Hart, British comedienne * 1972 – Marcus Jensen, American baseball player * 1973 – Pat Burke, Irish basketball player * 1973 – Amanda Byram, Irish television presenter * 1973 – Tomasz Radzinski, Polish-born Canadian soccer player * 1973 – Thuy Trang, American actress (d. 2001) * 1974 – Billy Koch, American baseball player * 1975 – Justin Furstenfeld, American rock singer * 1975 – KaDee Strickland, American actress * 1976 – Tammy Blanchard, American actress * 1976 – Leland Chapman, American bounty hunter * 1976 – Sebastien Chaule, French-born German rugby player * 1976 – André Couto, Portuguese racing driver * 1976 – Santiago Ezquerro, Spanish footballer * 1977 – Jamie Peacock, English rugby league footballer * 1978 – Dean Brogan, Australian rules footballer * 1978 – Kim St-Pierre, Canadian ice hockey player * 1978 – Radu Sârbu, Moldovan-born Romanian singer (O-Zone) * 1978 – Patty Schnyder, Swiss tennis player * 1979 – Michael Owen, English footballer * 1979 – Sophie Monk, Australian actress, singer, and model * 1979 – Jean-Alain Boumsong, French footballer * 1980 – Tata Young, Thai-American singer * 1980 – Didier Zokora, Ivorian footballer * 1981 – Amber Chia, Malaysian model and actress * 1981 – Émilie Heymans, Canadian diver * 1981 – Johnny Jeter, American professional wrestler * 1981 – Liam Lawrence, Irish footballer * 1981 – Shaun Marcum, American baseball player * 1982 – Josh Fields, American baseball player * 1982 – Steve Sidwell, English footballer * 1982 – Anthony Way, English singer and actor * 1984 – Chris Brunt, Northern Irish footballer * 1984 – Edward Rainsford, Zimbabwean cricketer * 1985 – Jakub Błaszczykowski, Polish footballer * 1985 – Julio Pimentel, Dominican baseball player * 1985 – Paul Rabil, Professional lacrosse player * 1985 – Tom Smith, Welsh rugby union footballer * 1985 – Nonami Takizawa, Japanese actress * 1987 – Alexander Gaskarth, American singer (All Time Low) * 1988 – Nicolas Batum, French basketball player * 1988 – Vanessa Hudgens, American singer and actress * 1988 – Hayato Sakamoto, Japanese baseball player * 1989 – Pedro Silva, Brazilian footballer * 1989 – Onew, South Korean singer (SHINee), musical actor and TV host * 1992 – Ryo Miyaichi, Japanese footballer * 1994 – Joshua Dionisio, Filipino actor

December 14 in History

* 557 – Constantinople is severely damaged by an earthquake. * 1287 – St. Lucia's flood: The Zuider Zee sea wall in the Netherlands collapses, killing over 50,000 people. * 1542 – Princess Mary Stuart becomes Mary, Queen of Scots. * 1751 – The Theresian Military Academy is founded as the first Military Academy in the world. * 1782 – The Montgolfier brothers' first balloon lifts off on its first test flight. * 1812 – The French invasion of Russia comes to an end as the remnants of the Grande Armée are expelled from Russia. * 1814 – War of 1812: The Royal Navy seizes control of Lake Borgne, Louisiana. * 1819 – Alabama becomes the 22nd U.S. state. * 1836 – The Toledo War unofficially ends. * 1896 – The Glasgow Underground Railway is opened by the Glasgow District Subway Company. * 1900 – Quantum Mechanics: Max Planck presents a theoretical derivation of his black-body radiation law. * 1902 – The Commercial Pacific Cable Company lays the first Pacific telegraph cable, from Ocean Beach, San Francisco to Honolulu, Hawaii. * 1903 – The Wright brothers make their first attempt to fly with the Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. * 1907 – The schooner Thomas W. Lawson runs aground and founders near the Hellweather's Reef within the Scilly Isles in a gale. The pilot and 15 seamen die. * 1909 – New South Wales Premier Charles Wade signed the Seat of Government Surrender Act 1909, formally completing the transfer of State land to the Commonwealth to create the Australian Capital Territory. * 1911 – Roald Amundsen's team, comprising himself, Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, and Oscar Wisting, becomes the first to reach the South Pole. * 1913 – Haruna, the fourth and last ship of the Kongō-class, launches, eventually becoming one of the Japanese workhorses during World War I and World War II. * 1914 – Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressive Party (Partido Demócrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires. * 1918 – Friedrich Karl von Hessen, a German prince elected by the Parliament of Finland to become King Väinö I, renounces the Finnish throne. * 1918 – President of Portugal Sidónio Pais is assassinated. * 1939 – Winter War: The Soviet Union is expelled from the League of Nations for invading Finland. * 1941 – World War II: Japan signs treaty of alliance with Thailand. * 1946 – The United Nations General Assembly votes to establish its headquarters in New York City. * 1955 – Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Laos, Libya, Nepal, Portugal, Romania, Spain and Sri Lanka join the United Nations. * 1958 – The 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition becomes the first expedition to reach The Pole of Relative Inaccessibility in the Antarctic. * 1961 – The United Republic of Tanzania joins the United Nations. * 1962 – NASA's Mariner 2 becomes the first spacecraft to fly by Venus. * 1963 – Baldwin Hills Reservoir wall bursts, killing five people and damaging hundreds of homes in Los Angeles. * 1964 – American Civil Rights Movement: Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States – The United States Supreme Court rules that the U.S. Congress can use the Constitution's Commerce Clause power to fight discrimination. * 1971 – Over 200 of East Pakistan's (now Bangladesh) intellectuals are massacred by the Pakistani Army and their local allies. * 1972 – Apollo program: Eugene Cernan is the last person to walk on the moon, after he and Harrison Schmitt complete the third and final Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) of the Apollo 17 mission. This is the last manned mission to the moon of the 20th century. * 1981 – Arab-Israeli conflict: Israel's Knesset passes The Golan Heights Law, extending Israeli law to the area of the Golan Heights. * 1983 – The 3rd Congress of the Communist Youth of Greece starts. * 1988 – The ET3 television network is launched in Thessaloniki, Greece. * 1992 – War in Abkhazia: During the Siege of Tkvarcheli, a helicopter carrying evacuees from Tkvarcheli, Abkhazia, is shot down, resulting in at least 52 deaths, 25 of which are children. The incident catalyses more concerted Russian military intervention on behalf of Abkhazia. * 1994 – Construction begins on the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River. * 1995 – Yugoslav Wars: The Dayton Agreement is signed in Paris by leaders of various governments. * 1999 – Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations. * 1999 – Torrential rains cause flash floods in Vargas, Venezuela, resulting in tens of thousands of deaths, the destruction of thousands of homes, and the complete collapse of the state's infrastructure. * 2003 – President of Pakistan Pervez Musharaf narrowly escapes an assassination attempt. * 2004 – The Millau viaduct, the tallest bridge in the world, near Millau, France is officially opened. * 2004 – Cuba and Venezuela found the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas. * 2006 – American spy satellite USA-193 is launched. * 2008 – President George W. Bush makes his fourth and final (planned) trip to Iraq as president and is almost struck by two shoes thrown at him by Iraqi journalist Muntadhar al-Zaidi during a news conference in Baghdad. * 2009 – The Tino Rangatiratanga flag representing the Māori people was officially recognized by the government of New Zealand.

Tuesday, December 13, 2011

December 13th Birthdays

* 1521 – Pope Sixtus V (d. 1590) * 1533 – King Eric XIV of Sweden (d. 1577) * 1553 – King Henry IV of France (d. 1610) * 1585 – William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (d. 1649) * 1640 – Robert Plot, English naturalist (d. 1696) * 1662 – Francesco Bianchini, Italian philosopher and scientist (d. 1729) * 1678 – Yongzheng Emperor of China (d. 1735) * 1720 – Carlo Gozzi, Italian dramatist (d. 1804) * 1724 – Franz Aepinus, German scientist (d. 1802) * 1784 – Archduke Louis of Austria (d. 1864) * 1797 – Heinrich Heine, German poet (d. 1856) * 1804 – Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (d. 1873) * 1814 – Ana Néri, Brazilian nurse (d. 1880) * 1816 – Ernst Werner von Siemens, German engineer, inventor, and industrialist (d. 1892) * 1818 – Mary Todd Lincoln, First Lady of the United States (d. 1882) * 1836 – Franz von Lenbach, German painter (d. 1904) * 1854 – Herman Bavinck, Dutch theologian and churchman (d. 1921) * 1856 – Svetozar Boroević, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1920) * 1860 – Lucien Guitry, French actor (d. 1925) * 1864 – Emil Seidel, Mayor of Milwaukee (d. 1947) * 1867 – Kristian Birkeland, Norwegian explorer and scientist (d. 1917) * 1870 – Edward LeSaint, American actor and director (d. 1940) * 1871 – Emily Carr, Canadian artist (d. 1945) * 1874 – Josef Lhévinne, Russian-born pianist (d. 1944) * 1883 – Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian, bibliographer and archivist (d. 1950) * 1884 – Aimilios Veakis, Greek actor (d. 1951) * 1887 – George Polya, Hungarian-born mathematician (d. 1985) * 1887 – Alvin York, American soldier & Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1964) * 1897 – Albert Aalbers, Dutch architect (d. 1961) * 1897 – Drew Pearson, American journalist (d. 1969) * 1900 – Jonel Perlea, Romanian conductor (d. 1970) * 1902 – Panagiotis Kanellopoulos, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1986) * 1902 – Talcott Parsons, American sociologist, (d. 1979) * 1903 – Ella Baker, American civil rights activist (d. 1986) * 1903 – Carlos Montoya, Spanish guitarist (d. 1993) * 1906 – Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent (d. 1968) * 1906 – Sir Laurens van der Post, South African author (d. 1996) * 1910 – Van Heflin, American actor (d. 1971) * 1911 – Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist and Bank of Sweden Prize winner (d. 1999) * 1911 – Kenneth Patchen, American poet and painter (d. 1972) * 1913 – Arnold Brown, the 11th General of The Salvation Army (d. 2002) * 1913 – Archie Moore, American boxer (d. 1998) * 1914 – Alan Bullock, British author of the first biography of Hitler written in any language. (d. 2004) * 1915 – Curd Jürgens, German-born Austrian actor (d. 1982) * 1915 – Ross Macdonald, American-born author (d. 1983) * 1915 – B. J. Vorster, Prime Minister of South Africa 1966-1978 (d. 1983) * 1917 – John Hart, American actor (d. 2009) * 1919 – Hans-Joachim Marseille, German flying ace of World War II (d. 1942) * 1920 – George Shultz, American economist, statesman, and 60th United States Secretary of State * 1923 – Philip Warren Anderson, American physicist, Nobel laureate * 1923 – Larry Doby, American baseball player (d. 2003) * 1925 – Dick Van Dyke, American actor and comedian * 1926 – George Rhoden, Jamaican athlete * 1929 – Christopher Plummer, Canadian actor * 1930 – Robert Prosky, American actor (d. 2008) * 1934 – Richard D. Zanuck, American film producer * 1935 – Joe Christopher, American baseball player * 1935 – Ken Hall, American football player * 1935 – Lindy McDaniel, American baseball player * 1936 – His Highness Prince Shah Karim al-Husseini Aga Khan IV, Present Imam (leader) of the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims * 1936 – J. C. Martin, American baseball player * 1937 – Rob Houwer, Dutch film producer * 1937 – Ulf G. Lindén, Swedish entrepreneur (d. 2009) * 1937 – Ron Taylor, Canadian baseball player * 1938 – Alvin Curran, American composer * 1938 – Heino, German folk singer * 1939 – Eric Flynn, British actor and singer (d. 2002) * 1941 – John Davidson, American actor and game show host * 1941 – Bessel Kok, Dutch businessman and chess organiser * 1942 – Anna Eshoo, American politician * 1943 – Ferguson Jenkins, Canadian baseball player * 1943 – Gösta Winbergh, Swedish tenor (d. 2002) * 1944 – Dick Dees, Dutch politician * 1944 – Hwang Jang Lee, Korean martial artist and film actor * 1944 – Marti Webb, British actor and singer * 1945 – Herman Cain, American businessman, radio host, and politician * 1945 – Kathy Garver, American actress * 1945 – Brian McGuire, Australian racing driver (d. 1977) * 1947 – Darlene Cates, American actress * 1947 – Rex Hagon, Canadian actor and host * 1947 – Dave Hamilton, American baseball player * 1948 – Lester Bangs, Rock critic (d. 1982) * 1948 – Jeff Baxter, American guitarist (Steely Dan, The Doobie Brothers) * 1948 – Lillian Board, British track and field athlete (d. 1970) * 1948 – Ted Nugent, American guitarist * 1948 – Brian Wilson, Scottish politician * 1949 – Robert Lindsay, English actor * 1949 – Randy Owen, American country singer and guitarist (Alabama) * 1949 – Luc Sala, Dutch entrepreneur and writer * 1949 – Tom Verlaine, American singer and guitarist (Television) * 1949 – Paula Wilcox, English actress * 1950 – Wendie Malick, American actress * 1950 – Tom Vilsack, 40th Governor of Iowa and 30th United States Secretary of Agriculture * 1952 – Sylvester Ritter (Junkyard Dog), American professional wrestler (d. 1998) * 1953 – Ben Bernanke, American economist and current United States Chairman of the Federal Reserve * 1953 – Bill Castro, Dominican baseball player * 1953 – Jim Davidson, British comedian * 1953 – Bob Gainey, Canadian ice hockey player and General Manager * 1954 – John Anderson, American country music singer-songwriter * 1954 – Steve Forbert, American singer-songwriter * 1954 – Tamora Pierce, American author * 1954 – Emma Bull, American science fiction and fantasy author * 1956 – Dale Berra, American baseball player * 1956 – Majida El Roumi, Lebanese soprano, singer * 1956 – Phil Hubbard, American basketball player * 1957 – Steve Buscemi, American actor * 1957 – Morris Day, American singer (The Time) * 1957 – Eric Marienthal, American saxophonist * 1957 – Jean-Marie Messier, French businessman * 1958 – Lynn-Holly Johnson, American figure skater and actress * 1959 – Jim Barrell, American professional wrestler * 1959 – Johnny Whitaker, American actor * 1960 – Rusty Cundieff, American actor * 1960 – Daggubati Venkatesh, Indian actor * 1961 – Harry Gregson-Williams, English composer * 1961 – Irene Saez, Miss Universe 1981 and Venezuelan politician * 1961 – Gary Zimmerman, American football player * 1962 – Roger Ilegems, Belgian track cyclist and road bicycle racer * 1962 – Jamie Raskin, American law professor and politician * 1962 – Rex Ryan, American football coach * 1962 – Rob Ryan, American football coach * 1962 – Kendra Slewenski, English netballer * 1964 – Hideto "hide" Matsumoto, Japanese musician (X Japan) (d. 1998) * 1965 – Marko Mäetamm, Estonian artist * 1965 – Jackie Clune, British entertainer and actress * 1966 – Ross Burden, New Zealand celebrity chef * 1966 – Don Roff, American writer and filmmaker * 1966 – Mike Tirico, sports broadcaster * 1967 – Jamie Foxx, American actor and singer * 1967 – Bo Pelini, American football coach * 1969 – Tony Curran, Scottish actor * 1969 – Sergei Fedorov, Russian ice hockey player * 1969 – Murat Nasyrov, Russian singer (d. 2007) * 1970 – Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner, Austrian mountaineer * 1972 – Niki Evans, English singer * 1972 – Chris Grant, Australian football player * 1973 – Christie Clark, American actress * 1974 – Sara Cox, English TV and radio presenter * 1974 – Debbie Matenopoulos, American television personality and actress * 1974 – Nicholas McCarthy, English guitarist (Franz Ferdinand) * 1975 – Bates Battaglia, American ice hockey player * 1975 – Tom DeLonge, American guitarist (blink-182, Angels & Airwaves) * 1975 – Kostas Kiassos, Greek footballer * 1975 – Matthew LeCroy, American baseball player * 1976 – Josh Fogg, American baseball player * 1976 – Søren Friis, Danish footballer * 1976 – Radosław Sobolewski, Polish footballer * 1977 – Sascha Kindred, British Paralympic swimmer * 1977 – Peter Stringer, Irish rugby union footballer * 1978 – Olav Bjortomt, British quiz champion * 1978 – Ryo Kawakita, Japanese guitarist (Maximum the Hormone) * 1978 – BJ Penn, American mixed martial artist * 1980 – Patrik Antonius, Finnish poker player * 1980 – Ryan France, English footballer * 1980 – Satoshi Tsumabuki, Japanese actor * 1980 – Bosco Wong, Hong Kong Singer and Actor * 1981 – Amy Lee, American singer/songwriter (Evanescence) * 1982 – Anthony Callea, Australian singer/songwriter * 1982 – Dan Hamhuis, Canadian ice hockey player * 1982 – Ricky Nolasco, American baseball player * 1982 – Tuka Rocha, Brazilian racing driver * 1982 – Dominik Werling, German footballer * 1983 – Matt Deis, American bassist * 1983 – Otylia Jędrzejczak, Polish swimmer * 1984 – Hanna-Maria Seppälä, Finnish swimmer * 1984 – Santi Cazorla, Spanish footballer * 1985 – Michael Bumpus, American football player * 1985 – Laurence Leboeuf, Canadian actress * 1985 – Alby Mathewson, New Zealand rugby player * 1988 – Rickie Fowler, American golfer * 1989 – Taylor Swift, American singer

Dec 13th Events

* 1294 – Saint Celestine V resigns the papacy after only five months; Celestine hoped to return to his previous life as an ascetic hermit. * 1545 – Council of Trent begins. * 1577 – Sir Francis Drake sets out from Plymouth, England, on his round-the-world voyage. * 1636 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the United States National Guard. * 1642 – Abel Janszoon Tasman reaches New Zealand. * 1643 – English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire. * 1769 – Dartmouth College is founded by the Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, with a Royal Charter from King George III, on land donated by Royal Governor John Wentworth. * 1809 – Dr. Ephraim McDowell performed the first ovariotomy, removing a 22 pound tumor. * 1862 – American Civil War: At the Battle of Fredericksburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee defeats the Union Major General Ambrose E. Burnside. * 1867 – Fenian bomb explodes in Clerkenwell, London, killing six. * 1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanjing – Nanjing, defended by the National Revolutionary Army under the command of General Tang Shengzhi, falls to the Japanese. * 1937 – Nanjing Massacre. Japanese troops begin carrying out several weeks of raping and killing of civilians and suspected Chinese resistance after the fall of Nanjing. * 1938 – The Holocaust: The Neuengamme concentration camp opens in the Bergedorf district of Hamburg, Germany. * 1939 – World War II: Battle of the River Plate – Captain Hans Langsdorff of the German Deutschland class cruiser (pocket battleship) Admiral Graf Spee engages with Royal Navy cruisers HMS Exeter, HMS Ajax and HMNZS Achilles. * 1941 – World War II: Hungary and Romania declare war on the United States. * 1943 – World War II: The Massacre of Kalavryta by German occupying forces in Greece. * 1949 – The Knesset votes to move the capital of Israel to Jerusalem. * 1959 – Archbishop Makarios becomes the first President of Cyprus. * 1960 – While Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia visits Brazil, his Imperial Bodyguard seizes the capital and proclaim him deposed and his son, Crown Prince Asfa Wossen, Emperor. * 1962 – NASA Relay 1 launch, first active repeater communications satellite in orbit. * 1967 – Constantine II of Greece attempts an unsuccessful counter-coup against the Regime of the Colonels * 1968 – Brazilian president Artur da Costa e Silva decrees the AI-5 (or the fifth Institutional Act), which lasts until 1978 and marks the beginning of the hard times of Brazilian military dictatorship. * 1972 – Apollo program: Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt begin the third and final Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) or "Moonwalk" of Apollo 17. To date they are the last humans to set foot on the Moon. * 1974 – Malta becomes a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations * 1977 – A DC-3 aircraft chartered from the Indianapolis-based National Jet crashes near Evansville Regional Airport, killing 29, including the University of Evansville basketball team, support staff and boosters of the team. * 1979 – The Canadian Government of Prime Minister Joe Clark is defeated in the House of Commons, prompting the 1980 Canadian election. * 1981 – General Wojciech Jaruzelski declares martial law in Poland to prevent dismantling of the communist system by Solidarity. * 1988 – Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat gives a speech at the United Nations General Assembly in the Swiss city of Geneva after the United States authorities refused to give him a visa to enter New York. * 1989 – Attack on Derryard checkpoint: The Provisional Irish Republican Army launch an attack on a British Army nonpermanent vehicle checkpoint near Rosslea, Northern Ireland. Two British soldiers are killed and one badly wounded. * 2000 – The "Texas 7" escape from the John Connally Unit near Kenedy, Texas and go on a robbery spree, during which police officer Aubrey Hawkins is shot and killed. * 2000 – Al Gore concedes the U.S. presidential election to George W. Bush. * 2001 – the Indian Parliament Sansad is attacked by terrorists. 15 people are killed, including all the terrorists. * 2002 – Enlargement of the European Union: The European Union announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004. * 2003 – Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit (see Operation Red Dawn). * 2004 – Former Chilean dictator, General Augusto Pinochet is put under house arrest, after being sued under accusations over 9 kidnapping actions and manslaughter. The house arrest is lifted the same day on appeal. * 2006 – The Baiji, or Chinese River Dolphin, is announced as extinct.

Monday, December 12, 2011

December 12 in History

627 – Battle of Nineveh: A Byzantine army under Emperor Heraclius defeats Emperor Khosrau II's Persian forces, commanded by General Rhahzadh.
1098 – First Crusade: Massacre of Ma'arrat al-Numan – Crusaders breach the town's walls and massacre about 20,000 inhabitants. After finding themselves with insufficient food, they resort to cannibalism.
1408 – The Order of the Dragon a monarchical chivalric order is created by Sigismund of Luxembourg, then King of Hungary.
1781 – American Revolutionary War: Second Battle of Ushant – A Royal Navy squadron, commanded by Rear Admiral Richard Kempenfelt in HMS Victory, defeats a French fleet.
1787 – Pennsylvania becomes the second state to ratify the United States Constitution five days after Delaware became the first.
1862 – USS Cairo sinks on the Yazoo River, becoming the first armored ship to be sunk by an electrically detonated mine.
1870 – Joseph H. Rainey of South Carolina becomes the second black U.S. congressman, the first one being Hiram Revels.
1897 – Belo Horizonte, the first planned city in Brazil, is founded.
1901 – Guglielmo Marconi receives the first transatlantic radio signal at Signal Hill in St John's, Newfoundland.
1911 – Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.
1911 – King George V of the United Kingdom and Mary of Teck are enthroned as Emperor and Empress of India.
1915 – President of the Republic of China, Yuan Shikai announces his intention to reinstate the monarchy and proclaim himself Emperor of China.
1917 – In Nebraska, Father Edward J. Flanagan founds Boys Town as a farm village for wayward boys.
1918 – Flag of Estonia is raised atop the Pikk Hermann for the first time.
1925 – The Majlis of Iran votes to crown Reza Khan as the new Shah of Persia.
1935 – Lebensborn Project, a Nazi reproduction program, is founded by Heinrich Himmler.
1936 – Xi'an Incident: The Generalissimo of the Republic of China, Chiang Kai-shek is kidnapped by Zhang Xueliang.
1937 – Panay incident: Japanese aircraft bomb and sink US gunboat Panay on the Yangtze River in China.
1939 – Winter War: Battle of Tolvajärvi – Finnish forces defeat those of the Soviet Union in their first major victory of the conflict.
1939 – HMS Duchess (H64) sinks after a collision with HMS Barham off the coast of Scotland with the loss of 124 men
1940 – World War II: Approximately 70 people are killed in the Marples Hotel, Fitzalan Square, Sheffield as a result of a German air raid.
1941 – World War II: Fifty four Japanese A6M Zero fighters raid Batangas Field, Philippines. Jesús Villamor and four Filipino fighter pilots fend them off; César Basa is killed.
1941 – World War II: USMC F4F "Wildcats" sink the first 4 major Japanese ships off Wake Island.
1941 – World War II: UK declares war on Bulgaria. Hungary and Romania declare war on the United States. India declares war on Japan.
1941 – Adolf Hitler announces extermination of the Jews at a meeting in the Reich Chancellery
1942 – World War II: German troops begin Operation Winter Storm, an attempt to relieve encircled Axis forces during the Battle of Stalingrad.
1942 – A fire in a hostel in St. John's, Newfoundland kills 100 people.
1946 – A fire at a New York City ice plant spreads to a nearby tenement killing 37 people.
1948 – Malayan Emergency: Batang Kali Massacre – 14 members of the Scots Guards stationed in Malaysia allegedly massacre 24 unarmed civilians and set fire to the village.
1950 – Paula Ackerman, the first woman appointed to perform rabbinical functions in the United States, leads the congregation in her first services.
1956 – Beginning of the Irish Republican Army's "Border Campaign".
1958 – Guinea joins the United Nations.
1963 – Kenya gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
1964 – Prime Minister Jomo Kenyatta becomes the first President of the Republic of Kenya.
1969 – Strategy of tension: Piazza Fontana bombing – The offices of Banca Nazionale dell'Agricoltura in Piazza Fontana, Milan, are bombed.
1979 – Coup d'état of December Twelfth: South Korean Army Major General Chun Doo-hwan orders the arrest of Army Chief of Staff General Jeong Seung-hwa without authorization from President Choi Kyu-ha, alleging involvement in the assassination of ex-President Park Chung Hee.
1979 – President of Pakistan, Zia-ul-Haq, confers Nishan-e-Imtiaz on Nobel laureate Dr Abdus Salam.
1979 – The unrecognised state of Zimbabwe Rhodesia returns to British control and resumes using the name Southern Rhodesia.
1979 – A major earthquake and tsunami kill 259 people in Colombia.
1982 – Women's peace protest at Greenham Common – 30,000 women hold hands and form a human chain around the 14.5 kilometres (9.0 mi) perimeter fence.
1984 – Maaouiya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya becomes the third president of Mauritania after a coup d'état against Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla while the latter is attending a summit.
1985 – Arrow Air Flight 1285 crashes after takeoff in Gander, Newfoundland killing 256, including 236 members of the United States Army's 101st Airborne Division.
1988 – The Clapham Junction rail crash kills thirty-five and injures hundreds after two collisions of three commuter trains – one of the worst train crashes in the United Kingdom.
1991 – Russian Federation gains independence from the USSR.
2000 – The United States Supreme Court releases its decision in Bush v. Gore
2005 – Gebran Tueni, Lebanese journalist and politician, is assassinated.

Notable December 12 Birthdays

1745 – John Jay, 1st Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1829)

Read John Jay: Founding Father at Amazon.com

John Jay (December 12, 1745 – May 17, 1829) was an American politician, statesman, revolutionary, diplomat, a Founding Father of the United States, and the first Chief Justice of the United States (1789–95).

Jay was born into a wealthy family of merchants and government officials in New York City. Throughout his childhood, he received a private education, and he then studied law at King's College. After passing the New York bar exam, he established his own legal practice. He soon became a member of the New York Committee of Correspondence, where he became involved with a conservative political faction that, fearing "mob rule", sought to protect property rights and maintain the "rule of law" while resisting British violations of human rights.

Jay served as the President of the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1779. During and after the American Revolution, Jay was a minister (ambassador) to Spain and France, helping to fashion United States foreign policy, and to secure favorable peace terms from Great Britain (with Jay's Treaty of 1794) and the First French Republic.

Jay, a proponent of strong, centralized government, also co-wrote the Federalist Papers, along with Alexander Hamilton and James Madison.

As a leader of the new Federalist Party, Jay was the Governor of New York State from 1795 to 1801, and he became the state's leading opponent of slavery. His first two attempts to emancipate the slaves in New York failed in 1777 and in 1785, but his third attempt succeeded in 1799. The 1799 act, a gradual emancipation act, that he signed into law eventually brought about the emancipation of all slaves there before his death in 1829.

1805 – William Lloyd Garrison, American abolitionist (d. 1879)


Read The Liberator: The Story of William Lloyd Garrison at Amazon.com

William Lloyd Garrison (December 12, 1805 – May 24, 1879) was a prominent American abolitionist, journalist, and social reformer. He is best known as the editor of the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator, and as one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society, he promoted "immediate emancipation" of slaves in the United States. Garrison was also a prominent voice for the women's suffrage movement.

1915 – Frank Sinatra, American singer and actor (d. 1998)



Frank Sinatra at Amazon.com

December 12 Birthdays

1298 – Albert II of Austria (d. 1358)
1574 – Anne of Denmark, queen consort of James I of England (d. 1619)
1610 – Saint Vasilije (d. 1671)
1659 – Francesco Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/designer (d. 1739)
1712 – Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine, Austrian military leader (d. 1780)
1724 – Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, British admiral (d. 1816)
1745 – John Jay, 1st Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1829)
1779 – Madeleine Sophie Barat, French saint (d. 1865)
1783 – Ner Alexander Middleswarth, American politician (d. 1865)
1786 – William L. Marcy, American statesman (d. 1857)
1791 – Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria, wife of Napoleon (d. 1847)
1792 – Alexander Ypsilantis, Greek prince (d. 1828)
1799 – Karl Briullov, Russian painter (d. 1852)
1805 – William Lloyd Garrison, American abolitionist (d. 1879)
1805 – Henry Wells, American banking executive (d. 1878)
1806 – Stand Watie, American Confederate general (d. 1871)
1812 – John Sandfield Macdonald, Canadian premier of Ontario (d. 1872)
1821 – Gustave Flaubert, French writer (d. 1880)
1845 – Bruce Price, American architect (d. 1903)
1849 – William Kissam Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1920)
1862 – Joseph Bruce Ismay, British ocean liner executive and Titanic survivor (d. 1937)
1863 – Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (d. 1944)
1864 – Paul Elmer More, American essayist (d. 1937)
1866 – Alfred Werner, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1919)
1870 – Walter Benona Sharp, American oil industry executive (d. 1912)
1875 – Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal (d. 1953)
1876 – Alvin Kraenzlein, American athlete (d. 1928)
1887 – Kurt Atterberg, Swedish composer (d. 1974)
1892 – Milko Kos, Slovenian historian (d. 1972)
1893 – Edward G. Robinson, American actor (d. 1973)
1900 – Sammy Davis, Sr., American dancer (d. 1988)
1902 – Koloman Sokol, Slovak painter (d. 2003)
1903 – Dagmar Nordstrom, American composer (d. 1976)
1903 – Yasujirō Ozu, Japanese film director (d. 1963)
1904 – Nicolas de Gunzburg, French magazine editor (d. 1981)
1905 – Manès Sperber, Austrian writer (d. 1984)
1907 – Roy Douglas, English composer and orchestrator
1908 – Gustav Ernesaks, Estonian composer and conductor (d. 1993)
1909 – Karen Morley, American actress (d. 2003)
1909 – Hans Keilson, German-born Dutch writer and child psychologist (d. 2011)
1910 – Richard Sagrits, Estonian painter (d. 1968)
1914 – Patrick O'Brian, English author (d. 2000)
1915 – Frank Sinatra, American singer and actor (d. 1998)
1917 – James Wall, American actor and stage manager (d. 2010)
1918 – Joe Williams, American singer (d. 1999)
1919 – Olivia Barclay, English astrologer (d. 2001)
1919 – Dan DeCarlo, American cartoonist (d. 2001)
1920 – Fred Kida, American comics artist
1922 – Christian Dotremont, Belgian painter and writer (d. 1979)
1923 – Bob Barker, American television game show host
1923 – Bob Dorough, American jazz pianist/vocalist
1923 – Ken Kavanagh, Australian racing driver
1924 – Ed Koch, American politician
1924 – Ray Cordeiro, Hong Kong radio personality
1924 – Robert Coogan, American actor (d. 1978)
1925 – Vladimir Shainsky, Russian composer
1925 – Ahmad Shamlou, Iranian poet (d. 2000)
1927 – Robert Noyce, American inventor (d. 1990)
1928 – Chinghiz Aitmatov, Soviet-born Kyrgyz writer (d. 2008)
1929 – Toshiko Akiyoshi, Japanese musician
1929 – John Osborne, English dramatist (d. 1994)
1930 – Bill Beutel, American journalist (d. 2006)
1930 – Silvio Santos, Brazilian TV show host
1931 – Lionel Blair, English actor and choreographer
1932 – Bob Pettit, American basketball player
1934 – Miguel de la Madrid, Mexican politician
1937 – Buford Pusser, American law enforcement official (d. 1974)
1938 – Connie Francis, American singer
1940 – Sharad Pawar, Indian politician
1940 – Dionne Warwick, American singer
1940 – Frances Willard, American magician
1942 – Peter Sarstedt, British musician
1943 – Vassilis Alexakis, Greek-French writer
1943 – Dickey Betts, American musician (The Allman Brothers Band)
1943 – Grover Washington, Jr., American saxophonist (d. 1999)
1944 – Kenneth Cranham, Scottish actor
1944 – Jean Doré, Canadian politician
1944 – Zoe Laskari, Greek actress
1944 – Rob Tyner, American Singer, Songwriter and activist (The MC5) (d. 1991)
1945 – Tony Williams, American jazz drummer (d. 1997)
1946 – Emerson Fittipaldi, Brazilian race car driver
1946 – Paula Wagner, American film executive
1947 – Wings Hauser, American actor
1949 – Bill Nighy, English actor
1950 – Pedro Ferriz de Con, Mexican radio and TV news anchor
1950 – Rajinikanth, Indian actor
1950 – Billy Smith, Canadian ice hockey player
1952 – Brenton Broadstock, Australian composer and academic
1952 – Herb Dhaliwal, Canadian politician
1952 – Sarah Douglas, English actress
1952 – Cathy Rigby, American gymnast and actress
1953 – Bruce Kulick, American guitarist (Kiss, Grand Funk Railroad)
1953 – Dave Meniketti, American guitarist
1953 – Rafael Septien, Mexican placekicker and convicted sex offender
1955 – Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, Greek businesswoman
1955 – Eddy Schepers, Belgian cyclist
1956 – Johan van der Velde, Dutch cyclist
1957 – Sheila E., American musician
1957 – Robert Lepage, French Canadian playwright
1957 – Susan Powter, Australian author and motivational speaker
1958 – Monica Attard, Australian journalist
1958 – Lucie Guay, Canadian canoer
1958 – Dag Ingebrigtsen, Norwegian musician
1958 – Sheree J. Wilson, American actress
1962 – Tracy Austin, American tennis player
1962 – Mike Golic, American football player
1963 – Liz Claman, American television anchor
1963 – Ai Orikasa, Japanese voice actress and singer
1964 – Sabu, American professional wrestler
1964 – Haywood Jeffries, American football player
1965 – Will Carling, English rugby union footballer
1966 – Royce Gracie, Brazilian martial artist
1966 – Kouichi Nagano, Japanese voice actor
1966 – Último Dragón, Japanese professional wrestler
1967 – Yuzo Koshiro, Japanese composer
1967 – Takenobu Mitsuyoshi, Japanese composer
1967 – John Randle, American football player
1967 – Deke Sharon, American musician
1968 – Kate Humble, English television presenter
1968 – Rory Kennedy, American documentarian
1968 – Laurie Williams, Jamaican cricketer (d. 2002)
1969 – Carrie Westcott, American model and actress
1970 – Mädchen Amick, American actress
1970 – Jennifer Connelly, American actress
1970 – Regina Hall, American actress
1972 – Nicky Eaden, English footballer
1972 – Wilson Kipketer, Danish middle-distance runner
1972 – Kevin Parent, French Canadian singer and songwriter
1972 – Brandon Teena, American murder victim (d. 1993)
1972 – Georgios Theodoridis, Greek sprinter
1972 – Hank Williams III, American musician
1973 – Walter Otta, Argentine footballer
1973 – Gary Breen, Republic of Ireland footballer
1974 – Nolberto Solano, Peruvian footballer
1975 – Mayim Bialik, American actress
1975 – Wesley Charles, Vincentian footballer
1975 – Craig Moore, Australian footballer
1976 – Dan Hawkins, English guitarist (The Darkness)
1976 – Lloyd Owusu, Ghanaian footballer
1977 – Nicole, Erica and Jaclyn Dahm, American triplet models
1977 – Bridget Hall, American supermodel
1977 – Orlando Hudson, American baseball player
1977 – Colin White, Canadian ice hockey player
1978 – Monica Barladeanu, Romanian actress
1978 – Jennifer Rovero, American model
1979 – Garrett Atkins, American baseball player
1979 – Nate Clements, American football player
1979 – Sharin Foo, Danish singer and bassist
1979 – John Salmons, American basketball player
1980 – Gus G, Greek musician
1980 – Nicolae Dorin Goian, Romanian footballer
1981 – Ronnie Brown, American football player
1981 – Shane Costa, American baseball player
1981 – Jeret Peterson, American aerial skier
1981 – Pedro Ríos Maestre, Spanish footballer
1981 – Yuvraj Singh, Indian cricketer
1981 – Stephen Warnock, English footballer
1982 – Dmitry Tursunov, Russian tennis player
1982 – Ai Kato, Japanese actress
1983 – Katrina Elam, American singer
1984 – Daniel Agger, Danish footballer
1984 – Daniel Merrett, Australian football player
1984 – Sohail Tanvir,Pakistani cricketer
1985 – Pat Calathes, Greek-American basketball player
1985 – Chris Jennings, American football player
1985 – David Veikune, American football player
1985 – Giannis Zaradoukas, Greek footballer
1986 – Perparim Hetemaj, Finnish footballer
1986 – Mitsuhiro Hidaka, Japanese singer (AAA (band))
1986 – Thomas Wansey, English actor
1986 – T. J. Ward, American football player
1986 – Lee Qri, Korean singer and actress
1988 – Ham Eun-jeong, Korean singer and actress
1990 – Victor Moses, Nigerian-born British footballer
1990 – Seungri, Korean singer
1991 – Daniel Magder, Canadian actor