Thursday, February 12, 2009

February 12 Births

* 1074 - Conrad, King of Germany and Italy (d. 1101)
* 1218 - Kujo Yoritsune, Japanese shogun (d. 1256)
* 1567 - Thomas Campion, English composer and poet (d. 1620)
* 1606 - John Winthrop, the Younger, Governor of Connecticut (d. 1676)
* 1637 - Jan Swammerdam, Dutch biologist (d. 1680)
* 1663 - Cotton Mather, New England minister (d. 1728)
* 1665 - Rudolf Jakob Camerarius, German botanist and physician (d. 1721)
* 1704 - Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (d. 1772)
* 1728 - Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (d. 1799)
* 1753 - François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, French admiral (d. 1798)
* 1768 - Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1835)
* 1775 - Louisa Adams, First Lady of the United States, wife of John Quincy Adams (d. 1852)
* 1777 - Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué, German poet (d. 1843)
* 1777 - Bernard Courtois, French chemist (d. 1838)
* 1785 - Pierre Louis Dulong, French physicist (d. 1838)
* 1788 - Carl Reichenbach, German chemist and philosopher (d. 1869)
* 1791 - Peter Cooper, American Industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (d. 1883)
* 1794 - Alexander Petrov, Russian chess player (d. 1867)
* 1804 - Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (d. 1865)
* 1809 - Charles Darwin, English naturalist (d. 1882)
* 1809 - Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States (d. 1865)
* 1828 - George Meredith, English writer (d. 1909)
* 1843 - John Graham Chambers, English athlete who wrote the Queensberry rules for boxing (d. 1883)
* 1857 - Bobby Peel, English cricketer (d. 1943)
* 1861 - Lou Andreas-Salome, Russian-born author (d. 1937)
* 1865 - Kazimierz Tetmajer, Polish poet and writer (d. 1940)
* 1870 - Marie Lloyd, English music-hall performer (d. 1922)
* 1876 - Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama (d. 1933)
* 1880 - John L. Lewis, American labor union leader (d. 1969)
* 1881 - Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina (d. 1931)
* 1884 - Max Beckmann, German artist (d. 1950)
* 1884 - Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (d. 1957)
* 1884 - Johan Laidoner, Estonian military commander (d. 1953)
* 1885 - Julius Streicher, Nazi German publisher (d. 1946)
* 1893 - Omar Bradley, American general (d. 1981)
* 1897 - Vola Vale, American actress (d. 1970)
* 1898 - Wallace Ford, English-born actor (d. 1966)
* 1900 - Roger J. Traynor, American judge (d. 1980)
* 1902 - William Collier, American stage and film actor (d. 1987)
* 1903 - Chick Hafey, baseball player (d. 1973)
* 1903 - Joseph F. Biroc, American cinematographer (d. 1996)
* 1904 - Ted Mack, American television host (d. 1976)
* 1907 - Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (d. 1991)
* 1908 - Jacques Herbrand, French logician and mathematician (d. 1931)
* 1908 - Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (d. 1982)
* 1908 - August Neo, Estonian wrestler (d. 1982)
* 1909 - Sigmund Rascher, German SS doctor (d. 1945)
* 1911 - Stephen H. Sholes, American recording executive (d. 1968)
* 1912 - R. F. Delderfield, English author (d. 1972)
* 1914 - Tex Beneke, American musician and band leader (d. 2000)
* 1914 - Arvid Pardo, Maltese diplomat, a.k.a "Father of the Law of the Sea Conference" (d. 1999)
* 1915 - Lorne Greene, Canadian actor (d. 1987)
* 1916 - Joseph Alioto, Mayor of San Francisco (d. 1998)
* 1917 - Raizo Matsuno, Japanese politician (d. 2006)
* 1918 - Julian Schwinger, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
* 1919 - Forrest Tucker, American actor (d. 1986)
* 1920 - William Roscoe Estep, Baptist historian and professor (d. 2000)
* 1920 - Pran, Indian actor
* 1922 - Hussein bin Dato' Onn, Malaysian Prime Minister
* 1923 - Franco Zeffirelli, Italian film and opera director and designer
* 1923 - Chaskel Besser, Orthodox rabbi
* 1925 - Sir Anthony Berry, British politician (d. 1984)
* 1926 - Joe Garagiola, American baseball player and announcer
* 1926 - Charles Van Doren, American quiz show contestant
* 1930 - Arlen Specter, U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania
* 1931 - Janwillem van de Wetering, Dutch author
* 1932 - Axel Jensen, Norwegian author (d. 2003)
* 1932 - Julian Lincoln Simon, American economist and author (d. 1998)
* 1934 - Anne Krueger, American economist
* 1934 - Bill Russell, American basketball player
* 1934 - Annette Crosbie, Scottish actress
* 1935 - Gene McDaniels, American singer
* 1936 - Joe Don Baker, American actor
* 1936 - Paul Shenar, American actor
* 1937 - Charles Dumas, American athlete (d. 2004)
* 1938 - Judy Blume, American author
* 1938 - Johnny Rutherford, American race car driver
* 1938 - Peter Temple-Morris, Baron Temple-Morris, British politician
* 1939 - Ray Manzarek, American keyboardist (The Doors)
* 1940 - Richard Lynch, American actor
* 1941 - Naomi Uemura, Japanese adventurer
* 1942 - Ehud Barak, Prime Minister of Israel
* 1942 - Pat Dobson, American baseball player (d. 2006)
* 1944 - Moe Bandy, American singer
* 1945 - Maud Adams, Swedish actress
* 1945 - David Friedman, American economist
* 1946 - Cliff DeYoung, American actor and musician
* 1946 - Jean Eyeghe Ndong, Prime Minister of Gabon
* 1946 - Ajda Pekkan, Turkish singer
* 1947 - Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, Indian leader of Damdami Taksal (d. 1984)
* 1948 - Raymond Kurzweil, American inventor and author
* 1948 - Mike Robitaille, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1949 - Joaquín Sabina, Spanish singer and songwriter
* 1950 - Michael Ironside, Canadian actor
* 1950 - Steve Hackett, English guitarist (Genesis)
* 1951 - Steven Parent, Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
* 1952 - Michael McDonald, American musician
* 1952 - Simon MacCorkindale, British actor
* 1953 - Joanna Kerns, American actress
* 1953 - Nabil Shaban, British actor
* 1953 - Robin Thomas, American actor
* 1954 - Tzimis Panousis, Greek musician and stand-up comedian
* 1954 - Philip Zimmermann, American cryptographer
* 1955 - Arsenio Hall, American actor and talk show host
* 1955 - Bill Laswell, American bassist and record producer
* 1955 - Chet Lemon, American baseball player
* 1956 - Brian Robertson, Scottish musician (Thin Lizzy and Motörhead)
* 1958 - Grant McLennan, Australian musician (The Go-Betweens) (d. 2006)
* 1958 - Bobby Smith, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1959 - Sigrid Thornton, Australian actress
* 1959 - Larry Nance, American basketball player
* 1961 - Jim Harris, Canadian politician
* 1962 - Jimmy Kirkwood, Irish-born field hockey player
* 1963 - John Michael Higgins, American actor
* 1963 - Ed Lover, American radio personality
* 1967 - Chris McKinstry, Canadian computer scientist
* 1967 - Chitravina N. Ravikiran, Indian composer and musician
* 1968 - Josh Brolin, American actor
* 1968 - Grégory Charles, French Canadian singer, dancer, pianist, radio and television host
* 1968 - Christopher McCandless, American nomad, subject of biography Into the Wild (d. 1992)
* 1968 - Chynna Phillips, American singer
* 1968 - Kyle Vincent, American singer/songwriter
* 1969 - Darren Aronofsky, American director and writer
* 1969 - Hong Myung-Bo, Korean footballer
* 1969 - Meja, Swedish singer
* 1969 - Brad Werenka, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1970 - Jim Creeggan, Canadian bassist (Barenaked Ladies)
* 1970 - Judd Winick, writer and artist
* 1972 - Ajay Naidu, Indian-American actor
* 1972 - Owen Nolan, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1973 - Gianni Romme, Dutch speed skater
* 1973 - Tara Strong, Canadian voice actress
* 1974 - Toranosuke Takagi, Japanese race car driver
* 1974 - Fonzworth Bentley, American hip-hop artist
* 1975 - Scot Pollard, American basketball player
* 1976 - Anna Benson, American model
* 1976 - Christian Cullen, New Zealand rugby union footballer
* 1976 - Silvia Saint, Czech pornographic actress
* 1977 - Jimmy Conrad, American soccer player
* 1978 - Brett Hodgson, Australian rugby league footballer
* 1978 - Gethin Jones, British (Welsh) television presenter
* 1978 - Silver Meikar, Estonian politician
* 1979 - Antonio Chatman, National Football League runningback
* 1979 - Matt Mauck, American football player
* 1979 - Jesse Spencer, Australian actor
* 1980 - Juan Carlos Ferrero, Spanish tennis player
* 1980 - Sarah Lancaster, American actress
* 1980 - Christina Ricci, American actress
* 1981 - The Rev, American drummer (Avenged Sevenfold)
* 1982 - Louis Tsatoumas, Greek long jumper
* 1983 - Carlton Brewster, National Football League player
* 1984 - Peter Vanderkaay, American mid-distance swimmer
* 1984 - Brad Keselowski, NASCAR Nationwide Series Driver
* 1984 - Lolly Badcock, English pornographic actress
* 1985 - Saskia Burmeister Croft, Australian actress
* 1987 - Sarah Coburn, Irish Lawyer
* 1988 - Nana Eikura, Japanese actress
* 1991 - Faisal ibn Hamad Al Khalifah, prince of Bahrain (d. 2006)
* 1993 - Jennifer Stone, American actress

February 12 in History

* 881 - Pope John VIII crowns Charles the Fat, the King of Italy: Emperor
* 1429 - English forces under Sir John Fastolf defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army besieging Orleans from attack by the Comte de Clermont and John Stuart in the Battle of Rouvray (also known as the Battle of the Herrings).
* 1502 - Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal, on his second voyage to India.
* 1541 - Santiago, Chile is founded by Pedro de Valdivia.
* 1554 - A year after claiming the throne of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey is beheaded for treason.
* 1689 - The Convention Parliament convenes and declares that the flight to France in 1688 by James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch, constitutes an abdication.
* 1700 - The Great Northern War begins in Northern Europe.
* 1719 - The Onderlinge van 1719 u.a., the oldest existing life insurance company in the Netherlands is founded.
* 1733 - Englishman James Oglethorpe founds Georgia, the the 13th colony of the Thirteen Colonies, and its first city at Savannah (known as Georgia Day).
* 1771 - Gustav III becomes the King of Sweden.
* 1816 - The Teatro di San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is destroyed by fire.
* 1817 - An Argentine/Chilean patriotic army, after crossing the Andes, defeats Spanish troops on the Battle of Chacabuco.
* 1818 - Bernardo O'Higgins signs the Independence of Chile near Concepción.
* 1825 - The Creek cede the last of their lands in Georgia to the United States government, and migrate west.
* 1832 - Ecuador annexes the Galápagos Islands.
* 1855 - Michigan State University is established.
* 1870 - Women gain the right to vote in the Utah Territory.
* 1879 - The first artificial ice rink in North America opens at Gilmore's Park in New York City.
* 1894 - Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into Paris's Cafe Terminus, killing one and wounding 20.
* 1909 - The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded.
* 1912 - Xuantong Emperor of the Manchu Qing dynasty, the last Emperor of China, abdicates.
* 1912 - The Republic of China adopts the Gregorian calendar.
* 1914 - In Washington, D.C., the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place.
* 1924 - Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to deliver a political speech on radio.
* 1934 - The Austrian Civil War begins.
* 1934 - The Export-Import Bank of the United States is incorporated.
* 1934 - In Spain the national council of Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista is inaugurated. The council decides to merge the movement with the Falange Española.
* 1946 - World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 121 of 154 captured U-boats.
* 1961 - U.S.S.R. launches Venera 1 towards Venus.
* 1966 - Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, announced the Six Points in Karachi as the election manifesto of Awami League, that later led to formation of Bangladesh.
* 1973 - Vietnam War: The first United States prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong.
* 1990 - Carmen Lawrence becomes the first female Premier in Australian History when she becomes premier of Western Australia.
* 1997 - Hwang Jang-yop, secretary in the Workers' Party of Korea and a prime architect of North Korea's Juche doctrine, defects at the South Korean embassy in Beijing along with his aide, Kim Dok-hong.
* 1999 - President Bill Clinton is acquitted by the United States Senate in his impeachment trial.
* 2000 - Charles Schultz's famous comic strip Peanuts prints its last comic.
* 2001 - NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft touchdown in the "saddle" region of 433 Eros becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid.
* 2002 - The trial of former President of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević begins at the United Nations war crimes tribunal in The Hague. He dies four years later before its conclusion.
* 2002 - US Secretary of Energy makes the decision that Yucca Mountain is suitable to be the United States' nuclear waste repository.
* 2002 - An Iran Air Tupolev Tu-154 crashes in the mountains outside Khorramabad, Iran while descending for a landing at Khorramabad Airport, killing 119.
* 2004 - The city of San Francisco, California begins issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples in response to a directive from Mayor Gavin Newsom.
* 2006 - A powerful winter storm blankets the Northeastern United States dumping 1 to 2 feet of snow from Washington D.C. to Boston, Massachusetts. The storm dumps a record 26.9 inches of snow in New York City.
* 2007 - A gunman opens fire in a mall in Salt Lake City, killing 5 people in the Trolley Square shooting.

Tuesday, February 10, 2009

Feb 10 in history

# 1355 - The St. Scholastica's Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days.
# 1542 - Queen Catherine Howard of England is confined in the Tower of London to be executed three days later for treason (adultery).
# 1567 - An explosion destroys the Kirk o' Field house in Edinburgh, Scotland. The second husband of Mary Queen of Scots, Lord Darnley is found strangled, in what many believe to be an assassination.
# 1763 - French and Indian War: The 1763 Treaty of Paris ends the war and France cedes Quebec to Great Britain.
# 1798 - Louis Alexandre Berthier invades Rome, proclaims a Roman Republic on February 15 and then on February 20 takes Pope Pius VI prisoner.
# 1814 - Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Champaubert
# 1840 - Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
# 1846 - First Anglo-Sikh War: Battle of Sobraon - British defeat Sikhs in final battle of the war
# 1859 - The Boulder City Town Company (now the city of Boulder, Colorado) was founded.
# 1863 - The world-famous dwarfs General Tom Thumb and Lavinia Warren marry in New York City.
# 1870 - The YWCA is founded (New York City).
# 1904 - The Russo-Japanese War over Korea and Manchuria begins after the Battle of Port Arthur.
# 1906 - HMS Dreadnought (1906) is launched.
# 1920 - Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea.
# 1923 - Texas Tech University is founded as Texas Technological College in Lubbock, Texas.
# 1931 - New Delhi becomes the capital of India.
# 1933 - The New York City-based Postal Telegraph Company introduces the first singing telegram.
# 1933 - In round 13 of a boxing match at New York City's Madison Square Garden, Primo Carnera knocks out Ernie Schaaf, killing him.
# 1933 - Adolf Hitler makes a speech in Sportpalast, Berlin - 10 days after he became 'Reichskanzler' on January 30th.
# 1947 - Italy cedes most of Venezia Giulia to Yugoslavia.
# 1954 - President Dwight Eisenhower warns against United States intervention in Vietnam.
# 1962 - Captured American spy pilot Gary Powers is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.
# 1964 - Melbourne-Voyager collision: The aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne (R21) collides with the destroyer HMAS Voyager (D04) off the south coast of New South Wales, Australia.
# 1967 - The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified.
# 1981 - A fire at the Las Vegas Hilton hotel-casino kills eight and injures 198.
# 1989 - Ron Brown is elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee becoming the first African American to lead a major American political party.
# 1996 - The IBM supercomputer Deep Blue defeats Garry Kasparov for the first time.
# 1998 - Voters in Maine repeal a gay rights law passed in 1997 becoming the first U.S. state to abandon that law.
# 2003 - France and Belgium break the NATO procedure of silent approval concerning the timing of protective measures for Turkey in case of a possible war with Iraq.
# 2008 - The 2008 Namdaemun fire severely damages Namdaemun, the first National Treasure of South Korea