Friday, October 29, 2010

October 29 in History

October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 63 days remaining until the end of the year.

* 539 BC – Cyrus the Great entered the city of Babylon and detained Nabonidus.
* 437 – Valentinian III, Western Roman Emperor, marries Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of his cousin Theodosius II, Eastern Roman Emperor in Constantinople unifying the two branches of the House of Theodosius
* 969 – Byzantine troops occupy Antioch Syria
* 1268 – Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed along with his companion Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily, a political rival and ally to the hostile Roman Catholic church.
* 1390 – First trial for witchcraft in Paris leading to the death of three people.
* 1422 – Charles VII of France becomes king in succession to his father Charles VI of France
* 1467 – Battle of Brustem: Charles the Bold defeats Liege
* 1618 – English adventurer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England.
* 1658 – Action of 29 October 1658 (Naval battle)
* 1665 – Battle of Ambuila, where Portuguese forces defeated the forces of the Kingdom of Kongo and decapitated king Antonio I of Kongo, also called Nvita a Nkanga.
* 1675 – Leibniz makes the first use of the long s (∫) as a symbol of the integral in calculus.
* 1787 – Mozart's opera Don Giovanni receives its first performance in Prague.
* 1792 – Mount Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.
* 1859 – Spain declares war on Morocco.
* 1863 – Eighteen countries meeting in Geneva agree to form the International Red Cross.
* 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Wauhatchie – forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant ward off a Confederate attack led by General James Longstreet. Union forces thus open a supply line into Chattanooga, Tennessee.
* 1886 – The first ticker-tape parade takes place in New York City when office workers spontaneously throw ticker tape into the streets as the Statue of Liberty is dedicated.
* 1901 – In Amherst, Massachusetts nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.
* 1901 – Capital punishment: Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of US President William McKinley, is executed by electrocution.
* 1918 – The German High Seas Fleet is incapacitated when sailors mutiny on the night of the 29th-30th, an action which would trigger the German revolution.
* 1921 – The Link River Dam, a part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, is completed.
* 1921 – Second trial of Sacco and Vanzetti in USA.
* 1921 – The Harvard University football team loses to Centre College, ending a 25 game winning streak. This is considered one of the biggest upsets in college football.
* 1922 – The King of Italy, Victor Emmanuel III, appoints Benito Mussolini as Prime Minister.
* 1923 – Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire.
* 1929 – The New York Stock Exchange crashes in what will be called the Crash of '29 or "Black Tuesday", ending the Great Bull Market of the 1920s and beginning the Great Depression.
* 1941 – Holocaust: In the Kaunas Ghetto over 10,000 Jews are shot by German occupiers at the Ninth Fort, a massacre known as the "Great Action".
* 1942 – Holocaust: In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews.
* 1944 – The city of Breda in the Netherlands is liberated by 1st Polish Armoured Division.
* 1945 – Getulio Vargas, president of Brazil, resigns.
* 1948 – Safsaf massacre
* 1953 – BCPA Flight 304 DC-6 crashes near San Francisco, California. Pianist William Kapell is among the 19 killed.
* 1955 – The Soviet battleship Novorossiisk strikes a World War II mine in the harbor at Sevastopol.
* 1956 – Suez Crisis begins: Israeli forces invade the Sinai Peninsula and push Egyptian forces back toward the Suez Canal.
* 1956 – Tangier Protocol is signed: The international city Tangier is reintegrated into Morocco.
* 1956 – Kafr Qasim massacre: Israeli Border Police (Magav) shoot and kill 48 Arab civilians for unknowingly disobeying curfue orders imposed by Israeli army in Kafr Qasim, an Arab village.
* 1957 – Israel's prime minister David Ben Gurion and five of his ministers are injured when a hand grenade is tossed into Israel's parliament, the Knesset.
* 1960 – In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay (who later takes the name Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional fight.
* 1961 – Syria exits from the United Arab Republic.
* 1964 – Tanganyika and Zanzibar unite to form the Republic of Tanzania.
* 1964 – A collection of irreplaceable gems, including the 565 carat (113 g) Star of India, is stolen by a group of thieves (among them is "Murph the surf") from the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.
* 1966 – National Organization For Women is founded.
* 1967 – London criminal Jack McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall.
* 1967 – Montreal's World Fair, Expo 67, closes with over 50 million visitors.
* 1969 – The first-ever computer-to-computer link is established on ARPANET, the precursor to the Internet.
* 1969 – October 29, 1969: the Supreme Court ruled that school districts must end segregation “now and hereafter".
* 1980 – Demonstration flight of a secretly modified C-130 for an Iran hostage crisis rescue attempt ends in crash landing at Eglin Air Force Base's Duke Field, Florida leading to cancellation of Operation Credible Sport.
* 1980 – Mark David Chapman, John Lennon's murderer, leaves for New York from his home in Hawaii.
* 1983 – Over 500,000 people demonstrate against cruise missiles in The Hague, Netherlands.
* 1985 – Major General Samuel K. Doe is announced the winner of the first multi-party election in Liberia.
* 1986 – British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher opens the last stretch of the M25 motorway.
* 1991 – The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.
* 1994 – Francisco Martin Duran fires over two dozen shots at the White House (Duran is later convicted of trying to kill US President Bill Clinton).
* 1998 – Apartheid: In South Africa, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission presents its report, which condemns both sides for committing atrocities.
* 1998 – Space Shuttle Discovery blasts off on STS-95 with 77-year old John Glenn on board, making him the oldest person to go into space.
* 1998 – ATSC HDTV broadcasting in the United States is inaugurated with the launch of STS-95 space shuttle mission.
* 1998 – While en route from Adana to Ankara, a Turkish Airlines flight with a crew of 6 and 33 passengers is hijacked by a Kurdish militant who orders the pilot to fly to Switzerland. The plane instead lands in Ankara after the pilot tricked the hijacker into thinking that he is landing in the Bulgarian capital of Sofia to refuel.
* 1998 – Hurricane Mitch, the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history, makes landfall in Honduras.
* 1998 – The Gothenburg nightclub fire in Sweden claims 63 lives and injures 200.
* 1999 – A large cyclone devastates Orissa, India.
* 2002 – Ho Chi Minh City ITC Inferno, a fire destroys a luxurious department store where 1500 people shopping. Over 60 people died and over 100 are missing. It is the deadliest disaster in Vietnam during peacetime.
* 2004 – The Arabic news network Al Jazeera broadcasts an excerpt from a video of Osama bin Laden in which the terrorist leader first admits direct responsibility for the September 11, 2001 attacks and references the 2004 U.S. presidential election.
* 2004 – In Rome, European heads of state sign the Treaty and Final Act establishing the first European Constitution.
* 2005 – 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings kill more than 60.
* 2008 – Delta Air Lines merges with Northwest Airlines, creating the world's largest airline and reducing the number of US legacy carriers to 5.

Thursday, October 28, 2010

October 28 Birthdays

* 1510 – Francis Borgia, Spanish duke and Jesuit priest (d. 1572)
* 1585 – Cornelius Jansen, Dutch bishop (d. 1638)
* 1667 – Maria Anna of Neuburg, second wife of Charles II of Spain (d. 1740)
* 1691 – Peder Tordenskjold, Norwegian naval hero (d. 1720)
* 1697 – Canaletto, Italian artist (d. 1768)
* 1703 – Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician (d. 1768)
* 1718 – Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary (d. 1793)
* 1767 – Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1852)
* 1793 – Eliphalet Remington, American firearms manufacturer (d. 1861)
* 1804 – Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (d. 1849)
* 1818 – Ivan Turgenev, Russian writer (d. 1883)
* 1837 – Tokugawa Yoshinobu, Japan's last shogun (d. 1913)
* 1839 – Edward P. Allen, United States congressman from Michigan (d. 1909)
* 1845 – Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (d. 1888)
* 1846 – Georges Auguste Escoffier, French chef (d. 1935)
* 1854 – Jean-Marie Guyau, French philosopher and poet (d. 1888)
* 1860 – Jigoro Kano, Japanese martial artist and creator of Judo (d. 1938).
* 1864 – Adolfo Camarillo, prominent land owner, horse breeder, and rancher (d. 1958)
* 1875 – Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor, American geographer and editor (d. 1966)
* 1877 – Joe Adams, American baseball player (d. 1952)
* 1879 – Channing H. Cox, 49th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1968)
* 1881 – Bruno Söderström, Swedish athlete (d. 1969)
* 1881 – Vin Coutie, Australian footballer
* 1884 – William Douglas Cook, founder of Eastwoodhill Arboretum and Pukeiti, (New Zealand) (d. 1967)
* 1885 – Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet (d. 1922)
* 1889 – Juliette Béliveau, Quebec comedian (d. 1975)
* 1891 – Ormer Locklear, American movie stunt pilot (d. 1920)
* 1892 – Dink Johnson, American musician (d. 1954)
* 1896 – Howard Hanson, American composer (d. 1981)
* 1897 – Edith Head, American costume designer (d. 1981)
* 1901 – Eileen Shanahan, Irish Poet (d. 1979)
* 1902 – Elsa Lanchester, British-born actress (d. 1986)
* 1903 – Evelyn Waugh, English writer (d. 1966)
* 1907 – John Hewitt, Northern Irish poet (d. 1987)
* 1908 – Arturo Frondizi, President of Argentina (d. 1995)
* 1909 – Francis Bacon, Anglo-Irish painter (d. 1992)
* 1912 – Richard Doll, English epidemiologist (d. 2005)
* 1913 – Douglas Seale, English actor (d. 1999)
* 1914 – Glenn Robert Davis, U.S. Congressman (d. 1988)
* 1914 – Jonas Salk, American biologist and physician (d. 1995)
* 1914 – Richard Laurence Millington Synge, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
* 1917 – Jack Soo, American actor (d. 1979)
* 1921 – Azumafuji Kin'ichi, Japanese sumo wrestler (the 40th Yokozuna) and professional wrestler (d. 1973)
* 1922 – Gershon Kingsley, German composer
* 1922 – Butch van Breda Kolff, American basketball coach (d. 2007)
* 1922 – Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwe politician (d. 2003)
* 1924 – Antonio Creus, Spanish racecar driver (d. 1996)
* 1925 – Ian Hamilton Finlay, Scottish poet, writer, artist and gardener (d. 2006)
* 1926 – Bowie Kuhn, American Commissioner of Baseball (d. 2007)
* 1927 – Dame Cleo Laine, British singer
* 1927 – Roza Makagonova, Russian actress (d. 1995)
* 1928 – Ion Mihai Pacepa, Romanian general
* 1928 – Iry LeJeune, Cajun musician (d. 1955)
* 1929 – Joan Plowright, British actress
* 1929 – Marcel Bozzuffi, French actor (d. 1988)
* 1929 – John Hollander, American poet
* 1930 – Bernie Ecclestone, English motorsports impresario (F1)
* 1932 – Suzy Parker, American actress (d. 2003)
* 1932 – Spyros Kyprianou, a President of Cyprus
* 1933 – Garrincha, Brazilian footballer (d. 1983)
* 1935 – Alan Clarke, British film director (d. 1990)
* 1936 – Charlie Daniels, American musician
* 1936 – Carl Davis, American-born musical conductor and composer
* 1937 – Lenny Wilkens, American basketball player and coach
* 1938 – Dave Budd, American basketball player
* 1938 – David Dimbleby, English television commentator
* 1938 – Anne Perry, English-born novelist
* 1939 – Jane Alexander, American actress
* 1939 – Miroslav Cerar, Yugoslav gymnast
* 1940 – Susan Harris, American television writer and producer
* 1941 – John Hallam, Irish actor (d. 2006)
* 1941 – Hank Marvin, English guitarist
* 1941 – Curtis Lee, American singer
* 1942 – Kees Verkerk, Dutch speed skater
* 1943 – Conny Froboess, German singer
* 1943 – Charo López, Spanish actress
* 1944 – Dennis Franz, American actor
* 1944 – Anton Schlecker, German billionaire
* 1944 – Coluche, French comedian and actor (d. 1986)
* 1945 – Elton Dean, English musician (Soft Machine) (d. 2006)
* 1945 – Wayne Fontana, British singer (The Mindbenders)
* 1946 – Wim Jansen, Dutch footballer and coach
* 1946 – John Hewson, Australian politician
* 1948 – Telma Hopkins, American singer and actress (Tony Orlando and Dawn)
* 1949 – Bruce Jenner, American athlete
* 1949 – Tracy Reed, American actress
* 1950 – Sihem Bensedrine, Tunisian human rights activist
* 1950 – Ludo Delcroix, Belgian cyclist
* 1952 – Annie Potts, American actress
* 1953 – Pierre Boivin, Canadian businessman and hockey executive
* 1953 – Desmond Child, American songwriter
* 1955 – Bill Gates, American software executive
* 1956 – Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President of Iran
* 1956 – Dave Wyndorf, American singer (Monster Magnet)
* 1957 – Stephen Morris, British musician (Joy Division and New Order)
* 1957 – Zach Wamp, American politician
* 1958 – William Reid, Scottish musician (The Jesus and Mary Chain)
* 1958 – Ashok Chavan, Indian politician
* 1959 – Randy Wittman, American basketball player
* 1960 – Landon Curt Noll, Astronomer, Cryptographer and Mathematician: youngest to hold the world record for the largest known prime 3 times
* 1960 – Mark Derwin, American actor
* 1962 – Daphne Zuniga, American actress
* 1962 – Scotty Nguyen, Vietnamese-American professional poker player
* 1962 – Erik Thorstvedt, Norwegian footballer
* 1963 – Lauren Holly, American actress
* 1963 – James Miller, the "Fan Man" (d. 2002)
* 1963 – Eros Ramazzotti, Italian singer
* 1963 – Sheryl Underwood, American actress and Zeta Phi Beta President
* 1965 – Jami Gertz, American actress
* 1966 – Steve Atwater, American football player
* 1966 – Andy Richter, American comedian and actor
* 1966 – Aris Spiliotopoulos, Greek politician
* 1967 – Julia Roberts, American actress
* 1967 – Monica Chan, Hong Kong actress and winner of 1989 Miss Hong Kong Pageant
* 1967 – John Romero, American video game designer
* 1967 – Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein
* 1967 – Kevin Macdonald, Scottish film director
* 1968 – Marc Lièvremont, French rugby union footballer and coach
* 1969 – Ben Harper, American musician
* 1969 – Javier Grillo-Marxuach, Puerto Rican screenwriter and producer
* 1972 – Terrell Davis, American football player
* 1972 – Brad Paisley, American musician
* 1973 – Alvin Burke, Jr., American professional wrestler
* 1974 – Joaquin Phoenix, American actor
* 1974 – Vicente Moreno, Spanish footballer
* 1974 – Braden Looper, American baseball player
* 1974 – Dejan Stefanović, Serbian footballer
* 1974 – Dayanara Torres, Puerto Rican actress and beauty queen
* 1976 – Keiron Cunningham, Welsh rugby league player
* 1977 – Lauren Woodland, American actress
* 1978 – Marta Etura, Spanish actress
* 1978 – Justin Guarini, American singer
* 1979 – Martin Škoula, Czech ice hockey player
* 1980 – Christy Hemme, American professional wrestler
* 1980 – Kanzi, American literate bonobo
* 1980 – Dimitri Liakopoulos, Greek actor
* 1980 – Alan Smith, English footballer
* 1981 – Solomon Andargachew, Ethiopian footballer
* 1981 – Milan Baroš, Czech footballer
* 1981 – Nate McLouth, American baseball player
* 1981 – Nick Montgomery, English footballer
* 1982 – Jeremy Bonderman, American baseball player
* 1982 – Mai Kuraki, Japanese singer
* 1982 – Anthony Lerew, American baseball player
* 1982 – Matt Smith, English actor
* 1983 – Jarrett Jack, American basketball player
* 1984 – Amanda Paige, American model
* 1984 – Obafemi Martins, Nigerian footballer
* 1984 – Bryn Evans, New Zealand All Black rugby player
* 1986 – Anthony Griffith, English footballer
* 1988 – Devon Murray, Irish singer and actor

October 28 in History

October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 64 days remaining until the end of the year.

* 97 – Emperor Nerva is forced by the Praetorian Guard, to adopt general Marcus Ulpius Trajanus as his heir and successor.
* 306 – Maxentius is proclaimed Roman Emperor.
* 312 – Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine I defeats Maxentius, becoming the sole Roman Emperor.
* 1061 – Empress Agnes, acting as Regent for her son, brings about the election of Bishop Cadalus, the Antipope Honorius II.
* 1516 – Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza.
* 1531 – Battle of Amba Sel: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi again defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia. The southern part of Ethiopia falls under Imam Ahmad's control.
* 1538 – The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established.
* 1628 – The Siege of La Rochelle, which had lasted for 14 months, ends with the surrender of the Huguenots.
* 1636 – A vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony establishes the first college in what would become the United States, today known as Harvard University.
* 1664 – The Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established.
* 1707 – The 1707 Hōei earthquake causes more than 5,000 deaths in Honshu, Shikoku and Kyūshū, Japan
* 1775 – American Revolutionary War: A British proclamation forbids residents from leaving Boston.
* 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of White Plains – British Army forces arrive at White Plains, attack and capture Chatterton Hill from the Americans.
* 1834 – The Battle of Pinjarra is fought in the Swan River Colony in present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. Between 14 and 40 Aborigines are killed by British colonists.
* 1848 – The first railroad in Spain – between Barcelona and Mataró – is opened.
* 1864 – American Civil War: Second Battle of Fair Oaks ends – Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant withdraw from Fair Oaks, Virginia, after failing to breach the Confederate defenses around Richmond, Virginia.
* 1885 – First porcelain toilet is built
* 1886 – In New York Harbor, President Grover Cleveland dedicates the Statue of Liberty.
* 1891 – The Mino-Owari Earthquake, the largest earthquake in Japan's history, strikes Gifu Prefecture.
* 1893 – Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 6 in B Minor, Pathétique, receives its première performance in St. Petersburg, only nine days before the composer's death.
* 1918 – World War I: Czechoslovakia is granted independence from Austria-Hungary marking the beginning of independent Czechoslovak state, after 300 years.
* 1918 – New Polish government in Western Galicia is established.
* 1919 – The U.S. Congress passes the Volstead Act over President Woodrow Wilson's veto, paving the way for Prohibition to begin the following January.
* 1922 – March on Rome: Italian fascists led by Benito Mussolini march on Rome and take over the Italian government.
* 1929 – Black Monday, a day in the Wall Street Crash of 1929, which also saw major stock market upheaval.
* 1936 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt rededicates the Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary.
* 1940 – World War II: Greece rejects Italy's ultimatum. Italy invades Greece through Albania, marking Greece's entry into World War II.
* 1942 – The Alaska Highway (Alcan Highway) is completed through Canada to Fairbanks, Alaska.
* 1948 – Swiss chemist Paul Müller is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the insecticidal properties of DDT.
* 1954 – The modern Kingdom of the Netherlands is re-founded as a federal monarchy.
* 1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet Union leader Nikita Khrushchev announces that he had ordered the removal of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.
* 1964 – Vietnam War: U.S. officials deny any involvement in bombing North Vietnam.
* 1965 – Nostra Aetate, the "Declaration on the Relation of the Church with Non-Christian Religions" of the Second Vatican Council, is promulgated by Pope Paul VI; it absolves the Jews of responsibility for the death of Jesus, reversing Innocent III's 760 year-old declaration.
* 1965 – Construction on the St. Louis Arch is completed.
* 1970 – Gary Gabelich sets a land speed record in a rocket-powered automobile called the Blue Flame, fueled with natural gas.
* 1971 – Britain launches its first satellite, Prospero, into low Earth orbit atop a Black Arrow carrier rocket.
* 1982 – Spanish Socialist Workers' Party wins elections, leading to first Socialist government in Spain after death of Franco. Felipe Gonzalez becomes Prime Minister-elect.
* 1985 – Sandinista Daniel Ortega becomes president of Nicaragua and vows to continue the transformation to socialism and alliance with the Soviet Union and Cuba; American policy continues to support the Contras in their revolt against the Nicaraguan government.
* 1986 – The centenary of the dedication of the Statue of Liberty is celebrated in New York Harbor.
* 1995 – 289 people are killed and 265 injured in Baku Metro fire, the deadliest subway disaster.
* 1998 – An Air China jetliner is hijacked by disgruntled pilot Yuan Bin and flown to Taiwan.
* 2005 – Plame affair: Lewis Libby, Vice-president Dick Cheney's chief of staff, is indicted in the Valerie Plame case. Libby resigns later that day.
* 2006 – Funeral service takes place for those executed at Bykivnia forest, outside Kiev, Ukraine. 817 Ukrainian civilians (out of some 100,000) executed by Bolsheviks at Bykivnia in 1930s – early 1940s are reburied.
* 2007 – Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner becomes the first woman elected President of Argentina.
* 2009 – The 28 October 2009 Peshawar bombing kills 117 and wounds 213.
* 2009 – NASA successfully launches the Ares I-X mission, the only rocket launch for its later-cancelled Constellation program.

Wednesday, October 27, 2010

October 27 Birthdays

* 1156 – Count Raymond VI of Toulouse (d. 1222)
* 1401 – Catherine of Valois, queen of Henry V of England (d. 1437)
* 1466 – Erasmus, Dutch humanist and theologian (d. 1536)
* 1728 – James Cook, British naval captain and explorer (d. 1779)
* 1744 – Mary Moser, English painter (d. 1819)
* 1760 – August von Gneisenau, Prussian field marshal (d. 1831)
* 1782 – Niccolò Paganini, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1840)
* 1811 – Isaac Singer, American inventor (d. 1875)
* 1811 – Stevens Thomson Mason, first Governor of Michigan (d. 1843)
* 1814 – Daniel H. Wells, Mormon leader and politician (d. 1891)
* 1838 – John Davis Long, 32nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1915)
* 1842 – Giovanni Giolitti, Italian statesman (d. 1928)
* 1844 – Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Swedish writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1916)
* 1854 – Sir William Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys' Brigade (d. 1914)
* 1858 – Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1919)
* 1865 – Charles Spencelayh, English painter (d. 1958)
* 1869 – Viola Allen, actress, (d. 1948)
* 1873 – Emily Post, American etiquette author (d. 1960)
* 1877 – George Thompson, English cricketer (d. 1943)
* 1885 – Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter (d. 1948)
* 1894 – Oliver Leese, British general (d. 1978)
* 1896 – Edith Brown, survivor of the Titanic (d. 1997)
* 1904 – Erno Schwarz, Hungarian American soccer player (d. 1974)
* 1906 – Earle Cabell, American politician (d. 1975)
* 1906 – Kazuo Ohno, Japanese dancer
* 1908 – Lee Krasner, American painter (d. 1984)
* 1910 – Jack Carson, Canadian actor (d. 1963)
* 1911 – Leif Erickson, American actor and singer (d. 1986)
* 1913 – Joe Medicine Crow, American tribal historian and anthropologist
* 1914 – Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet (d. 1953)
* 1915 – Harry Saltzman, American film producer (d. 1994)
* 1917 – Augustine Harris, British Bishop of Middlesbrough (d. 2007)
* 1917 – Oliver Tambo, South African freedom fighter (d. 1993)
* 1918 – Teresa Wright, American actress (d. 2005)
* 1920 – Nanette Fabray, American actress
* 1920 – K. R. Narayanan, 10th President of India (d. 2005)
* 1921 – Warren Allen Smith, American encyclopedist
* 1922 – Poul Bundgaard, Danish actor and singer (d. 1998)
* 1922 – Michel Galabru, French actor
* 1922 – Ralph Kiner, American baseball player
* 1924 – Ruby Dee, American actress
* 1925 – Warren Christopher, US diplomat (1993–1997)
* 1926 – H.R. Haldeman, American political personality (d. 1993)
* 1928 – Gilles Vigneault, Canadian poet, singer and songwriter
* 1929 – Maurice Robert Johnston, English Lieutenant-General
* 1931 – Nawal el-Saadawi, Egyptian writer
* 1932 – Sylvia Plath, American poet (d. 1963)
* 1932 – Jean-Pierre Cassel, French actor (d. 2007)
* 1933 – Floyd Cramer, American popular pianist (d. 1997)
* 1934 – Giorgos Konstantinou, Greek actor and director
* 1935 – Frank Adonis, American actor
* 1937 – Lara Parker, American actress
* 1939 – John Cleese, British actor and writer
* 1940 – John Gotti, American crime boss (d. 2002)
* 1940 – Maxine Hong Kingston, American writer
* 1941 – Dick Trickle, American auto racer
* 1942 – Lee Greenwood, American singer
* 1942 – Janusz Korwin-Mikke, Polish politician
* 1943 – Carmen Argenziano, American actor
* 1943 – Jerry Rook, American basketball player
* 1945 – Luis Inácio Lula da Silva, President of Brazil
* 1945 – John Kane, actor/writer
* 1946 – Carrie Snodgress, American actress (d. 2004)
* 1946 – Ivan Reitman, Czechoslovakian-born Canadian film actor, producer and director
* 1949 – Garry Tallent, American bass player (E Street Band)
* 1949 – Clifford Antone, American businessman (d. 2006)
* 1950 – Fran Lebowitz, American writer
* 1951 – K.K. Downing, English guitarist (Judas Priest)
* 1951 – Carlos Frenk, Mexican/British cosmologist
* 1951 – Nancy Jacobs, American politician
* 1951 – Éric Morena, French singer
* 1952 – Hameed Haroon, Pakistani publisher
* 1952 – Roberto Benigni, Italian director and actor
* 1952 – Topi Sorsakoski, Finnish singer
* 1953 – Peter Firth, British actor
* 1953 – Robert Picardo, American actor
* 1954 – Jan Duursema, American comic book artist
* 1955 – Debra Bowen, American politician
* 1956 – Jaq D. Hawkins, British author, occultist and lecturer
* 1956 – Veronica Hart, American porn actress
* 1957 – Jeff East, American actor
* 1957 – Glenn Hoddle, English footballer
* 1958 – Simon Le Bon, English singer (Duran Duran)
* 1958 – Lee Carter, American jurist
* 1958 – Felix Wurman, American cellist and composer (d. 2009)
* 1959 – Rick Carlisle, American basketball coach
* 1960 – Tom Nieto, American baseball player
* 1963 – Marla Maples, American actress and model
* 1963 – Farin Urlaub, German singer and guitarist (Die Ärzte)
* 1964 – Mark Taylor, Australian test cricket captain (1994-1999)
* 1966 – Matt Drudge, American blogger
* 1966 – Hege Nerland, Norwegian politician (d. 2007)
* 1967 – Simone Moro, Italian mountaineer
* 1967 – Steve Almond, American author
* 1967 – Dejan Raičković, Montenegrin footballer
* 1967 – Scott Weiland, American singer (Stone Temple Pilots and Velvet Revolver)
* 1968 – Vinny Samways, English footballer
* 1969 – Peter O'Meara,Irish Actor
* 1970 – Felix Bwalya, Zambian boxer
* 1970 – Adrian Erlandsson, Swedish drummer (Cradle of Filth)
* 1970 – Alama Ieremia, New Zealand rugby union player
* 1971 – Jade Arcade, American comics artist and writer
* 1971 – Stefano Guidoni, Italian footballer
* 1971 – Jorge Soto, Peruvian footballer
* 1971 – Theodoros Zagorakis, Greek footballer
* 1972 – Lee Clark, English footballer
* 1972 – Elissa, Lebanese singer
* 1972 – Evan Coyne Maloney, American filmmaker
* 1972 – Brad Radke, American baseball player
* 1972 – Marika Krook, Finnish singer (Edea)
* 1972 – Maria de Lurdes Mutola, Mozambican athlete
* 1973 – Jason Johnson, American baseball pitcher (Cincinnati Reds)
* 1975 – Zadie Smith, British novelist
* 1975 – Nicola Mazzucato, Italian rugby union player and coach
* 1976 – Wilson Júnior, Brazilian footballer
* 1977 – Jiří Jarosík, Czech footballer
* 1977 – Kumar Sangakkara, Sri Lankan cricketer
* 1978 – Sergei Samsonov, Russian ice hockey player
* 1978 – Vanessa-Mae, Singapore musician
* 1978 – Stephanie Abrams, on-camera meteorologist for The Weather Channel
* 1980 – Tanel Padar, Estonian singer
* 1981 – Han Hye-jin, South Korean actress
* 1981 – Kristi Richards, Canadian freestyle skier
* 1981 – Salem Al Fakir, Swedish musician and singer
* 1982 – Patrick Fugit, American actor
* 1982 – Dennis Moran, American computer hacker
* 1982 – Takashi Tsukamoto, Japanese actor
* 1983 – Brent Clevlen, American baseball player
* 1983 – Martín Prado, Venezuelan baseball player
* 1984 – Bam Doyne, American basketball player
* 1984 – Kelly Osbourne, English television personality
* 1984 – Irfan Pathan, Indian cricketer
* 1984 – Brady Quinn, American football player
* 1986 – Matty Pattison, English footballer
* 1986 – Jon Niese, American baseball player
* 1987 – Andrew Bynum, American basketball player
* 1987 – Guillaume Franke, French-born German rugby player
* 1987 – Victor Genev, Bulgarian footballer
* 1987 – Yi Jianlian, Chinese basketball player (birth date disputed)
* 1988 – Evan Turner, American Basketball Player; Philadelphia 76ers
* 1989 – Erik Kloeker, American juggler
* 1994 – Eddie Alderson, American actor
* 1995 – Cooper Pillot, American actor
* 1997 – Eden Taylor-Draper, English actress

October 27 in History

October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 65 days remaining until the end of the year.

* 312 – Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross.
* 710 – Saracen invasion of Sardinia.
* 939 – Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England.
* 1275 – Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam.
* 1524 – Italian Wars: The French troops lay siege to Pavia.
* 1553 – Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus is burned at the stake just outside Geneva.
* 1644 – Second Battle of Newbury in the English Civil War.
* 1682 – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is founded.
* 1795 – The United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Madrid, which establishes the boundaries between Spanish colonies and the U.S.
* 1806 – The French Army enters Berlin.
* 1810 – United States annexes the former Spanish colony of West Florida.
* 1838 – Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs issues the Extermination Order, which orders all Mormons to leave the state or be exterminated.
* 1870 – Marshal François Achille Bazaine surrenders to Prussian forces at Metz along with 140,000 French soldiers in one of the biggest French defeats of the Franco-Prussian War.
* 1904 – The first underground New York City Subway line opens; the system becomes the biggest in United States, and one of the biggest in world.
* 1914 – World War I: The British super-dreadnought battleship HMS Audacious (23,400 tons), is sunk off Tory Island, north-west of Ireland, by a minefield laid by the armed German merchant-cruiser Berlin.
* 1916 – Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari abte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
* 1922 – A referendum in Rhodesia rejects the country's annexation to the South African Union.
* 1924 – The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union.
* 1936 – Mrs Wallis Simpson files for divorce which would eventually allow her to marry King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, thus forcing his abdication from the throne.
* 1948 – Léopold Sédar Senghor founds the Senegalese Democratic Bloc.
* 1953 – British nuclear test Totem 2 is carried out at Emu Field, South Australia.
* 1954 – Benjamin O. Davis Jr. becomes the first African-American general in the United States Air Force.
* 1958 – Iskander Mirza, the first President of Pakistan, is deposed in a bloodless coup d'état by General Ayub Khan, who had been appointed the enforcer of martial law by Mirza 20 days earlier.
* 1961 – NASA launches the first Saturn I rocket in Mission Saturn-Apollo 1.
* 1961 – Mauritania and Mongolia join the United Nations.
* 1962 – Major Rudolf Anderson of the United States Air Force becomes the only direct human casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis when his U-2 reconnaissance airplane is shot down in Cuba by a Soviet-supplied SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile.
* 1962 – A plane carrying Enrico Mattei, post-war Italian administrator, crashes in mysterious circumstances.
* 1964 – Ronald Reagan delivers a speech on behalf of Republican candidate for president, Barry Goldwater. The speech launched his political career and came to be known as "A Time for Choosing".
* 1967 Catholic priest Philip Berrigan and others of the Baltimore Four protest the Vietnam War by pouring blood on Selective Service records.
* 1971 – The Democratic Republic of the Congo is renamed Zaire.
* 1973 – The Cañon City meteorite, a 1.4 kg chondrite type meteorite, strikes in Fremont County, Colorado.
* 1981 – The Soviet submarine U 137 runs aground on the east coast of Sweden.
* 1986 – The British government suddenly deregulates financial markets, leading to a total restructuring of the way in which they operate in the country, in an event now referred to as the Big Bang.
* 1988 – Ronald Reagan decides to tear down the new U.S. Embassy in Moscow because of Soviet listening devices in the building structure.
* 1991 – Turkmenistan achieves independence from the Soviet Union.
* 1992 – United States Navy radioman Allen R. Schindler, Jr. is brutally murdered by shipmate Terry M. Helvey for being gay, precipitating first military, then national, debate about gays in the military that resulted in the United States "Don't ask, don't tell" military policy.
* 1994 – The U.S. prison population tops 1 million for the first time in American history.
* 1994 – Gliese 229B is the first Substellar Mass Object to be unquestionably identified.
* 1995 – Latvia applies for membership in the European Union.
* 1995 – Former Prime Minister of Italy Bettino Craxi is convicted in absentia of corruption.
* 1997 – October 27, 1997 mini-crash: Stock markets around the world crash because of fears of a global economic meltdown. The Dow Jones Industrial Average plummets 554.26 points to 7,161.15. For the first time, the New York Stock Exchange activates its "circuit breakers" twice during the day eventually making the controversial move of closing the Exchange early.
* 1999 – Gunmen open fire in the Armenian Parliament, killing Prime Minister Vazgen Sargsyan, Parliament Chairman Karen Demirchyan, and 6 other members.
* 2004 – The Boston Red Sox win the World Series for the first time in 86 years.
* 2005 – Riots begin in Paris after the deaths of two Muslim teenagers.
* 2005 – The SSETI Express micro-satellite is successfully launched from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome.

[edit] Births

Tuesday, October 26, 2010

October 26 Birthdays

* 1427 – Archduke Sigismund of Austria (d. 1496)
* 1473 – Friedrich of Saxony (d. 1510)
* 1491 – Emperor Zhengde of China (d. 1521)
* 1609 – William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1675)
* 1673 – Dimitrie Cantemir, Moldavian prince, linguist, and scholar (d. 1723)
* 1684 – Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal (d. 1757)
* 1685 – Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer (d. 1757)
* 1694 – Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer (d. 1758)
* 1757 – Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (d. 1823)
* 1759 – Georges Jacques Danton, French Revolutionary leader (d. 1794)
* 1768 – Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (d. 1844)
* 1794 – Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (d. 1881)
* 1795 – Nikolaos Mantzaros, Greek composer (d. 1872)
* 1797 – Giuditta Pasta, Italian soprano (d. 1865)
* 1800 – Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Prussian field marshal (d. 1891)
* 1802 – King Miguel of Portugal (d. 1866)
* 1803 – Joseph Hansom, English architect and inventor (d. 1882)
* 1842 – Vasili Vasilyevich Vereshchagin, Russian painter (d. 1904)
* 1849 – Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (d. 1917)
* 1854 – C. W. Post, American entrepreneur (d. 1914)
* 1865 – Benjamin Guggenheim, American businessman (d. 1912)
* 1869 – Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, President of Brazil (d. 1957)
* 1871 – Guillermo Kahlo, father of Frida Kahlo (d. 1941)
* 1873 – Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark (d. 1942)
* 1873 – A. K. Fazlul Huq, Sher-E-Bangla (Tiger Of Bengal) (d. 1962)
* 1874 – Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, American socialite and philanthropist (d. 1948)
* 1874 – Martin Lowry, British chemist (d. 1936)
* 1880 – Andrei Bely, Russian writer (d. 1934)
* 1883 – Napoleon Hill, American writer and philosopher (d. 1970)
* 1883 – Paul Pilgrim, American athlete (d. 1958)
* 1888 – Nestor Ivanovich Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist (d. 1934)
* 1899 – Judy Johnson, American baseball player (d. 1989)
* 1902 – Beryl Markham, Kenyan horse trainer and author (d. 1986)
* 1902 – Jack Sharkey, American boxer (d. 1994)
* 1905 – George Flahiff, Canadian Cardinal (d. 1989)
* 1906 – Primo Carnera, Italian boxer (d. 1967)
* 1909 – Dante Quinterno, Argentine comics artist (d. 2003)
* 1911 – Sid Gilman, American football player (d. 2003)
* 1911 – Mahalia Jackson, American singer (d. 1972)
* 1911 – Sorley MacLean, Scottish poet (d. 1996)
* 1912 – Don Siegel, American director (d. 1991)
* 1913 – Charlie Barnet, American jazz saxophonist and bandleader (d. 1991)
* 1914 – Jackie Coogan, American actor (d. 1984)
* 1915 – Joe Fry, British racing driver (d. 1950)
* 1916 – François Mitterrand, President of France (d. 1996)
* 1916 – Boyd Wagner, First USAAF fighter ace of WWII (d. 1942)
* 1919 – Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran, Shah of Iran (d. 1980)
* 1919 – Edward Brooke, American politician
* 1919 – Frank Bourgholtzer, American television correspondent (d. 2010)
* 1921 – George Forrest, Northern Irish MP (d. 1968)
* 1925 – Jan Wolkers, Dutch author (d. 2007)
* 1928 – Francisco Solano López, Argentine comics artist
* 1929 – Neal Matthews, Jr., American singer (The Jordanaires) (d. 2000)
* 1933 – Takis Kanellopoulos, Greek film director and screenwriter (d. 1990)
* 1934 – Hans-Joachim Rödelius, German composer and musician (Cluster, Harmonia)
* 1936 – Shelley Morrison, American actress
* 1940 – John Horgan (academic), Singer/Songwriter
* 1941 – Charlie Landsborough, Singer/Songwriter
* 1942 – Bob Hoskins, British actor
* 1945 – Pat Conroy, American writer
* 1945 – Demetris Th. Gotsis, Greek poet and author
* 1946 – Pat Sajak, American game show host
* 1946 – Holly Woodlawn, Puerto Rican actress
* 1946 – Keith Hopwood, British musician (Herman's Hermits)
* 1947 – Hillary Rodham Clinton, 67th United States Secretary of State
* 1947 – Jaclyn Smith, American actress
* 1947 – Trevor Joyce, Irish poet
* 1947 – Ian Ashley, British racing driver
* 1947 – Ricardo Asch, Argentine physician and figure in University of California, Irvine fertility scandal
* 1948 – Toby Harrah, American baseball player
* 1949 – Steve Rogers, American baseball player
* 1949 – Antonio Carpio, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
* 1949 – Kevin Sullivan, American professional wrestler
* 1951 – Bootsy Collins, American musician (P Funk)
* 1951 – Tommy Mars, American keyboard player Frank Zappa
* 1951 – Julian Schnabel, American filmmaker
* 1952 – Andrew Motion, English poet and Poet Laureate
* 1953 – Rosa Monckton, English fundraiser
* 1953 – Keith Strickland, American musician (The B-52's)
* 1954 – Vassilis Hatzipanagis, Greek footballer
* 1956 – Stephen Gumley, Australian businessman
* 1956 – Rita Wilson, American actress
* 1957 – Bob Golic, American football player
* 1957 – Julie Dawn Cole, actress
* 1959 – Evo Morales, President of Bolivia
* 1959 – François Chau, Cambodian actor
* 1959 – Paul Farmer, American Anthropologist
* 1959 – Brian Bovell, British actor
* 1960 – June Brigman, American comic book artist
* 1960 – Patrick Breen, American actor
* 1961 – Dylan McDermott, American actor
* 1961 – Gerald Malloy, American politician
* 1962 – Cary Elwes, British actor
* 1963 – Natalie Merchant, American singer
* 1963 – Ted Demme, American film and television director (d. 2002)
* 1964 – Thomas Cavanagh, Canadian actor
* 1965 – Aaron Kwok Fu-Shing, Hong Kong singer
* 1965 – Kelly Rowan, Canadian actress and producer.
* 1966 – Jane Hajduk, American actress
* 1966 – Steve Valentine, British actor
* 1966 – Jeanne Zelasko, American sportcaster
* 1966 – Masaharu Iwata, Japanese composer
* 1967 – Keith Urban, New Zealand singer
* 1970 – Lisa Ryder, Canadian actress
* 1970 – Dian Bachar, American actor
* 1971 – Anthony Rapp, American singer and actor
* 1973 – Seth MacFarlane, American animator
* 1973 – Taka Michinoku, Japanese professional wrestler
* 1973 – Austin Healey, English rugby player
* 1974 – Lisa, Japanese musician
* 1974 – Raveena Tandon, Indian actress
* 1976 – Miikka Kiprusoff, Finnish hockey player
* 1977 – Jon Heder, American actor
* 1977 – Bakar Ibor, Comorian footballer
* 1978 – Jimmy Aggrey, English footballer
* 1978 – Eva Kaili, Greek TV presenter and politician
* 1978 – CM Punk, American professional wrestler
* 1978 – Dave Zastudil, American football player
* 1979 – Movsar Barayev, Chechen militant (d. 2002)
* 1980 – Cristian Chivu, Romanian footballer
* 1981 – Sam Brown, American comedian
* 1981 – Guy Sebastian, Australian singer
* 1982 – Adam Carroll, British racing driver
* 1983 – Francisco Liriano, Dominican baseball player
* 1983 – Dmitri Sychev, Russian footballer
* 1983 – Luke Watson, South African rugby player
* 1984 – Sasha Cohen, American figure skater
* 1984 – Martin Burke, Irish actor
* 1984 – Adriano Correia Claro, Brazilian footballer
* 1984 – Jefferson Farfán, Peruvian footballer
* 1984 – Amanda Overmyer, American singer
* 1985 – Andrea Bargnani, Italian basketball player
* 1985 – Monta Ellis, American basketball player
* 1985 – Asin Thottumkal, Indian actress
* 1985 – Kieran Read, New Zealand rugby player
* 1987 – Shawn Lauvao, American football player
* 1988 – Greg Zuerlein, American ice dancer
* 2000 – Ellery Sprayberry, American actress

October 26

October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 66 days remaining until the end of the year.
* 306 – Martyrdom of Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki
* 1597 – Imjin War: Admiral Yi Sun-sin routs the Japanese Navy of 300 ships with only 13 ships at the Battle of Myeongnyang.
* 1640 – The Treaty of Ripon is signed, restoring peace between Scotland and Charles I of England.
* 1689 – General Piccolomini of Austria burned down Skopje to prevent the spread of cholera. He died of cholera himself soon after.
* 1774 – The first Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
* 1775 – King George III goes before Parliament to declare the American colonies in rebellion, and authorized a military response to quell the American Revolution.
* 1776 – Benjamin Franklin departs from America for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution.
* 1795 – The French Directory, a five-man revolutionary government, is created.
* 1811 – The Argentine government declare the freedom of expression for the press by decree.
* 1825 – The Erie Canal opens – passage from Albany, New York to Lake Erie.
* 1859 – The Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead.
* 1860 – Meeting of Teano. Giuseppe Garibaldi, conqueror of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies, gives it to King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy.
* 1861 – The Pony Express officially ceased operations.
* 1881 – The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral takes place at Tombstone, Arizona.
* 1905 – Norway becomes independent from Sweden.
* 1909 – Itō Hirobumi, Resident-General of Korea, was shot to death by Korean independence supporter Ahn Jung-geun at the Harbin train station in Manchuria.
* 1912 – First Balkan War: The capital city of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, is unified with Greece on the feast day of its patron Saint Demetrius. On the same day, Serbian troops captured Skopje.
* 1917 – World War I: Battle of Caporetto; Italy suffers a catastrophic defeat at the forces of Austria-Hungary and Germany. The young unknown Oberleutnant Erwin Rommel captures Mount Matajur with only 100 Germans against a force of over 7000 Italians.
* 1917 – World War I: Brazil declared in state of war with Central Powers.
* 1918 – Erich Ludendorff, quartermaster-general of the Imperial German Army, is dismissed by Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany for refusing to cooperate in peace negotiations.
* 1921 – The Chicago Theatre opens.
* 1936 – The first electric generator at Hoover Dam goes into full operation.
* 1940 – The P-51 Mustang makes its maiden flight.
* 1942 – World War II: In the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands during the Guadalcanal Campaign, one U.S. aircraft carrier, Hornet, is sunk and another aircraft carrier, Enterprise, is heavily damaged.
* 1943 – World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil".
* 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Leyte Gulf ends with an overwhelming American victory.
* 1947 – The Maharaja of Kashmir agrees to allow his kingdom to join India.
* 1948 – Killer smog settles into Donora, Pennsylvania.
* 1955 – After the last Allied troops have left the country and following the provisions of the Austrian Independence Treaty, Austria declares permanent neutrality.
* 1955 – Ngô Đình Diệm declares himself Premier of South Vietnam.
* 1958 – Pan American Airways makes the first commercial flight of the Boeing 707 from New York City to Paris, France.
* 1959 – The world sees the far side of the Moon for the first time.
* 1964 – Eric Edgar Cooke becomes last person in Western Australia to be executed.
* 1967 – Mohammad Reza Pahlavi crowns himself Emperor of Iran and then crowns his wife Farah Empress of Iran.
* 1977 – The last natural case of smallpox is discovered in Merca district, Somalia. The WHO and the CDC consider this date the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination.
* 1979 – Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea is assassinated by KCIA head Kim Jae-kyu. Choi Kyu-ha becomes the acting President; Kim is executed the following May.
* 1984 – "Baby Fae" receives a heart transplant from a baboon.
* 1985 – The Australian government returns ownership of Uluru to the local Pitjantjatjara Aborigines.
* 1992 – The Charlottetown Accord fails to win majority support in a Canada wide referendum.
* 1992 – The London Ambulance Service is thrown into chaos after the implementation of a new CAD, or Computer Aided Despatch, system which failed.
* 1994 – Jordan and Israel sign a peace treaty
* 1995 – Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Mossad agents assassinate Islamic Jihad leader Fathi Shikaki in his hotel in Malta.
* 1999 – Britain's House of Lords votes to end the right of hereditary peers to vote in Britain's upper chamber of Parliament.
* 2000 – Laurent Gbagbo takes over as president of Côte d'Ivoire following a popular uprising against President Robert Guéï.
* 2001 – The United States passes the USA PATRIOT Act into law.
* 2002 – Moscow Theatre Siege: Approximately 50 Chechen terrorists and 150 hostages die when Russian Spetsnaz storm a theater building in Moscow, which had been occupied by the terrorists during a musical performance three days before.
* 2003 – The Cedar Fire, the second-largest fire in California history, kills 15 people, consumes 250,000 acres (1,000 km²), and destroys 2,200 homes around San Diego.

Monday, October 25, 2010

October 25 Birthdays

* 1102 – William Clito, Count of Flanders (d. 1128)
* 1330 – Louis II of Flanders (d. 1384)
* 1510 – Renée of France, French princess (d. 1574)
* 1683 – Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician (d. 1757)
* 1759 – Maria Feodorovna (Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg), Russian empress (d. 1828)
* 1759 – William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, British politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1834)
* 1767 – Benjamin Constant, Swiss writer (d. 1830)
* 1772 – Geraud Duroc, French general (d. 1813)
* 1782 – Levi Lincoln, Jr., 13th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1868)
* 1802 – Joseph Montferrand, Canadian logger and strong man (d. 1864)
* 1806 – Max Stirner, German philosopher (d. 1856)
* 1811 – Évariste Galois, French mathematician (d. 1832)
* 1825 – Johann Strauss II, Austrian composer (d. 1899)
* 1838 – Georges Bizet, French composer (d. 1875)
* 1856 – Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger, Croatian paleontologist (d. 1936)
* 1864 – Alexander Gretchaninov, Russian composer (d. 1956)
* 1864 – John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (d. 1920)
* 1867 – Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general (d. 1937)
* 1881 – Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 1973)
* 1886 – Leo G. Carroll, English actor (d. 1972)
* 1888 – Richard E. Byrd, American explorer (d. 1957)
* 1888 – Nils von Dardel, Swedish painter (d. 1943)
* 1889 – Abel Gance, French film director (d. 1981)
* 1889 – Smoky Joe Wood, American baseball pitcher (d. 1985)
* 1891 – Father Coughlin, Roman Catholic priest and radio broadcaster (d. 1979)
* 1895 – Levi Eshkol, Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1969)
* 1902 – Henry Steele Commager, American historian (d. 1998)
* 1902 – Eddie Lang, American jazz guitarist (d. 1933)
* 1903 – Katharine Byron, U.S. Congresswoman (d. 1976)
* 1903 – Harry Shoulberg, American painter (d. 1995)
* 1908 – Edmond Pidoux, Swiss writer (d. 2004)
* 1910 – William Higinbotham, American physicist (d. 1994)
* 1912 – Minnie Pearl, American comedian and singer (d. 1996)
* 1913 – Klaus Barbie, Nazi war criminal (d. 1991)
* 1914 – John Berryman, American poet (d. 1972)
* 1915 – Ivan M. Niven, Canadian mathematician (d. 1999)
* 1917 – Lee MacPhail, American baseball manager and league executive
* 1921 – King Michael I of Romania
* 1923 – Jean Duceppe, Quebec actor (d. 1990)
* 1923 – Bobby Thomson, Scotland born American baseball player (d. 2010)
* 1924 – Billy Barty, American actor (d. 2000)
* 1924 – Henry Sy, Chinese-Filipino businessman
* 1926 – Ismail Gulgee, Pakistani painter
* 1926 – Galina Vishnevskaya, Russian soprano
* 1927 – Barbara Cook, American singer and actress
* 1927 – Jorge Batlle Ibáñez, former President of Uruguay
* 1928 – Marion Ross, American actress
* 1928 – Anthony Franciosa, American actor (d. 2006)
* 1931 – Jimmy McIlroy, Irish footballer and football manager
* 1931 – Annie Girardot, French actress
* 1932 – Harry Gregg, Irish footballer and football manager
* 1933 – Eugene "Porky" Lee, American child actor (d. 2005)
* 1935 – Russell Schweickart, astronaut
* 1936 – Sir Martin Gilbert, British historian
* 1936 – Masako Nozawa, Japanese actress
* 1939 – Nikos Nikolaidis, Greek film director and a writer (d. 2007)
* 1939 – Robin Spry, Canadian filmmaker and producer (d. 2005)
* 1940 – Bobby Knight, American basketball coach
* 1941 – Helen Reddy, Australian singer
* 1941 – Anne Tyler, American novelist
* 1944 – Jon Anderson, English singer (Yes)
* 1944 – Kati Kovács, Hungarian singer
* 1944 – James Carville, American political strategist and commentator
* 1945 – Peter Ledger, Australian artist (d. 1994)
* 1947 – Glenn Tipton, English guitarist (Judas Priest)
* 1948 – Dave Cowens, American basketball player and coach
* 1948 – Daniel Mark Epstein, American poet and biographer
* 1948 – Dan Gable, American wrestler and coach
* 1948 – Dan Issel, American basketball player
* 1949 – Réjean Houle, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1950 – Chris Norman, English singer
* 1951 – Richard Lloyd, American guitarist (Television)
* 1952 – Ioannis Kyrastas, Greek footballer and manager (d. 2004)
* 1952 – Samir Geagea, Lebanese Politician
* 1954 – Mike Eruzione, American hockey player
* 1955 – Glynis Barber, English actress
* 1955 – Robin Eubanks, American jazz trombonist
* 1955 – Matthias Jabs, German guitarist (Scorpions)
* 1957 – Nancy Cartwright, American voice actress
* 1958 – Phil Daniels, English actor
* 1958 – Kornelia Ender, East German swimmer
* 1961 – Ward Burton, American auto racer
* 1961 – Chad Smith, American drummer (Red Hot Chili Peppers)
* 1962 – Nick Hancock, British television presenter
* 1962 – Darlene Vogel, American actress
* 1963 – Tracy Nelson, American actress
* 1964 – Michael Boatman, American actor
* 1964 – Nicole, German singer
* 1964 – Kevin Michael Richardson, American actor
* 1965 – Þorsteinn Bachmann, Icelandic actor
* 1965 – 2 Cold Scorpio, American professional wrestler
* 1966 – Wendel Clark, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1966 – Perry Satullo, American professional wrestler
* 1969 – Josef Beranek, Czech ice hockey player
* 1969 – Nika Futterman, American voice actress
* 1969 – Oleg Salenko, Russian footballer
* 1970 – J.A. Adande, American sports columnist
* 1970 – Peter Aerts, Dutch kickboxer and martial artist
* 1970 – Adam Goldberg, American actor
* 1970 – Adam Pascal, American actor
* 1970 – Ed Robertson, Canadian musician (Barenaked Ladies)
* 1971 – Simon Charlton, English footballer
* 1971 – Athena Chu, Hong Kong actress and singer
* 1971 – Neil Fallon, Lead singer of Clutch (band)
* 1971 – Midori Goto, Japanese violinist
* 1971 – Pedro Martínez, Dominican baseball player
* 1972 – Jonathan Torrens, Canadian actor
* 1973 – Lamont Bentley, American actor (d. 2005)
* 1974 – Lee Byung-Kyu, South Korean baseball player
* 1975 – Ryan Clement, former XFL quarterback
* 1975 – Eirik Glambek Bøe, Norwegian musician
* 1976 – Brett Kirk, Australian Rules footballer
* 1976 – Steve Jones, Irish footballer
* 1977 – Yehonathan Gatro, Israeli singer and actor
* 1977 – Birgit Prinz, German footballer
* 1978 – Russell Anderson, Scottish footballer
* 1978 – Markus Pöyhönen, Finnish athlete
* 1979 – Rob Hulse, English footballer
* 1979 – Natasha Khan, British singer (aka Bat For Lashes)
* 1979 – Milena Roucka, Canadian professional wrestler
* 1979 – Sarah Thompson, American actress
* 1979 – Tony Torcato, American baseball player
* 1980 – Sarah Benincasa, American comedian
* 1980 – Mehcad Brooks, American actor and former model
* 1981 – Josh Henderson, American actor and singer
* 1981 – Jerome Isaac Jones, American singer
* 1981 – Austin Winkler, American lead vocalist (Hinder)
* 1981 – Jon Wood, American NASCAR driver
* 1981 – Shaun Wright-Phillips, English footballer
* 1982 – Jerome Carter, American football player
* 1982 – Eman Lam, Hong Kong singer
* 1983 – Han Yeo-reum, South Korean actress
* 1983 – Tim McGarigle, American football player
* 1984 – Sara Helena Lumholdt, Swedish musician (A-Teens)
* 1984 – Katy Perry, American singer
* 1985 – Ciara Harris, American singer
* 1985 – Kara Lynn Joyce, American swimmer and Olympian
* 1986 – DJ Webstar, American disc jockey
* 1986 – Eddie Gaven, American footballer
* 1987 – Darron Gibson, Irish football player
* 1987 – Fabian Hambüchen, German gymnast and Olympic medallist
* 1988 – Shane Edwards, Australian Rules footballer
* 1992 – Benjamin Martin, American Footballer
* 1995 – Conchita Campbell, Canadian actress
* 2001 – Princess Elisabeth of Belgium
* 2006 – Krista and Tatiana Hogan, Canadian craniopagus conjoined twins

October 25

October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 67 days remaining until the end of the year.

* 1147 – The Portuguese, under Afonso I, and Crusaders from England and Flanders conquer Lisbon after a four-month siege.
* 1147 – Seljuk Turks completely annihilate German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum.
* 1415 – The army of Henry V of England defeats the French at the Battle of Agincourt.
* 1616 – Dutch sea-captain Dirk Hartog makes second recorded landfall by a European on Australian soil, at the later-named Dirk Hartog Island off the West Australian coast.
* 1747 – British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats the French at the second battle of Cape Finisterre.
* 1760 – George III becomes King of Great Britain.
* 1813 – War of 1812: Canadians and Mohawks defeat the Americans in the Battle of Chateauguay.
* 1828 – The St Katharine Docks opened in London.
* 1854 – The Battle of Balaklava during the Crimean War (Charge of the Light Brigade).
* 1861 – The Toronto Stock Exchange is created.
* 1900 – The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal.
* 1917 – Traditionally understood date of the October Revolution, involving the capture of the Winter Palace, Petrograd, Russia. The date refers to the Julian Calendar date, and corresponds with November 7 in the Gregorian calendar.
* 1920 – After 74 days on Hunger Strike in Brixton Prison, England, the Sinn Féin Lord Mayor of Cork, Terence MacSwiney died.
* 1924 – The forged Zinoviev Letter is published in the Daily Mail, wrecking the British Labour Party's hopes of re-election.
* 1938 – The Archbishop of Dubuque, Francis J. L. Beckman, denounces swing music as "a degenerated musical system... turned loose to gnaw away at the moral fiber of young people", warning that it leads down a "primrose path to hell".
* 1944 – Heinrich Himmler orders a crackdown on the Edelweiss Pirates, a loosely organized youth culture in Nazi Germany that had assisted army deserters and others to hide from the Third Reich.
* 1944 – The USS Tang under Richard O'Kane (the top American submarine captain of World War II) is sunk by the ship's own malfunctioning torpedo.
* 1944 – The Romanian Army liberates Carei, the last Romanian city under Axis Powers occupation.
* 1944 – Battle of Leyte Gulf, the largest naval battle in history, takes place in and around the Philippines between the Imperial Japanese Navy and the U.S. Third and U.S. Seventh Fleets.
* 1945 – The Republic of China takes over administration of Taiwan following Japan's surrender to the Allies.
* 1962 – Cuban missile crisis: Adlai Stevenson shows photos at the UN proving Soviet missiles are installed in Cuba.
* 1962 – Uganda joins the United Nations.
* 1962 – Nelson Mandela is sentenced to five years in prison.
* 1971 – The United Nations seated the People's Republic of China and expelled the Republic of China (see political status of Taiwan and China and the United Nations)
* 1972 – The Washington Post reports that White House Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman is the fifth person to control a secret cash fund designed to finance illegal political sabotage and espionage during the 1972 presidential election campaign (see also Watergate scandal).
* 1977 – Digital Equipment Corporation releases OpenVMS V1.0.
* 1980 – Proceedings on the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction conclude at The Hague.
* 1983 – Operation Urgent Fury: The United States and its Caribbean allies invade Grenada, six days after Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and several of his supporters are executed in a coup d'état.
* 1991 – History of Slovenia: Three months after the end of the Ten-Day War, the last soldier of the Yugoslav People's Army leaves the territory of the Republic of Slovenia.
* 1995 – A commuter train slams into a school bus in Fox River Grove, Illinois, killing seven students.
* 1997 – After a brief civil war which has driven President Pascal Lissouba out of Brazzaville, Denis Sassou-Nguesso proclaims himself the President of the Republic of the Congo.
* 2004 – Fidel Castro, Cuba's President, announces that transactions using the American Dollar will be banned.
* 2007 – The first Airbus A380 passenger flight, operating for Singapore Airlines, with flight number SQ 380, flying scheduled service between Singapore and Sydney, Australia.
* 2009 – The 25 October 2009 Baghdad bombings kills 155 and wounds at least 721.

Monday, October 18, 2010

October 18 Birthdays

Births

* 1127 – Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1192)
* 1405 – Pope Pius II (d. 1464)
* 1517 – Manoel da Nóbrega, Portuguese Jesuit in Brazil (d. 1570)
* 1547 – Justus Lipsius, Flemish humanist (d. 1606)
* 1569 – Giambattista Marini, Italian poet (d. 1625)
* 1595 – Edward Winslow, Plymouth Colony founder (d. 1655)
* 1634 – Luca Giordano, Italian artist (d. 1705)
* 1653 – Abraham van Riebeeck, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1713)
* 1662 – Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (d. 1714)
* 1668 – John George IV, Elector of Saxony (d. 1694)
* 1679 – Ann Putnam, Jr., American accuser in the Salem Witch Trials (d. 1716)
* 1701 – Charles le Beau, French historian (d. 1778)
* 1706 – Baldassare Galuppi, Italian composer (d. 1785)
* 1741 – Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French general and author (d. 1803)
* 1777 – Heinrich von Kleist, German writer (d. 1811)
* 1785 – Thomas Love Peacock, English satirist (d. 1866)
* 1831 – Emperor Friedrich III of Germany (d. 1888)
* 1854 – Billy Murdoch, Australian cricketer (d. 1911)
* 1859 – Henri Bergson, French philosopher, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature (d. 1941)
* 1865 – Arie de Jong, Dutch linguist (d. 1957)
* 1865 – Logan Pearsall Smith, American essayist and critic (d. 1946)
* 1868 – Ernst Didring, Swedish author (d. 1931)
* 1870 – Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki, Japanese scholar (d. 1966)
* 1873 – Ivanoe Bonomi, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1951)
* 1882 – Lucien Petit-Breton, Argentine-French cyclist (d. 1917)
* 1893 – Georges Ohsawa, Japanese founder of Macrobiotics (d. 1966)
* 1894 – H. L. Davis, American author (d. 1960)
* 1897 – Isabel Briggs Myers, American psychological theorist (d. 1980)
* 1898 – Lotte Lenya, Austrian singer and actress (d. 1981)
* 1902 – Miriam Hopkins, American actress (d. 1972)
* 1902 – Pascual Jordan, German physicist (d. 1980)
* 1903 – Lina Radke, German athlete (d. 1983)
* 1904 – A. J. Liebling, American journalist (d. 1963)
* 1904 – Haim Shirman, Russian-born Israeli professor of medieval Spanish Jewish poetry (d. 1981)
* 1905 – Jan Gies, Dutch resistance fighter (d. 1993)
* 1905 – Félix Houphouët-Boigny, first President of Côte d'Ivoire (d. 1993)
* 1906 – James Brooks, American painter (d. 1992)
* 1909 – Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher and legal theorist (d. 2004)
* 1914 – Raymond Lambert, Swiss mountaineer (d. 1997)
* 1915 – Victor Sen Yung, American actor (d. 1980)
* 1918 – Bobby Troup, American musician (d. 1999)
* 1919 – Ric Nordman, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
* 1919 – Anita O'Day, American singer (d. 2006)
* 1919 – Pierre Elliott Trudeau, 15th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 2000)
* 1920 – Melina Mercouri, Greek actress and Minister for Culture of Greece (d. 1994)
* 1921 – Jesse Helms, American politician (d. 2008)
* 1924 – Hugh Allan "Buddy" MacMaster, Canadian musician
* 1925 – Ramiz Alia, political leader of Albania
* 1926 – Chuck Berry, American musician
* 1926 – Klaus Kinski, German actor (d. 1991)
* 1927 – George C. Scott, American actor (d. 1999)
* 1928 – Keith Jackson, American football commentator
* 1929 – Violeta Chamorro, President of Nicaragua
* 1931 – Chris Albertson, American jazz historian
* 1932 – Vytautas Landsbergis, Lithuanian politician
* 1933 – Forrest Gregg, American football player
* 1934 – Calvin Lockhart, Bahamian actor (d. 2007)
* 1934 – Inger Stevens, Swedish actress (d. 1970)
* 1934 – Chuck Swindoll, American evangelist
* 1935 – Peter Boyle, American actor (d. 2006)
* 1938 – Dawn Wells, American actress
* 1939 – Mike Ditka, American football player, coach, and commentator
* 1939 – Lee Harvey Oswald, alleged assassin of John F. Kennedy (d. 1963)
* 1939 – Flavio Cotti, member of the Swiss Federal Council
* 1940 – Cynthia Weil, American songwriter
* 1942 – Larry Pickering, Australian newspaper cartoonist
* 1943 – Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish politician
* 1945 – Chris Shays, Former member of the United States Congress from Connecticut
* 1945 – Huell Howser, American TV host
* 1945 – Yıldo, Turkish famous showman and football player
* 1946 – James Robert Baker, American novelist, screenwriter
* 1946 – Howard Shore, Canadian film composer
* 1946 – Frank Beamer, American football coach Virginia Tech Hokies football
* 1947 – Job Cohen, Dutch politician, mayor of Amsterdam
* 1947 – Joe Morton, American actor
* 1947 – Laura Nyro, American singer and songwriter (d. 1997)
* 1947 – Paul Chuckle, British comedian
* 1948 – Ntozake Shange, American author
* 1948 – Hans Köchler, Austrian philosopher
* 1949 – Joe Egan, British musician (Stealers Wheel)
* 1949 – George Hendrick, baseball player
* 1949 – Gary Richrath, American musician (REO Speedwagon)
* 1950 – Om Puri, Indian actor
* 1950 – Wendy Wasserstein, American playwright (d. 2006)
* 1950 – Sheila White, English actress
* 1951 – Mike Antonovich, American ice hockey player and executive
* 1951 – Terry McMillan, American author
* 1951 – Pam Dawber, American actress
* 1952 – Patrick Morrow, Canadian mountaineer, first to complete the Seven Summits
* 1952 – Bảo Ninh, Vietnamese novelist
* 1952 – Jerry Royster, American baseball player
* 1954 – Liz Burch, Australian actress
* 1954 – Arliss Howard, American actor
* 1955 – Timmy Mallett, British TV presenter
* 1955 – David Twohy, American movie director and screenwriter
* 1955 – Rita Verdonk, Dutch politician
* 1955 – Vanessa Briscoe Hay, American singer and songwriter (Pylon (band) & Supercluster)
* 1956 – Martina Navrátilová, Czech-American tennis player
* 1956 – Craig Bartlett, American animator
* 1956 – Jim Talent, American politician
* 1957 – Jon Lindstrom, American actor
* 1957 – Catherine Ringer, French singer and songwriter (Les Rita Mitsouko)
* 1958 – Corinne Bohrer, American actress
* 1958 – Thomas Hearns, American boxer
* 1958 – Kjell Samuelsson, National Hockey League defenseman
* 1959 – Kirby Chambliss, Aerobatic pilot
* 1959 – Milčo Mančevski, Macedonian film director and screenwriter
* 1959 – John Nord, former American pro wrestler
* 1959 – Chris "Mad Dog" Russo, American sports talk show host
* 1959 – Steve Swayne, Dartmouth Professor
* 1960 – Jean-Claude Van Damme, Belgian actor
* 1960 – Erin Moran, American actress
* 1961 – Wynton Marsalis, American jazz musician
* 1961 – Rick Moody, American author
* 1962 – Vincent Spano, American actor
* 1964 – Dan Lilker, American musician, bassist for Anthrax, S.O.D., Nuclear Assault, and Brutal Truth
* 1964 – Charles Stross, British speculative-fiction author
* 1965 – Curtis Stigers, American jazz vocalist and saxophonist
* 1965 – Zakir Naik, Indian Islamic speaker and doctor
* 1966 – Slavi Trifonov, Bulgarian showman
* 1967 – Eric Stuart, American voice actor and singer
* 1969 – Volker Neumüller, German music manager
* 1969 – Nelson Vivas, Argentine former footballer
* 1970 – José Padilla, American former gang member and alleged supporter of terrorism
* 1970 – Doug Mirabelli, American baseball player
* 1972 – Alex Tagliani, Quebec racing driver
* 1973 – Michalis Kapsis, Greek footballer
* 1974 – Robbie Savage, Welsh footballer
* 1974 – Peter Svensson, Swedish musician (The Cardigans)
* 1974 – Candy Lo, Hong Kong singer-songwriter and actress
* 1975 – Alex Cora, Puerto Rican baseball player
* 1976 – Zhou Xun, Chinese actress and singer
* 1977 – Ryan Nelsen, New Zealand footballer
* 1977 – David Vuillemin, pro motocross rider
* 1978 – Wesley Jonathan, American actor
* 1978 – Mike Tindall, English rugby union player
* 1978 – Priyanka Trivedi, Indian actress
* 1978 – Jake Farrow, American actor
* 1979 – Jothika, Indian actress
* 1980 – Josh Gracin, American singer
* 1981 – Greg Warren, American football player
* 1982 – Ne-Yo, American R&B singer
* 1982 – Thierry Amiel, French singer
* 1984 – Lindsey Vonn, American alpine skier
* 1984 – Freida Pinto, Indian actress and model
* 1985 – Derrick Tribbett, American musician (Twisted Method)
* 1987 – Zac Efron, American actor
* 1987 – Freja Beha Erichsen, Danish model
* 1989 – Joy Lauren, American actress
* 1990 – Bristol Palin, American political figure
* 1990 – Carly Schroeder, American actress
* 1991 – Tyler Posey, American actor
* 1998 – Julia Wróblewska, Polish actress
* 2001 – Annelise Manojlovic, English actress

October 18 in History

October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 74 days remaining until the end of the year.

* 1009 – The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who hacks the Church's foundations down to bedrock.
* 1016 – The Danes defeat the Saxons in the Battle of Ashingdon.
* 1081 – The Normans defeat the Byzantine Empire in the Battle of Dyrrhachium.
* 1210 – Pope Innocent III excommunicates German leader Otto IV.
* 1356 – Basel earthquake, the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps, destroyed the town of Basel, Switzerland.
* 1386 – Opening of the University of Heidelberg
* 1561 – Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima – Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflicts.
* 1599 – Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia, defeats the Army of Andrew Bathory in the Battle of Şelimbăr, leading to the first recorded unification of the Romanian people.
* 1648 – Boston Shoemakers form first U.S. labor organization.
* 1748 – Signing of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the War of the Austrian Succession.
* 1767 – Mason-Dixon line, survey separating Maryland from Pennsylvania is completed.
* 1775 – African-American poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery.
* 1851 – Herman Melville's Moby-Dick is first published as The Whale by Richard Bentley of London.
* 1860 – The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty.
* 1867 – United States takes possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2 million. Celebrated annually in the state as Alaska Day.
* 1898 – United States takes possession of Puerto Rico.
* 1912 – The First Balkan War begins.
* 1914 – The Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany.
* 1921 – The Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic is formed as part of the RSFSR.
* 1922 – The British Broadcasting Company (later Corporation) is founded by a consortium, to establish a nationwide network of radio transmitters to provide a national broadcasting service.
* 1925 – The Grand Ole Opry opens in Nashville, Tennessee.
* 1929 – Women are considered "Persons" under Canadian law.
* 1936 – Adolf Hitler announces the Four Year Economic Plan to the German people. The plan details the rebuilding of the German military from 1936 to 1940.
* 1944 – Adolf Hitler orders the establishment of a German national militia.
* 1944 – Soviet Union invades Czechoslovakia.
* 1944 – Adolf Hitler orders the public funeral procession of Nazi field Marshall Erwin Rommel, commander of the Deutsches Afrika Korps
* 1945 – The USSR's nuclear program receives plans for the United States plutonium bomb from Klaus Fuchs at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.
* 1945 – A group of the Venezuelan Armed Forces, led by Mario Vargas, Marcos Pérez Jiménez and Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, staged a coup d'état against then president Isaías Medina Angarita, who is overthrown by the end of the day.
* 1954 – Texas Instruments announces the first Transistor radio.
* 1964 – The 1964-1965 New York World's Fair closes for its first season after a six-month run.
* 1967 – The Soviet probe Venera 4 reaches Venus and becomes the first spacecraft to measure the atmosphere of another planet.
* 1968 – The U.S. Olympic Committee suspends Tommie Smith and John Carlos for giving a "black power" salute during a victory ceremony at the Mexico City games.
* 1968 – Bob Beamon sets a world record of 8.90 m in the long jump at the Mexico City games.
* 1977 – German Autumn: a set of events revolving around the kidnapping of Hanns-Martin Schleyer and the hijacking of a Lufthansa flight by the Red Army Faction (RAF) comes to an end when Schleyer is murdered and various RAF members allegedly commit suicide.
* 1989 – East German leader Erich Honecker resigns.
* 1991 – Azerbaijan declares independence from USSR.
* 2003 – Bolivian Gas War: President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada, is forced to resign and leave Bolivia.
* 2007 – Karachi bombings: attempted assassination of Benazir Bhutto.

Sunday, October 17, 2010

October 17 Birthdays

Births

* 1253 – Ivo of Kermartin, Patron saint of lawyers (d. 1303)
* 1563 – Jodocus Hondius, Flemish cartographer (d. 1611)
* 1577 – Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (d. 1621)
* 1582 – Johann Gerhard, German Lutheran leader (d. 1637)
* 1623 – Francis Turretin, Swiss theologian (d. 1687)
* 1688 – Domenico Zipoli, Italian composer (d. 1726)
* 1711 – Jupiter Hammon, American writer (d. 1806)
* 1719 – Jacques Cazotte, French writer (d. 1792)
* 1760 – Henri de Saint-Simon, French economist and philosopher (d. 1825)
* 1811 – Albertus van Raalte, Dutch/American religious leader (d. 1876)
* 1813 – Georg Büchner, German playwright (d. 1837)
* 1814 – Yakiv Holovatsky, Ukrainian writer and professor (d. 1888)
* 1817 – Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian intellectual (d. 1898)
* 1853 – Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (d. 1920)
* 1864 – Elinor Glyn, British writer (d. 1943)
* 1865 – James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (d. 1950)
* 1886 – Spring Byington, American actress (d. 1971)
* 1890 – Roy Kilner, English cricketer (d. 1928)
* 1892 – Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (d. 1943)
* 1892 – Herbert Howells, English Composer (d. 1983)
* 1898 – Shinichi Suzuki, Japanese violin teacher (d. 1998)
* 1898 – Simon Vestdijk, Dutch writer (d. 1971)
* 1900 – Jean Arthur, American actress (d. 1991)
* 1902 – Irene Ryan, American actress (d. 1973)
* 1903 – Nathanael West, American writer (d. 1940)
* 1906 – Paul Derringer, American baseball player (d. 1987)
* 1908 – Red Rolfe, American baseball player (d. 1969)
* 1912 – Pope John Paul I (d. 1978)
* 1912 – Jack Owens, The Cruising Crooner, American singer/songwriter (d. 1982)
* 1914 – Jerry Siegel, American cartoonist (d. 1996)
* 1915 – Arthur Miller, American playwright (d. 2005)
* 1917 – Sumner Locke Elliott, Australian-born American novelist (d. 1991)
* 1917 – Marsha Hunt (actress), American actress
* 1918 – Rita Hayworth, American actress (d. 1987)
* 1918 – Ralph Wilson, owner of the Buffalo Bills
* 1919 – Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov, Russian physicist
* 1920 – Miguel Delibes, Spanish novelist (d. 2010)
* 1920 – Montgomery Clift, American actor (d. 1966)
* 1921 – Tom Poston, American actor and comedian (d. 2007)
* 1921 – Maria Gorokhovskaya, Soviet gymnast (d. 2001)
* 1922 – Pierre Juneau, Canadian film and broadcast executive
* 1922 – Luiz Bonfá, Brazilian composer (d. 2001)
* 1923 – Charles McClendon, American football coach (d. 2001)
* 1923 – Barney Kessel, American musician (d. 2004)
* 1925 – Harry Carpenter, English sports commentator
* 1926 – Julie Adams, American film actress
* 1926 – Beverly Garland, American actress (d. 2008)
* 1930 – Robert Atkins, American nutritionist (d. 2003)
* 1930 – Jimmy Breslin, American newspaper columnist and author
* 1931 – Ernst Hinterberger, Austrian writer
* 1933 – Jeanine Deckers, Belgian nun (d. 1985)
* 1933 – Bill Anders, American astronaut
* 1934 – Johnny Haynes, English footballer (d. 2005)
* 1935 – Sydney Chapman, English politician and architect
* 1936 – Hiroo Kanamori, Japanese seismologist
* 1937 – Paxton Whitehead, English actor
* 1938 – Evel Knievel, American motorcycle daredevil (d. 2007)
* 1938 – Les Murray, Australian poet
* 1940 – Peter Stringfellow, British nightclub owner
* 1940 – Jim Smith, English footballer and manager
* 1941 – Earl Thomas Conley, American singer
* 1941 – Jim Seals American singer (Seals and Crofts)
* 1942 – Steve Jones, American basketball player
* 1942 – Gary Puckett, American musician
* 1946 – Sir Cameron Mackintosh, British stage producer
* 1946 – Adam Michnik, Polish activist
* 1946 – Bob Seagren, American athlete
* 1946 – Michael Hossack, American musician (The Doobie Brothers)
* 1946 – Drusilla Modjeska, Australian writer and editor
* 1947 – Gene Green, American politician
* 1947 – Michael McKean, American actor
* 1948 – Margot Kidder, Canadian actress
* 1948 – George Wendt, American actor
* 1948 – Robert Jordan, American novelist (d. 2007)
* 1950 – Howard Rollins, American actor (d. 1996)
* 1950 – Philippe Barbarin, French cardinal
* 1951 – Roger Pontare, Swedish singer
* 1954 – Carlos Buhler, American high altitude mountaineer
* 1955 – Georgios Alogoskoufis, Greek politician
* 1956 – Mae Jemison, American astronaut and physician
* 1956 – Patrick McCrory, American politician
* 1957 – Lawrence Bender, American film producer
* 1957 – Steve McMichael, American football player
* 1958 – Alan Jackson, American singer and songwriter
* 1959 – Ron Drummond, American writer
* 1959 – Mark Peel, Australian historian and academic
* 1959 – Richard Roeper, American film critic
* 1959 – Russell Gilbert, Australian comedian
* 1960 – Rob Marshall, American director
* 1960 – Guy Henry, English actor
* 1962 – Mike Judge, American cartoonist, filmmaker and voice actor
* 1963 – Sergio Goycochea, Argentine footballer
* 1963 – Norm MacDonald, Canadian comedian and actor
* 1965 – Aravinda de Silva, Sri Lankan cricketer
* 1966 – Danny Ferry, American basketball player
* 1966 – Mark Gatiss, English actor and writer
* 1966 – Tommy Kendall, American race car driver and television personality
* 1967 – René Dif, Danish musician (Aqua)
* 1968 – Ziggy Marley, Jamaican musician
* 1969 – Wood Harris, American actor
* 1969 – Ernie Els, South African golfer
* 1969 – Rick Mercer, Canadian comedian
* 1970 – Anil Kumble, Indian cricketer
* 1970 – John Mabry, American baseball player
* 1970 – Blues Saraceno, American guitarist
* 1971 – Chris Kirkpatrick, American singer ('N Sync)
* 1972 – Eminem, American rapper
* 1972 – Tarkan, Turkish singer
* 1972 – Wyclef Jean, Haitian-born singer
* 1972 – Sharon Leal, American actress
* 1972 – Joe McEwing, American baseball player
* 1973 – Andrea Tarozzi, Italian footballer
* 1974 – Matthew Macfadyen, British actor
* 1974 – Ariel Levy, American feminist writer
* 1974 – Janne Puurtinen, Finnish keyboardist (HIM)
* 1974 – John Rocker, American baseball player
* 1975 – Francis Bouillon, American hockey player
* 1976 – Sebastián Abreu, Uruguayan footballer
* 1977 – Dudu Aouate, Israeli footballer
* 1977 – Bryan Bertino, American film director and screenwriter
* 1978 – Erin Karpluk, Canadian television actress
* 1979 – Marcela Bovio, Mexican singer and violinist (Stream of Passion)
* 1979 – Kimi Räikkönen, Finnish race car driver
* 1979 – Kostas Tsartsaris, Greek basketball player
* 1980 – Yekaterina Gamova, Russian volleyball player
* 1980 – Alessandro Piccolo, Italian racing driver
* 1982 – Nick Riewoldt, Australian football player
* 1983 – Daniel Booko, American actor
* 1983 – Ivan Saenko, Russian football player
* 1983 – Mitch Talbot, American baseball player
* 1984 – Jelle Klaasen, Dutch darts player
* 1984 – Chris Lowell, American actor
* 1984 – Randall Munroe, American cartoonist
* 1985 – Baran Kosari, Iranian actress
* 1985 – Carlos González, Venezuelan baseball player
* 1987 – Bea Alonzo, Filipina actress
* 1987 – Jarosław Fojut, Polish footballer
* 1992 – Sam Concepcion, Filipino performer and actor

October 17 in History

October 17 is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 75 days remaining until the end of the year.

* 539 BC – King Cyrus The Great of Persia marches into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost 70 years of exile and making the first Human Rights Declaration.
* 1091 – T8/F4 tornado strikes the heart of London.
* 1346 – Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England near Durham, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years.
* 1448 – Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi is defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II.
* 1456 – The University of Greifswald is established, making it the second oldest university in northern Europe (also for a period the oldest in Sweden, and Prussia)
* 1604 – Kepler's Star: German astronomer Johannes Kepler observes a supernova in the constellation Ophiuchus.
* 1610 – French king Louis XIII is crowned in Rheims.
* 1660 – Nine Regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered.
* 1662 – Charles II of England sells Dunkirk to France for 40,000 pounds.
* 1771 – Premiere in Milan of the opera Ascanio in Alba, composed by Wolfgang Mozart, age 15.
* 1777 – American troops defeat the British in the Battle of Saratoga.
* 1781 – General Charles Cornwallis offers his surrender to the American revolutionists at Yorktown, Virginia.
* 1797 – Treaty of Campo Formio is signed between France and Austria
* 1800 – England takes control of the Dutch colony of Curaçao.
* 1806 – Former leader of the Haitian Revolution, Emperor Jacques I of Haiti is assassinated after an oppressive rule.
* 1814 – London Beer Flood occurs in London, killing nine.
* 1860 – First The Open Championship (referred to in North America as the British Open).
* 1888 – Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie).
* 1907 – Guglielmo Marconi's company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland.
* 1912 – Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia declare war on the Ottoman Empire, joining Montenegro in the First Balkan War.
* 1917 – First British bombing of Germany in World War I.
* 1931 – Al Capone convicted of income tax evasion.
* 1933 – Albert Einstein, fleeing Nazi Germany, moves to the U.S..
* 1941 – For the first time in World War II, a German submarine attacks an American ship.
* 1941 – German troops execute the male population of the villages Kerdyllia in Serres, Greece and burn the houses down.
* 1943 – Burma Railway (Burma-Thailand Railway) is completed.
* 1945 – A massive number of people, headed by CGT and Evita, gather in the Plaza de Mayo in Argentina to demand Juan Peron's release. This is known to the Peronists as the Día de la lealtad (Loyalty Day). It's considered the founding day of Peronism.
* 1956 – The first commercial nuclear power station is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II in Sellafield,in Cumbria, England.
* 1961 – Scores of Algerian protesters (some claim up to 400) are massacred by the Paris police at the instigation of Nazi collaborator Maurice Papon, then chief of the Prefecture of Police.
* 1964 – Prime Minister of Australia Robert Menzies opens the artificial Lake Burley Griffin in the middle of the capital Canberra.
* 1965 – The 1964-1965 New York World's Fair closes after a two year run. More than 51 million people had attended the two-year event.
* 1966 – A fire at a building in New York, New York kills 12 firefighters, the New York City Fire Department's deadliest day until the September 11, 2001 attacks.
* 1966 – Botswana and Lesotho join the United Nations.
* 1970 – Montreal, Quebec: Quebec Vice-Premier and Minister of Labour Pierre Laporte murdered by members of the FLQ terrorist group.
* 1973 – OPEC starts an oil embargo against a number of western countries, considered to have helped Israel in its war against Syria.
* 1977 – German Autumn: Four days after it is hijacked, Lufthansa Flight 181 lands in Mogadishu, Somalia, where a team of German GSG 9 commandos later rescues all remaining hostages on board.
* 1979 – Mother Teresa awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
* 1979 – The Department of Education Organization Act is signed into law creating the US Department of Education and US Department of Health and Human Services.
* 1987 – First commemoration of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty.
* 1989 – 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake (7.1 on the Richter scale) hits the San Francisco Bay Area and causes 57 deaths directly (and 6 indirectly).
* 1998 – At Jesse, in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, a petroleum pipeline explodes killing about 1200 villagers, some of whom are scavenging gasoline.
* 2000 – Train crash at Hatfield, north of London, leading to collapse of Railtrack.
* 2003 – The pinnacle is fitted on the roof of Taipei 101, a 101-floor skyscraper in Taipei, allowing it to surpass the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur by 50 meters (165 feet) and become the World's tallest highrise.
* 2006 – The United States population reaches 300 million.

Saturday, October 16, 2010

October 16 Birthdays

Births

* 1396 – William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English soldier (d. 1450)
* 1430 – King James II of Scotland (d. 1460)
* 1483 – Gasparo Contarini, Italian diplomat and cardinal (d. 1542)
* 1535 – Niwa Nagahide, Japanese warlord (d. 1585)
* 1663 – Prince Eugene of Savoy, French-born Austrian general (d. 1736)
* 1710 – Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (d. 1790)
* 1714 – Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (d. 1795)
* 1726 – Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (d. 1801)
* 1751 – Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, Queen of Prussia (d. 1805)
* 1752 – Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, German theologian (d. 1827)
* 1754 – Morgan Lewis, Governor of New York (1804–07) (d. 1844)
* 1758 – Noah Webster, American lexicographer (d. 1843)
* 1762 – Paul Hamilton, Governor of South Carolina (1804–06) and U.S. Secretary of Navy (1809–12) (d. 1816)
* 1789 – William Burton, Governor of Delaware (1859–63) (d. 1866)
* 1795 – William Buell Sprague, American clergyman and author (d. 1876)
* 1802 – Isaac Murphy, Governor of Arkansas (1864–68) (d. 1882)
* 1804 – Benjamin Russell, American artist (d. 1885)
* 1806 – William Pitt Fessenden, U.S. Secretary of Treasury (1864–65) (d. 1869)
* 1815 – Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (d. 1905)
* 1819 – Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (d. 1886)
* 1840 – Kuroda Kiyotaka, 2nd Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1900)
* 1841 – Hirobumi Ito, Japanese governor of Korea, 1st Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1909)
* 1854 – Karl Kautsky, Marxist theoretician (d. 1938)
* 1854 – Oscar Wilde, Irish writer (d. 1900)
* 1855 – Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (d. 1931)
* 1861 – J. B. Bury, Irish historian (d. 1927)
* 1863 – Austen Chamberlain, English statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1937)
* 1876 – Jimmy Sinclair, South African cricketer, rugby union and soccer player (d. 1913)
* 1878 – Maxey Long, American athlete (d. 1959)
* 1883 – Vasiliki Maliaros, Greek actress (d. 1973)
* 1884 – Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (d. 1916)
* 1886 – David Ben-Gurion, first Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1973)
* 1888 – Eugene O'Neill, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1953)
* 1888 – Paul Popenoe, American activist (d. 1979)
* 1890 – Michael Collins, Irish patriot (d. 1922)
* 1890 – Maria Goretti, Italian saint (d. 1902)
* 1890 – Paul Strand, American photographer (d. 1975)
* 1897 – Louis de Cazenave, French supercentenarian (d. 2008)
* 1898 – William O. Douglas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1980)
* 1900 – Edward Ardizzone, artist and illustrator (d. 1979)
* 1900 – Primo Conti, Italian painter (d. 1988)
* 1900 – Goose Goslin, American baseball player (d. 1971)
* 1903 – Cecile de Brunhoff, French storyteller (d. 2003)
* 1906 – León Klimovsky, Argentine film director (d. 1996)
* 1908 – Enver Hoxha, Albanian dictator (d. 1985)
* 1912 – Clifford Hansen, American politician (d. 2009)
* 1914 – Mohammed Zahir Shah, Shah of Afghanistan (d. 2007)
* 1916 – George Turner, Australian author (d. 1997)
* 1917 – Alice Pearce, American actress (d. 1966)
* 1918 – Louis Althusser, French Marxist philosopher (d. 1990)
* 1919 – Kathleen Winsor, American writer (d. 2003)
* 1922 – Max Bygraves, English singer/songwriter
* 1922 – Leon Sullivan, American civil rights leader and pastor (d. 2001)
* 1923 – Linda Darnell, American film actress (d. 1965)
* 1923 – Bert Kaempfert, German orchestra leader and songwriter (d. 1980)
* 1923 – Bill McLaren MBE, Scottish rugby commentator (d. 2010)
* 1925 – Angela Lansbury, English-born actress
* 1927 – Günter Grass, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate
* 1928 – Mary Daly, American feminist philosopher and theologian (d. 2010)
* 1928 – Ann Morgan Guilbert, American actress
* 1929 – Fernanda Montenegro, Brazilian actress
* 1930 – Carmen Sevilla, Spanish actress
* 1931 – Charles Colson, American Watergate conspirator
* 1931 – Valery Klimov, Russian violinist
* 1931 – Rosa Rosal, Filipino actress and humanitarian
* 1932 – John Grant, British politician (d. 2000)
* 1932 – Henry Lewis, American musician and conductor (d. 1996)
* 1934 – Peter Ashdown, British racing driver
* 1936 – Peter Bowles, English actor
* 1936 – Andrei Chikatilo, Russian serial killer (d. 1994)
* 1936 – Akira Machida, Japanese judge
* 1938 – Carl Gunter Jr, Louisiana State Representative (d. 1999)
* 1938 – Nico German musician, fashion model and actress (d. 1988)
* 1940 – Barry Corbin, American actor
* 1940 – Dave DeBusschere, American basketball player (d. 2003)
* 1940 – Ivan Della Mea, Italian singer-songwriter (d. 2009)
* 1941 – Tim McCarver, baseball player and commentator
* 1943 – Fred Turner, Canadian bass player (Bachman-Turner Overdrive)
* 1946 – Suzanne Somers, American actress
* 1947 – Terry Griffiths, Welsh snooker player
* 1947 – Bob Weir, American musician (Grateful Dead)
* 1947 – David Zucker, American film director
* 1948 – Hema Malini, Indian Actress
* 1948 – Leo Mazzone, American baseball coach
* 1952 – Boogie Mosson, American musician (P Funk)
* 1952 – Ron Taylor, American actor (d. 2002)
* 1953 – Tony Carey, American-born rock keyboardist, producer (Rainbow, Planet P Project)
* 1953 – Paulo Roberto Falcão, Brazilian footballer
* 1953 – Al Sobotka, Zamboni driver
* 1954 – Serafino Ghizzoni, Italian rugby player
* 1954 – Stephen Mellor, American actor
* 1956 – John Chavis, American football coach
* 1958 – Eleftheria Arvanitaki, Greek singer
* 1958 – Tim Robbins, American actor, director, and writer
* 1959 – Brian Harper, baseball player
* 1959 – Gary Kemp, British musician and actor
* 1959 – Erkki-Sven Tüür, Estonian composer
* 1960 – Bob Mould, American musician
* 1961 – Marc Levy, French novelist
* 1961 – Randy Vasquez, American actor
* 1962 – Manute Bol, Sudanese-born basketball player (d. 2010)
* 1962 – Ken Chinn, American musician (SNFU)
* 1962 – Flea, Australian-born American musician (Red Hot Chili Peppers)
* 1962 – Dmitri Hvorostovsky, Russian baritone
* 1963 – Brendan Kibble, Australian musician
* 1965 – Steve Lamacq, British journalist and disc jockey
* 1965 – Tom Tolbert, American basketball player
* 1967 – Davina McCall, British television presenter
* 1968 – Randall Batinkoff, American actor
* 1968 – Mark Lee, Singaporean actor & comedian
* 1968 – Elsa Zylberstein, French actress
* 1969 – Roy Hargrove, American jazz trumpeter
* 1969 – Takao Ōmori, Japanese professional wrestler
* 1969 – Terri J. Vaughn, American actress
* 1969 – Wendy Wilson, American pop singer (Wilson Phillips)
* 1970 – Kazuyuki Fujita, Japanese professional wrestler and mixed martial arts fighter
* 1970 – Mehmet Scholl, German footballer
* 1971 – Chad Gray, American singer
* 1972 – Darius Kasparaitis, Russian Super League player
* 1972 – Tomas Lindberg, Swedish musician (At the Gates)
* 1972 – Kordell Stewart, American football player
* 1973 – María Eugenia Larraín, Chilean model, engineer and socialite
* 1973 – Peter Polaco, American professional wrestler
* 1973 – David Unsworth, English professional footballer
* 1974 – Paul Kariya, Canadian hockey player
* 1975 – Brynjar Gunnarsson, Icelandic footballer
* 1975 – Jacques Kallis, South African cricketer
* 1975 – Kellie Martin, American actress
* 1976 – Ryan Fitzgerald, Australian football (AFL) player and media personality
* 1977 – John Mayer, American musician
* 1978 – Ethan Luck, American musician (The O.C. Supertones, Demon Hunter, Relient K)
* 1979 – Erin Brown, American actress, model, filmmaker, and musician
* 1980 – Sue Bird, American basketball player
* 1980 – Jeremy Jackson, American actor
* 1980 – Timana Tahu, Australian Rugby League player
* 1981 – Martin Halle, Danish footballer
* 1981 – Anthony Reyes, American baseball player
* 1981 – Caterina Scorsone, Canadian actress
* 1982 – Vincy Chan, Hong Kong singer
* 1982 – Frédéric Michalak, French rugby player
* 1982 – Pippa Black, Australian actress
* 1983 – Jennifer Hurt, American model
* 1983 – Philipp Kohlschreiber, German tennis player
* 1984 – Melissa Lauren, French pornographic actress
* 1984 – Shayne Ward, British singer
* 1985 – Verena Sailer, German sprinter
* 1985 – Casey Stoner, Australian motorcycle racer
* 1986 – Nicky Adams, Welsh footballer
* 1986 – Craig Pickering, British sprinter
* 1988 – Zoltán Stieber, Hungarian footballer
* 1991 – John and Edward Grimes, Irish twin entertainers
* 1992 – Bryce Harper, American baseball player
* 2003 – Princess Kritika of Nepal, daughter of Crown Prince Paras