Thursday, March 19, 2009

March 19 Birthdays

* 1434 - Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1443)
* 1488 - Johannes Magnus, last Catholic Archbishop of Sweden (d. 1544)
* 1534 - José de Anchieta, Spanish Jesuit missionary to Brazil (d. 1597)
* 1590 - William Bradford, Pilgrim and First Governor of the Plymouth Colony (d. 1657)
* 1684 - Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (d. 1766)
* 1721 - Tobias Smollett, Scottish novelist (d. 1771)
* 1734 - Thomas McKean, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1817)
* 1739 - Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, Third Consul of France (d. 1824)
* 1742 - Tupac Amaru II, Incan revolutionary (d. 1781)
* 1749 - Princess Louisa of Great Britain (d. 1768)
* 1778 - Edward Pakenham, British general (d. 1815)
* 1813 - David Livingstone, Scottish missionary and explorer (d. 1873)
* 1821 - Richard Francis Burton, British explorer, diplomat and author (d. 1890)
* 1823 - Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria (d. 1914)
* 1824 or 1828 - William Allingham, Irish author (d. 1889)
* 1829 - Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish financier and industrialist (d. 1901)
* 1848 - Wyatt Earp, American policeman and gunfighter (d. 1929)
* 1849 - Alfred von Tirpitz, German World War I Admiral (d. 1930)
* 1851 - William Henry Stark, American business leader (d. 1936)
* 1860 - William Jennings Bryan, 41st United States Secretary of State (d. 1925)
* 1861 - Lomer Gouin, Quebec politician (d. 1929)
* 1864 - Charles Marion Russell, American artist (d. 1926)
* 1865 - William Morton Wheeler, American entomologist, myrmecologist, pioneer in ethology (d. 1937)
* 1871 - Schofield Haigh, British cricketer (d. 1921)
* 1873 - Max Reger, German composer (d. 1916)
* 1883 - Walter Haworth, British chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1950)
* 1883 - Joseph Stilwell, U.S. general (d. 1946)
* 1888 - Josef Albers, German artist (d. 1976)
* 1888 - Léon Scieur, Belgian cyclist (d. 1969)
* 1891 - Earl Warren, 14th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1974)
* 1892 - James Van Fleet, American general (d. 1992)
* 1894 - Moms Mabley, American comedian (d. 1975)
* 1900 - Frédéric Joliot, French physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1958)
* 1904 - John Sirica, American judge (d. 1992)
* 1905 - Albert Speer, Nazi official (d. 1981)
* 1906 - Adolf Eichmann, Nazi official (d. 1962)
* 1909 - Louis Hayward, British actor (d. 1985)
* 1909 - Attilio Demaria, Argentinian footballer (d. 1990)
* 1910 - Joseph F. Carroll, US Air Force Lt. Gen. and Founding Director, Defense Intelligence Agency (d. 1991)
* 1914 - Leonidas Alaoglu, Greek-Canadian mathematician (d. 1981)
* 1914 - Jay Berwanger, American football player (d. 2002)
* 1914 - Fred Clark, American film actor (d. 1968)
* 1915 - Robert G. Cole, American Paratrooper of the 101st, 502nd division (d. 1944)
* 1916 - Eric Christmas, British actor (d. 2000)
* 1916 - Irving Wallace, American novelist (d. 1990)
* 1917 - Dinu Lipatti, Romanian pianist (d. 1950)
* 1917 - Laszlo Szabo, Hungarian chess player (d. 1998)
* 1920 - Tige Andrews, American actor (d. 2007)
* 1920 - Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author (d. 2002)
* 1921 - Tommy Cooper, Welsh comedy magician (d. 1984)
* 1923 - Pamela Britton, American actress (d. 1974)
* 1923 - Henry Morgentaler, Canadian gynecologist
* 1924 - Mary Wimbush, British actress (d. 2005)
* 1925 - Brent Scowcroft, US National Security Advisor
* 1927 - Richie Ashburn, American baseball player (d. 1997)
* 1928 - Hans Küng, Swiss theologian
* 1928 - Patrick McGoohan, American-born actor (d. 2009)
* 1930 - Ornette Coleman, American saxophonist
* 1932 - Gay Brewer, American golfer (d. 2007)
* 1933 - Philip Roth, American author
* 1933 - Renée Taylor, American actress
* 1936 - Ursula Andress, Swiss actress
* 1936 - Birthe Wilke, Danish singer
* 1937 - Clarence "Frogman" Henry, American musician
* 1937 - Egon Krenz, President of East Germany
* 1939 - Joe Kapp, American football player
* 1942 - Richard Dobson, American singer and songwriter
* 1943 - Mario J. Molina, Mexican chemist, Nobel laureate
* 1943 - Mario Monti, Italian politician
* 1943 - Vern Schuppan, Australian racing driver
* 1944 - Said Musa, Prime Minister of Belize
* 1944 - Sirhan Sirhan, Palestinian-born assassin
* 1945 - Stefanos Kiriakidis, Greek actor
* 1946 - Paul Atkinson, British musician (The Zombies) (d. 2004)
* 1946 - Bigas Luna, Spanish film director
* 1946 - Ruth Pointer, American singer (Pointer Sisters)
* 1947 - Glenn Close, American actress
* 1947 - Marinho Peres, Brazilian football player
* 1948 - Vincent van der Bijl, former South African cricketer
* 1952 - Harvey Weinstein, American film producer
* 1952 - Warren Lees, New Zealand Test wicket-keeper
* 1953 - Billy Sheehan, American musician (Mr. Big)
* 1953 - Ricky Wilson, American musician (The B-52's) (d. 1985)
* 1954 - Indu Shahani, Indian educationist and Sheriff of Mumbai
* 1955 - Bruce Willis, American actor
* 1955 - Simon Yam, Hong Kong actor
* 1956 - Yegor Gaidar, Russian politician and economist.
* 1958 - Andy Reid, NFL Head Coach (Philadelphia Eagles)
* 1959 - Terry Hall, British singer
* 1961 - Jos Lansink, Dutch-Belgian equestrian
* 1962 - Ivan Calderón, Puerto Rican baseball player (d. 2003)
* 1962 - Jim Korderas, American professional wrestling referee
* 1964 - Yoko Kanno, Japanese composer
* 1964 - Jake Weber, British actor
* 1966 - Andy Sinton, English footballer
* 1966 - James "Big Jim" Wright, American record producer
* 1967 - Vladimir Konstantinov, Russian ice hockey player
* 1968 - Mots'eoa Senyane, Lesotho diplomat
* 1969 - Gary Jules, American singer and songwriter
* 1969 - Connor Trinneer, American actor
* 1969 - Tom McRae, British singer and songwriter
* 1971 - Nadja Auermann, German supermodel
* 1971 - Sébastien Godefroid, Belgian sailor
* 1973 - Simmone Jade Mackinnon, Australian actress
* 1973 - Bun B, American Rapper (UGK)
* 1974 - Vida Guerra, Cuban-American swimsuit model
* 1975 - Vivian Hsu, Taiwanese singer, actress and model
* 1975 - Brann Dailor, American drummer
* 1975 - Matthew Richardson, Australian rules footballer
* 1976 - Zach Lind - American drummer (Jimmy Eat World)
* 1976 - Andre Miller, American basketball player
* 1976 - Rachel Blanchard, Canadian actress
* 1976 - Alessandro Nesta, Italian footballer
* 1977 - Jorma Taccone, American writer and comedian
* 1979 - Hee-Seop Choi, Korean baseball player
* 1979 - Ivan Ljubičić, Croatian tennis player
* 1979 - Christos Patsatzoglou, Greek footballer
* 1979 - Hedo Türkoğlu, Turkish basketball player
* 1980 - Mikuni Shimokawa, Japanese singer
* 1980 - Don Sparrow, Canadian illustrator
* 1981 - Kim Rae Won, South Korean actor and model
* 1981 - Kolo Touré, Ivorian footballer
* 1982 - Brad Jones, Australian footballer
* 1982 - Matt Littler, British actor
* 1982 - Jonathan Fanene, American football player
* 1983 - Ana Rezende, Brazilian film director and musician (CSS)
* 1983 - Matt Sydal, American professional wrestler
* 1984 - Tanushree Dutta, Indian actress
* 1985 - Ernesto Viso, Venezuelan racing driver
* 1987 - Michal Švec, Czech footballer
* 1988 - Clayton Kershaw, American baseball player
* 1993 - Munro Chambers, Canadian actor
* 1999 - Tatum McCann, American actress
* 2007 - Prince Abdullah bin Ali, Prince of Jordan

March 19

* 1279 - A Mongolian victory in the Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China.
* 1687 - Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by his own men.
* 1853 - The Taiping reform movement occupies and makes [Nanjing]] its capital until 1864.
* 1861 - The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand.
* 1863 - The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000.
* 1865 - American Civil War: The Battle of Bentonville begins. By the end of the battle two days later, Confederate forces had retreated from Four Oaks, North Carolina.
* 1915 - Pluto is photographed for the first time but is not recognized as a planet.
* 1916 - Eight American planes take off in pursuit of Pancho Villa, the first United States air-combat mission in history.
* 1918 - The U.S. Congress establishes time zones and approves daylight saving time.
* 1920 - The United States Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles for the second time (the first time was on November 19, 1919).
* 1921 - Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled and three wounded.
* 1931 - Gambling is legalized in Nevada.
* 1931 - The Harrisburg Symphony Orchestra plays its first concert in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
* 1932 - The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened.
* 1941 - World War II: The 99th Pursuit Squadron also known as the Tuskegee Airmen, the first all-black unit of the Army Air Corp, is activated.
* 1943 - Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard.
* 1944 - World War II: Nazi forces occupy Hungary.
* 1945 - World War II: Off the coast of Japan, a dive bomber hits the aircraft carrier USS Franklin (CV-13), killing 724 of her crew. Badly damaged, the ship is able to return to the U.S. under her own power.
* 1945 - World War II: Adolf Hitler issues his "Nero Decree" ordering all industries, military installations, shops, transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany to be destroyed.
* 1946 - French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion become overseas départements of France.
* 1954 - Joey Giardello knocks out Willie Tory in round seven at Madison Square Garden in the first televised prize boxing fight shown in color.
* 1954 - Willie Mosconi sets the world record by running 526 consecutive balls without a miss during a straight pool exhibition at East High Billiard Club in Springfield, Ohio. The record still stands today.
* 1958 - The Monarch Underwear Company fire leaves 24 dead and 15 injured.
* 1962 - Algerian War of Independence: A ceasefire takes effect.
* 1965 - The wreck of the SS Georgiana, valued at over $50,000,000 and said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is discovered by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence exactly 102 years after its destruction.
* 1966 - Texas Western becomes the first college basketball team to win the Final Four with an all-black starting lineup.
* 1969 - The 385 metres (1,260 ft) tall TV-mast at Emley Moor, United Kingdom, collapses due to ice build- up.
* 1972 - India and Bangladesh sign a friendship treaty.
* 1978 - UN Security Council Resolution 425 and 426 are passed, calling upon Israel immediately to cease its military action and withdraw its forces from all Lebanese territory (Operation Litani), and establishing the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL).
* 1979 - The United States House of Representatives begins broadcasting its day-to-day business via the cable television network C-SPAN.
* 1982 - Falklands War: Argentinian forces land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war with the United Kingdom.
* 1987 - Televangelist Jim Bakker resigns as head of the PTL Club due to a brewing sex scandal; he hands over control to Jerry Falwell.
* 1989 - The Egyptian Flag is raised on Taba announcing the end of the Israeli Occupation after the Yom Kippur War in 1973 and the Peace negotiations in 1979.
* 1995 - Michael Jordan comes out of "retirement" from the NBA and plays the Indiana Pacers in Indianapolis. He wore jersey number 45 because his number 23 was retired by the Chicago Bulls. The game paved the way for another "3-peat" by the Bulls. He scored 19 points in the game.
* 2001 - The Bank of Japan issues a monetary policy known as quantitative easing, which stimulated the Japanese economy after the burst of the dot-com bubble.
* 2002 - U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda ends (started on March 2) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters with 11 allied troop fatalities.
* 2004 - Äänekoski bus disaster: A semi-trailer truck and a bus crash head-on in Äänekoski, Finland. 24 people are killed and 13 injured.
* 2004 - A Swedish DC-3 shot down by a Russian MiG-15 in the 1950s is finally recovered after years of work. The remains of the crew are left in place, pending further investigations.
* 2004 - 3-19 Shooting Incident: Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot just before the country's presidential election on March 20.
* 2008 - GRB 080319B: A cosmic burst that is the farthest object visible to the naked eye was briefly observed on this day.

Thursday, February 12, 2009

February 12 Births

* 1074 - Conrad, King of Germany and Italy (d. 1101)
* 1218 - Kujo Yoritsune, Japanese shogun (d. 1256)
* 1567 - Thomas Campion, English composer and poet (d. 1620)
* 1606 - John Winthrop, the Younger, Governor of Connecticut (d. 1676)
* 1637 - Jan Swammerdam, Dutch biologist (d. 1680)
* 1663 - Cotton Mather, New England minister (d. 1728)
* 1665 - Rudolf Jakob Camerarius, German botanist and physician (d. 1721)
* 1704 - Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (d. 1772)
* 1728 - Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (d. 1799)
* 1753 - François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, French admiral (d. 1798)
* 1768 - Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1835)
* 1775 - Louisa Adams, First Lady of the United States, wife of John Quincy Adams (d. 1852)
* 1777 - Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué, German poet (d. 1843)
* 1777 - Bernard Courtois, French chemist (d. 1838)
* 1785 - Pierre Louis Dulong, French physicist (d. 1838)
* 1788 - Carl Reichenbach, German chemist and philosopher (d. 1869)
* 1791 - Peter Cooper, American Industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (d. 1883)
* 1794 - Alexander Petrov, Russian chess player (d. 1867)
* 1804 - Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (d. 1865)
* 1809 - Charles Darwin, English naturalist (d. 1882)
* 1809 - Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States (d. 1865)
* 1828 - George Meredith, English writer (d. 1909)
* 1843 - John Graham Chambers, English athlete who wrote the Queensberry rules for boxing (d. 1883)
* 1857 - Bobby Peel, English cricketer (d. 1943)
* 1861 - Lou Andreas-Salome, Russian-born author (d. 1937)
* 1865 - Kazimierz Tetmajer, Polish poet and writer (d. 1940)
* 1870 - Marie Lloyd, English music-hall performer (d. 1922)
* 1876 - Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama (d. 1933)
* 1880 - John L. Lewis, American labor union leader (d. 1969)
* 1881 - Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina (d. 1931)
* 1884 - Max Beckmann, German artist (d. 1950)
* 1884 - Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (d. 1957)
* 1884 - Johan Laidoner, Estonian military commander (d. 1953)
* 1885 - Julius Streicher, Nazi German publisher (d. 1946)
* 1893 - Omar Bradley, American general (d. 1981)
* 1897 - Vola Vale, American actress (d. 1970)
* 1898 - Wallace Ford, English-born actor (d. 1966)
* 1900 - Roger J. Traynor, American judge (d. 1980)
* 1902 - William Collier, American stage and film actor (d. 1987)
* 1903 - Chick Hafey, baseball player (d. 1973)
* 1903 - Joseph F. Biroc, American cinematographer (d. 1996)
* 1904 - Ted Mack, American television host (d. 1976)
* 1907 - Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (d. 1991)
* 1908 - Jacques Herbrand, French logician and mathematician (d. 1931)
* 1908 - Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (d. 1982)
* 1908 - August Neo, Estonian wrestler (d. 1982)
* 1909 - Sigmund Rascher, German SS doctor (d. 1945)
* 1911 - Stephen H. Sholes, American recording executive (d. 1968)
* 1912 - R. F. Delderfield, English author (d. 1972)
* 1914 - Tex Beneke, American musician and band leader (d. 2000)
* 1914 - Arvid Pardo, Maltese diplomat, a.k.a "Father of the Law of the Sea Conference" (d. 1999)
* 1915 - Lorne Greene, Canadian actor (d. 1987)
* 1916 - Joseph Alioto, Mayor of San Francisco (d. 1998)
* 1917 - Raizo Matsuno, Japanese politician (d. 2006)
* 1918 - Julian Schwinger, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
* 1919 - Forrest Tucker, American actor (d. 1986)
* 1920 - William Roscoe Estep, Baptist historian and professor (d. 2000)
* 1920 - Pran, Indian actor
* 1922 - Hussein bin Dato' Onn, Malaysian Prime Minister
* 1923 - Franco Zeffirelli, Italian film and opera director and designer
* 1923 - Chaskel Besser, Orthodox rabbi
* 1925 - Sir Anthony Berry, British politician (d. 1984)
* 1926 - Joe Garagiola, American baseball player and announcer
* 1926 - Charles Van Doren, American quiz show contestant
* 1930 - Arlen Specter, U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania
* 1931 - Janwillem van de Wetering, Dutch author
* 1932 - Axel Jensen, Norwegian author (d. 2003)
* 1932 - Julian Lincoln Simon, American economist and author (d. 1998)
* 1934 - Anne Krueger, American economist
* 1934 - Bill Russell, American basketball player
* 1934 - Annette Crosbie, Scottish actress
* 1935 - Gene McDaniels, American singer
* 1936 - Joe Don Baker, American actor
* 1936 - Paul Shenar, American actor
* 1937 - Charles Dumas, American athlete (d. 2004)
* 1938 - Judy Blume, American author
* 1938 - Johnny Rutherford, American race car driver
* 1938 - Peter Temple-Morris, Baron Temple-Morris, British politician
* 1939 - Ray Manzarek, American keyboardist (The Doors)
* 1940 - Richard Lynch, American actor
* 1941 - Naomi Uemura, Japanese adventurer
* 1942 - Ehud Barak, Prime Minister of Israel
* 1942 - Pat Dobson, American baseball player (d. 2006)
* 1944 - Moe Bandy, American singer
* 1945 - Maud Adams, Swedish actress
* 1945 - David Friedman, American economist
* 1946 - Cliff DeYoung, American actor and musician
* 1946 - Jean Eyeghe Ndong, Prime Minister of Gabon
* 1946 - Ajda Pekkan, Turkish singer
* 1947 - Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, Indian leader of Damdami Taksal (d. 1984)
* 1948 - Raymond Kurzweil, American inventor and author
* 1948 - Mike Robitaille, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1949 - Joaquín Sabina, Spanish singer and songwriter
* 1950 - Michael Ironside, Canadian actor
* 1950 - Steve Hackett, English guitarist (Genesis)
* 1951 - Steven Parent, Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
* 1952 - Michael McDonald, American musician
* 1952 - Simon MacCorkindale, British actor
* 1953 - Joanna Kerns, American actress
* 1953 - Nabil Shaban, British actor
* 1953 - Robin Thomas, American actor
* 1954 - Tzimis Panousis, Greek musician and stand-up comedian
* 1954 - Philip Zimmermann, American cryptographer
* 1955 - Arsenio Hall, American actor and talk show host
* 1955 - Bill Laswell, American bassist and record producer
* 1955 - Chet Lemon, American baseball player
* 1956 - Brian Robertson, Scottish musician (Thin Lizzy and Motörhead)
* 1958 - Grant McLennan, Australian musician (The Go-Betweens) (d. 2006)
* 1958 - Bobby Smith, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1959 - Sigrid Thornton, Australian actress
* 1959 - Larry Nance, American basketball player
* 1961 - Jim Harris, Canadian politician
* 1962 - Jimmy Kirkwood, Irish-born field hockey player
* 1963 - John Michael Higgins, American actor
* 1963 - Ed Lover, American radio personality
* 1967 - Chris McKinstry, Canadian computer scientist
* 1967 - Chitravina N. Ravikiran, Indian composer and musician
* 1968 - Josh Brolin, American actor
* 1968 - Grégory Charles, French Canadian singer, dancer, pianist, radio and television host
* 1968 - Christopher McCandless, American nomad, subject of biography Into the Wild (d. 1992)
* 1968 - Chynna Phillips, American singer
* 1968 - Kyle Vincent, American singer/songwriter
* 1969 - Darren Aronofsky, American director and writer
* 1969 - Hong Myung-Bo, Korean footballer
* 1969 - Meja, Swedish singer
* 1969 - Brad Werenka, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1970 - Jim Creeggan, Canadian bassist (Barenaked Ladies)
* 1970 - Judd Winick, writer and artist
* 1972 - Ajay Naidu, Indian-American actor
* 1972 - Owen Nolan, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1973 - Gianni Romme, Dutch speed skater
* 1973 - Tara Strong, Canadian voice actress
* 1974 - Toranosuke Takagi, Japanese race car driver
* 1974 - Fonzworth Bentley, American hip-hop artist
* 1975 - Scot Pollard, American basketball player
* 1976 - Anna Benson, American model
* 1976 - Christian Cullen, New Zealand rugby union footballer
* 1976 - Silvia Saint, Czech pornographic actress
* 1977 - Jimmy Conrad, American soccer player
* 1978 - Brett Hodgson, Australian rugby league footballer
* 1978 - Gethin Jones, British (Welsh) television presenter
* 1978 - Silver Meikar, Estonian politician
* 1979 - Antonio Chatman, National Football League runningback
* 1979 - Matt Mauck, American football player
* 1979 - Jesse Spencer, Australian actor
* 1980 - Juan Carlos Ferrero, Spanish tennis player
* 1980 - Sarah Lancaster, American actress
* 1980 - Christina Ricci, American actress
* 1981 - The Rev, American drummer (Avenged Sevenfold)
* 1982 - Louis Tsatoumas, Greek long jumper
* 1983 - Carlton Brewster, National Football League player
* 1984 - Peter Vanderkaay, American mid-distance swimmer
* 1984 - Brad Keselowski, NASCAR Nationwide Series Driver
* 1984 - Lolly Badcock, English pornographic actress
* 1985 - Saskia Burmeister Croft, Australian actress
* 1987 - Sarah Coburn, Irish Lawyer
* 1988 - Nana Eikura, Japanese actress
* 1991 - Faisal ibn Hamad Al Khalifah, prince of Bahrain (d. 2006)
* 1993 - Jennifer Stone, American actress

February 12 in History

* 881 - Pope John VIII crowns Charles the Fat, the King of Italy: Emperor
* 1429 - English forces under Sir John Fastolf defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army besieging Orleans from attack by the Comte de Clermont and John Stuart in the Battle of Rouvray (also known as the Battle of the Herrings).
* 1502 - Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal, on his second voyage to India.
* 1541 - Santiago, Chile is founded by Pedro de Valdivia.
* 1554 - A year after claiming the throne of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey is beheaded for treason.
* 1689 - The Convention Parliament convenes and declares that the flight to France in 1688 by James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch, constitutes an abdication.
* 1700 - The Great Northern War begins in Northern Europe.
* 1719 - The Onderlinge van 1719 u.a., the oldest existing life insurance company in the Netherlands is founded.
* 1733 - Englishman James Oglethorpe founds Georgia, the the 13th colony of the Thirteen Colonies, and its first city at Savannah (known as Georgia Day).
* 1771 - Gustav III becomes the King of Sweden.
* 1816 - The Teatro di San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is destroyed by fire.
* 1817 - An Argentine/Chilean patriotic army, after crossing the Andes, defeats Spanish troops on the Battle of Chacabuco.
* 1818 - Bernardo O'Higgins signs the Independence of Chile near Concepción.
* 1825 - The Creek cede the last of their lands in Georgia to the United States government, and migrate west.
* 1832 - Ecuador annexes the Galápagos Islands.
* 1855 - Michigan State University is established.
* 1870 - Women gain the right to vote in the Utah Territory.
* 1879 - The first artificial ice rink in North America opens at Gilmore's Park in New York City.
* 1894 - Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into Paris's Cafe Terminus, killing one and wounding 20.
* 1909 - The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded.
* 1912 - Xuantong Emperor of the Manchu Qing dynasty, the last Emperor of China, abdicates.
* 1912 - The Republic of China adopts the Gregorian calendar.
* 1914 - In Washington, D.C., the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place.
* 1924 - Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to deliver a political speech on radio.
* 1934 - The Austrian Civil War begins.
* 1934 - The Export-Import Bank of the United States is incorporated.
* 1934 - In Spain the national council of Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista is inaugurated. The council decides to merge the movement with the Falange Española.
* 1946 - World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 121 of 154 captured U-boats.
* 1961 - U.S.S.R. launches Venera 1 towards Venus.
* 1966 - Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, announced the Six Points in Karachi as the election manifesto of Awami League, that later led to formation of Bangladesh.
* 1973 - Vietnam War: The first United States prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong.
* 1990 - Carmen Lawrence becomes the first female Premier in Australian History when she becomes premier of Western Australia.
* 1997 - Hwang Jang-yop, secretary in the Workers' Party of Korea and a prime architect of North Korea's Juche doctrine, defects at the South Korean embassy in Beijing along with his aide, Kim Dok-hong.
* 1999 - President Bill Clinton is acquitted by the United States Senate in his impeachment trial.
* 2000 - Charles Schultz's famous comic strip Peanuts prints its last comic.
* 2001 - NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft touchdown in the "saddle" region of 433 Eros becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid.
* 2002 - The trial of former President of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević begins at the United Nations war crimes tribunal in The Hague. He dies four years later before its conclusion.
* 2002 - US Secretary of Energy makes the decision that Yucca Mountain is suitable to be the United States' nuclear waste repository.
* 2002 - An Iran Air Tupolev Tu-154 crashes in the mountains outside Khorramabad, Iran while descending for a landing at Khorramabad Airport, killing 119.
* 2004 - The city of San Francisco, California begins issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples in response to a directive from Mayor Gavin Newsom.
* 2006 - A powerful winter storm blankets the Northeastern United States dumping 1 to 2 feet of snow from Washington D.C. to Boston, Massachusetts. The storm dumps a record 26.9 inches of snow in New York City.
* 2007 - A gunman opens fire in a mall in Salt Lake City, killing 5 people in the Trolley Square shooting.

Tuesday, February 10, 2009

Feb 10 in history

# 1355 - The St. Scholastica's Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days.
# 1542 - Queen Catherine Howard of England is confined in the Tower of London to be executed three days later for treason (adultery).
# 1567 - An explosion destroys the Kirk o' Field house in Edinburgh, Scotland. The second husband of Mary Queen of Scots, Lord Darnley is found strangled, in what many believe to be an assassination.
# 1763 - French and Indian War: The 1763 Treaty of Paris ends the war and France cedes Quebec to Great Britain.
# 1798 - Louis Alexandre Berthier invades Rome, proclaims a Roman Republic on February 15 and then on February 20 takes Pope Pius VI prisoner.
# 1814 - Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Champaubert
# 1840 - Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
# 1846 - First Anglo-Sikh War: Battle of Sobraon - British defeat Sikhs in final battle of the war
# 1859 - The Boulder City Town Company (now the city of Boulder, Colorado) was founded.
# 1863 - The world-famous dwarfs General Tom Thumb and Lavinia Warren marry in New York City.
# 1870 - The YWCA is founded (New York City).
# 1904 - The Russo-Japanese War over Korea and Manchuria begins after the Battle of Port Arthur.
# 1906 - HMS Dreadnought (1906) is launched.
# 1920 - Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea.
# 1923 - Texas Tech University is founded as Texas Technological College in Lubbock, Texas.
# 1931 - New Delhi becomes the capital of India.
# 1933 - The New York City-based Postal Telegraph Company introduces the first singing telegram.
# 1933 - In round 13 of a boxing match at New York City's Madison Square Garden, Primo Carnera knocks out Ernie Schaaf, killing him.
# 1933 - Adolf Hitler makes a speech in Sportpalast, Berlin - 10 days after he became 'Reichskanzler' on January 30th.
# 1947 - Italy cedes most of Venezia Giulia to Yugoslavia.
# 1954 - President Dwight Eisenhower warns against United States intervention in Vietnam.
# 1962 - Captured American spy pilot Gary Powers is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.
# 1964 - Melbourne-Voyager collision: The aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne (R21) collides with the destroyer HMAS Voyager (D04) off the south coast of New South Wales, Australia.
# 1967 - The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified.
# 1981 - A fire at the Las Vegas Hilton hotel-casino kills eight and injures 198.
# 1989 - Ron Brown is elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee becoming the first African American to lead a major American political party.
# 1996 - The IBM supercomputer Deep Blue defeats Garry Kasparov for the first time.
# 1998 - Voters in Maine repeal a gay rights law passed in 1997 becoming the first U.S. state to abandon that law.
# 2003 - France and Belgium break the NATO procedure of silent approval concerning the timing of protective measures for Turkey in case of a possible war with Iraq.
# 2008 - The 2008 Namdaemun fire severely damages Namdaemun, the first National Treasure of South Korea