Thursday, June 26, 2008

1976 - The CN Tower, the world's tallest free-standing structure on land, is opened.

, located in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada, is a communications and tourist tower standing 553.33 metres (1,815.39 ft) tall. It surpassed the height of the Ostankino Tower while still under construction in 1975, becoming the tallest free-standing structure on land in the world. On September 12, 2007, after holding the record for 31 years, the CN tower was surpassed in height by the still-under-construction Burj Dubai. It remains the tallest free-standing structure in the Americas and the signature icon of Toronto's skyline, attracting more than two million international visitors annually

1945 - The United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco.

The United Nations Charter is the treaty that forms and establishes the international organization called the United Nations. It was signed at the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco, California, United States, on June 26, 1945, by 50 of the 51 original member countries (Poland, the other original member, which was not represented at the conference, signed it later). It entered into force on October 24, 1945, after being ratified by the five permanent members of the Security Council—the Republic of China (later replaced by the People's Republic of China), France, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (later replaced by the Russian Federation), the United Kingdom, and the United States—and a majority of the other signatories.

Today's Birthdays

* 1575 - Anne Catherine of Brandenburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1612)
* 1681 - Hedwig Sophia, duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, Swedish writer (d. 1708)
* 1689 - Edward Holyoke, American academic (d. 1769)
* 1694 - Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and mineralogist (d. 1768)
* 1702 - Philip Doddridge, English religious leader (d. 1751)
* 1703 - Thomas Clap, American academic (d. 1767)
* 1730 - Charles Messier, French Astronomer (d. 1817)
* 1817 - Branwell Bronte, British painter and poet (d. 1848)
* 1819 - Abner Doubleday, American Major General (d. 1893)
* 1824 - Lord Kelvin, Irish-born physicist (d. 1907)
* 1838 - Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Bengali Novelist (d. 1894)
* 1854 - Robert Laird Borden, Canadian politician (d. 1937)
* 1865 - Bernard Berenson, American art historian (d. 1959)
* 1866 - George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier of Egyptian excavations (d. 1923)
* 1869 - Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (d. 1954)
* 1880 - Natalia, Princess Brassova (d. 1952)
* 1892 - Pearl S. Buck, American writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
* 1895 - George Hainsworth, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1950)
* 1898 - Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer (d. 1978)
* 1898 - Chesty Puller, the most decorated Marine in history (d. 1971)
* 1899 - Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
* 1902 - Hugues Cuénod, Swiss Tenor
* 1904 - Frank Scott Hogg, Canadian astronomer (d. 1951)
* 1904 - Peter Lorre, Hungarian-born actor (d. 1964)
* 1906 - Alberto Rabagliati, Italian singer (d. 1974)
* 1906 - Viktor Schreckengost, American industrial designer (d. 2008)
* 1907 - Debs Garms, American baseball player (d. 1984)
* 1908 - Salvador Allende, Former President of Chile (1970-1973) (d. 1973)
* 1909 - Colonel Tom Parker, Elvis Presley's manager (d. 1997)
* 1911 - Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American athlete (d. 1956)
* 1913 - Aimé Césaire, French Martinican poet and politician (d. 2008)
* 1914 - Laurie Lee, British writer (d. 1997)
* 1915 - Paul Castellano, American mafia boss (d. 1985)
* 1915 - Charlotte Zolotow, American author
* 1919 - Richard Neustadt, American political historian (d. 2003)
* 1921 - Violette Szabo, French WWII secret agent (d. 1945)
* 1922 - Eleanor Parker, American actress
* 1923 - Barbara Graham, American murderer (d. 1955)
* 1924 - Costas Axelos, Greek philosopher
* 1925 - Pavel Belyayev, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1970)
* 1928 - Jacob Druckman, American composer (d. 1996)
* 1928 - Yoshiro Nakamatsu, Japanese inventor
* 1929 - Milton Glaser, American Designer
* 1933 - Claudio Abbado, Italian conductor
* 1933 - Gene Green, American baseball player (d. 1981)
* 1934 - Jeremy Wolfenden, British journalist (d. 1965)
* 1934 - Dave Grusin, American jazz pianist
* 1936 - Robert Maclennan, British politician
* 1936 - Jean-Claude Cardinal Turcotte, Archbishop of Montreal
* 1937 - Sombat Metanee, Thai film actor
* 1937 - Robert Coleman Richardson, American physicist, Nobel laureate
* 1938 - Gerald North, American climatologist
* 1940 - Billy Davis, Jr., American singer (The Fifth Dimension)
* 1941 - Yves Beauchemin, Canadian novelist
* 1942 - Gilberto Gil, Brazilian singer and Minister of Culture
* 1943 - John Beasley, American actor
* 1943 - Georgie Fame, British singer
* 1945 - Malachi York, Nuwaubian leader
* 1951 - Gary Gilmour, Australian cricketer
* 1954 - Steve Barton, American actor (d. 2001)
* 1955 - Mick Jones, British guitarist (The Clash, Big Audio Dynamite)
* 1956 - Chris Isaak, American singer
* 1957 - Patty Smyth, American singer (Scandal)
* 1957 - Philippe Couillard, Quebec neurosurgeon and politician
* 1959 - Mark McKinney, Canadian actor
* 1960 - Zachary Breaux, American jazz guitarist
* 1961 - Greg LeMond, American cyclist
* 1961 - Terri Nunn, American singer (Berlin)
* 1961 - Manu Chao, French Musician
* 1963 - Mikhail B. Khodorkovsky, Russian businessman
* 1963 - Richard Garfield, American game designer
* 1967 - Todd Pletcher, American horse trainer
* 1968 - Paolo Maldini, Italian footballer
* 1968 - Shannon Sharpe, American football player
* 1969 - Colin Greenwood, British musician (Radiohead)
* 1969 - Mike Myers, American baseball player
* 1970 - Chris O'Donnell, American actor
* 1970 - Sean Hayes, American Actor
* 1970 - Irv Gotti, American record producer
* 1970 - Paul Thomas Anderson, American filmmaker
* 1970 - Nick Offerman, American actor
* 1971 - Max Biaggi, Italian motorcycle racer
* 1972 - Garou, Canadian singer
* 1972 - Jai Taurima, Australian long jumper
* 1973 - Gretchen Wilson, American singer
* 1973 - Paweł Małaszyński, Polish actor
* 1973 - Jussi Sydänmaa, Finnish musician (Lordi)
* 1974 - Matt Striker, American professional wrestler
* 1974 - Derek Jeter, American baseball player
* 1974 - Jeff Frankenstein, American musician (Newsboys)
* 1974 - Jason Kendall, American baseball player
* 1974 - Nicole Saba, Lebanese singer
* 1975 - Jonah Sorrentino, American hip hop artist
* 1975 - Terry Skiverton, English football player
* 1976 - Ed Jovanovski, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1976 - Chad Pennington, American football player
* 1976 - Joe Landon, American pornographic actor
* 1977 - Kubo Tite, Japanese cartoonist
* 1978 - Alexandra, French singer, L5's singer
* 1979 - Wálter Herrmann, Argentinian basketball player
* 1979 - Andy O'Brien, English footballer
* 1979 - Ryo Fukuda, Japanese racing driver
* 1980 - Jason Schwartzman, American actor
* 1980 - Michael Vick, American football player
* 1980 - Chris Shelton, American baseball player
* 1980 - Sinik, French singer and rapper
* 1984 - Elijah Dukes, American baseball player
* 1984 - Raymond Felton, American basketball player
* 1984 - Deron Williams, American basketball player
* 1984 - Jose Juan Barea, American basketball player
* 1985 - Urgyen Trinley Dorje, Tibetan spiritual leader
* 1986 - Casey Desmond, American singer
* 1987 - Carlos Iaconelli, Brazilian racing driver
* 1987 - Samir Nasri, French footballer, currently playing for Marseille
* 1992 - Jennette McCurdy, American actress
* 2005 - Princess Alexia of the Netherlands

Sunday, June 22, 2008

June 22 Birthdays

* 1680 - Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (d. 1754)
* 1684 - Francesco Manfredini, Italian baroque composer (d. 1762)
* 1704 - John Taylor, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
* 1713 - Lord John Philip Sackville, English cricketer (d. 1765)
* 1738 - Jacques Delille, French poet and translator (d. 1813)
* 1757 - George Vancouver, British explorer (d. 1798)
* 1767 - Wilhelm von Humboldt, German philosopher and statesman (d. 1835)
* 1805 - Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian politician (d. 1872)
* 1837 - Paul Morphy, American chess master (d. 1884)
* 1845 - Tom Dula, American folk character (Tom Dooley) (d. 1868)
* 1856 - H. Rider Haggard, English author (d. 1925)
* 1861 - Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (d. 1914)
* 1864 - Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician (d. 1909)
* 1871 - William McDougall, British psychologist and polymath (d. 1938)
* 1879 - Thibaudeau Rinfret, jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (d. 1962)
* 1884 - James Rector, American athlete (d. 1949)
* 1885 - Milan Vidmar, Slovenian engineer and chess player (d. 1962)
* 1887 - Julian Huxley, British biologist (d. 1975)
* 1888 - Harold Burton, U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1964)
* 1892 - Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (d. 1945)
* 1897 - Edmund A. Chester, American broadcaster and journalist (d. 1973)
* 1897 - Norbert Elias, German sociologist (d. 1990)
* 1898 - Erich Maria Remarque, German writer (d. 1970)
* 1899 - Michał Kalecki, Polish economist (d. 1970)
* 1902 - Marguerite De La Motte, American actress (d. 1950)
* 1903 - Carl Hubbell, baseball player (d. 1988)
* 1903 - John Dillinger, American bank robber (d. 1934)
* 1906 - Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and pilot (d. 2001)
* 1906 - Billy Wilder, Austrian-born director (d. 2002)
* 1907 - Mike Todd, American film producer (d. 1958)
* 1909 - Maurice Adler, American film producer (d. 1960)
* 1910 - Peter Pears, English tenor (d. 1986)
* 1910 - Konrad Zuse, German engineer and computer pioneer (d. 1995)
* 1912 - Princess Caroline Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1983)
* 1916 - Johnny Jacobs, American television announcer (d. 1982)
* 1919 - Gower Champion, American dancer and choreographer (d. 1980)
* 1920 - Paul Frees, American voice actor (d. 1986)
* 1921 - Joseph Papp, American director and producer (d. 1991)
* 1922 - Bill Blass, American fashion designer (d. 2002)
* 1922 - Geza Vermes, Hungarian author and scholar of religious history and the Dead Sea Scrolls
* 1922 - Mona Lisa, Filipino actress
* 1927 - Ann Petersen, Belgian actress (d. 2003)
* 1930 - Yuri Artyukhin, cosmonaut (d. 1998)
* 1932 - Amrish Puri, Indian actor (d. 2005)
* 1932 - Prunella Scales, English actress
* 1933 - Dianne Feinstein, American politician
* 1933 - Jacques Martin, French TV host (d. 2007)
* 1933 - Libor Pešek, Czech conductor
* 1936 - Kris Kristofferson, American singer/songwriter and actor
* 1936 - Hermeto Pascoal, Brazilian musician
* 1939 - Don Matthews, American football coach in the CFL
* 1940 - Esther Rantzen, British TV presenter
* 1940 - Abbas Kiarostami, Iranian filmmaker/poet
* 1941 - Ed Bradley, American journalist (d. 2006)
* 1941 - Michael Lerner, American actor
* 1943 - Brit Hume, American news anchor and commentator
* 1943 - Eumir Deodato, Brazilian artist, producer and arranger
* 1944 - Klaus Maria Brandauer, Austrian actor
* 1944 - Peter Asher, British singer, guitarist and producer (Peter & Gordon)
* 1946 - Eliades Ochoa, Cuban guitarist (Buena Vista Social Club)
* 1947 - Octavia Butler, American author (d. 2006)
* 1947 - Jerry Rawlings, former President of Ghana
* 1947 - David Lander, American actor and baseball scout
* 1947 - Howard Kaylan, founding member of The Turtles
* 1947 - Pete Maravich, American basketball player (d. 1988)
* 1948 - Todd Rundgren, American songwriter and record producer
* 1949 - Meryl Streep, American actress
* 1949 - Lindsay Wagner, American actress
* 1949 - Alan Osmond, American singer
* 1952 - Graham Greene, Canadian actor
* 1953 - Cyndi Lauper, American singer
* 1953 - Bruce McAvaney, Australian sports broadcaster
* 1954 - Freddie Prinze, American actor and comedian (d. 1977)
* 1956 - Tim Russ, American actor
* 1956 - Shah Mehmood Qureshi, Pakistani Politician and Foreign Minister
* 1955 - Green Gartside, Welsh singer songwriter
* 1957 - Garry Gary Beers, Australian bassist from group INXS
* 1957 - Danny Baker, English comedy writer and radio presenter
* 1958 - Bruce Campbell, American actor
* 1959 - Wayne Federman, American comedian
* 1959 - Nicola Sirkis, French singer and lyricist (Indochine)
* 1959 - Mike O'Meara, co-host of Don and Mike Show
* 1960 - Erin Brockovich-Ellis
* 1961 - Stephen Batchelor
* 1961 - Jimmy Sommerville, Scottish singer (Bronski Beat, Communards)
* 1962 - Clyde Drexler, former American NBA player
* 1962 - Stephen Chow, Hong Kong actor and director
* 1962 - Bobby Gillespie, Scottish musician (Primal Scream)
* 1963 - Randy Couture, American mixed martial artist
* 1963 - John Tenta, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 2006)
* 1964 - Dan Brown, American author
* 1965 - Ľubomír Moravčík, Slovakian footballer
* 1966 - Michael Park, WRC co-pilot (d. 2005)
* 1966 - Emmanuelle Seigner, French actress
* 1968 - Darrell Armstrong, American basketball player
* 1970 - Steven Page, Canadian singer (Barenaked Ladies)
* 1970 - Michel Elefteriades, Greek-Lebanese politician, artist, producer and businessman
* 1971 - Mary Lynn Rajskub, American actress
* 1971 - Kurt Warner, American football player
* 1973 - Carson Daly, American television personality
* 1974 - Donald Faison, American actor
* 1974 - Joseph Vijay, Indian actor
* 1975 - Andreas Klöden, German professional road bicycle racer
* 1975 - Laila Rouass, Moroccan-Indian actress
* 1976 - Gordon Moakes, English musician (Bloc Party)
* 1978 - Champ Bailey, American football player
* 1978 - Jai Rodriguez, American TV personality
* 1978 - Dan Wheldon, British race car driver
* 1979 - Joey Cheek, American speed skater
* 1979 - Thomas Voeckler, French road bicycle racer
* 1979 - Brad Hawpe, American baseball player
* 1981 - Chris Urbanowicz, guitarist of British rock band Editors
* 1982 - Soraia Chaves, Portuguese actress and model
* 1982 - Ian Kinsler, American baseball player
* 1984 - Jerome Taylor, West Indies international cricketer
* 1984 - Janko Tipsarević, Serbian tennis player
* 1985 - Rosa Kato, Italian-Japanese model and actress
* 1985 - Sofoklis Schortsanitis, Greek-Cameroonian basketball player
* 1986 - Ramin Ott, American Samoan football player
* 1988 - Kieran Lee, English football player

1848 - Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris.

The June Days Uprising (French: les journées de Juin) refers to the French workers' revolt from June 23 to June 25, 1848, after the closure of the National Workshops created by the Second Republic to give work to the unemployed. The repression, led by general Cavaignac, killed 1,500, while 15,000 prisoners were deported to Algeria. Cavaignac was then named head of the executive power while Louis Blanc was judicially persecuted by the government. This marked the end of the hopes of a "Democratic and Social Republic" (République démocratique et sociale) and the victory of the liberals over the Radical Republicans.

Friday, June 6, 2008

1889- The Great Seattle Fire

The Great Seattle Fire was a fire that destroyed the entire central business district of Seattle, Washington, on June 6, 1889. At approximately 2:30 pm on June 6, 1889, an accidentally overturned glue pot in the carpentry shop of John Bachs started the most destructive fire in the history of Seattle.

1925 1925 - The Chrysler Corporation is founded by Walter Percy Chrysler.

Chrysler LLC is an American automobile manufacturer that has been producing automobiles since 1925 and from 1914 under the Dodge name. From 1998 to 2007, Chrysler and its subsidiaries were part of the German based DaimlerChrysler (now Daimler AG). Prior to 1998, Chrysler Corporation traded under the "C" symbol on the NYSE. Under DaimlerChrysler, the company was named "DaimlerChrysler Motors Company LLC", with its U.S. operations generally referred to as the "Chrysler Group".

On May 14, 2007 DaimlerChrysler AG announced the sale of 80.1% of Chrysler Group to American private equity firm Cerberus Capital Management, L.P., although Daimler continues to hold a 19.9% stake. It is then that the company gained its current name. The deal was finalized on August 3, 2007.

1944 D-Day, code named Operation Overlord commences

1944 - World War II: Battle of Normandy begins. D-Day, code named Operation Overlord, commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France. The allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland in the largest amphibious military operation in history. Allied land forces that saw combat in Normandy on June 6 came from Canada, Free French Forces, the United Kingdom, and the United States. In the weeks following the invasion, Polish forces also participated and there were also contingents from Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Greece, and the Netherlands. Most of the above countries also provided air and naval support, as did the Royal Australian Air Force, Royal New Zealand Air Force and the Royal Norwegian Navy.

The Normandy invasion began with overnight parachute and glider landings, massive air attacks, naval bombardments, an early morning amphibious landing and during the evening the remaining elements of the parachute divisions landed. The "D-Day" forces deployed from bases along the south coast of England, the most important of these being Portsmouth.

June 6 Birthdays

* 1236 - Wen Tianxiang, Chinese prime minister (d. 1283)
* 1436 - Regiomontanus, German mathematician (d. 1476)
* 1502 - King John III of Portugal (d. 1557)
* 1519 - Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist (d. 1603)
* 1542 - Richard Grenville, English soldier and explorer (d. 1591)
* 1576 - Giovanni Diodati, Swiss Protestant clergyman (d. 1649)
* 1580 - Godefroy Wendelin, Flemish astronomer (d. 1667)
* 1599 - Diego Velázquez, Spanish painter (d. 1660)
* 1606 - Pierre Corneille, French dramatist (d. 1684)
* 1622 - Claude-Jean Allouez, French Jesuit missionary and explorer (d.1857)
* 1714 - King Joseph I of Portugal (d. 1777)
* 1755 - Nathan Hale, American writer and patriot (d. 1776)
* 1756 - John Trumbull, American painter (d. 1843)
* 1772 - Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Holy Roman Empire Empress consort (d. 1807)
* 1799 - Alexander Pushkin, Russian poet (d. 1837)
* 1810 - Friedrich Wilhelm Schneidewin, German classical scholar (d. 1856)
* 1829 - Shusaku Honinbo, Japanese Go player (d. 1862)
* 1841 - Eliza Orzeszkowa, Polish novelist (d.1910)
* 1844 - Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (d. 1905)
* 1850 - Karl Ferdinand Braun, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1918)
* 1857 - Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (d. 1918)
* 1862 - Henry John Newbolt, English author (d. 1938)
* 1867 - David Abercrombie, Abercrombie & Fitch founder (d. 1931)
* 1868 - Robert Falcon Scott, English explorer (d. 1912)
* 1872 - Tsarina Alexandra of Russia (d. 1918)
* 1875 - Thomas Mann, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
* 1890 - Ted Lewis, American bandleader (d. 1971)
* 1892 - Donald F. Duncan Sr., American entrepreneur (d. 1971)
* 1896 - Henry Allingham, English first world war veteran
* 1898 - Ninette de Valois, Irish dancer (d. 2001)
* 1898 - Walter Abel, American actor (d. 1987)
* 1900 - Manfred Sakel, Polish psychiatrist (d. 1957)
* 1901 - Sukarno, first President of Indonesia (d. 1970)
* 1902 - Jimmie Lunceford, American bandleader (d. 1947)
* 1903 - Aram Khachaturian, Armenian composer (d. 1978)
* 1906 - Max August Zorn, German-born mathematician (d. 1993)
* 1907 - Bill Dickey, American baseball player (d. 1993)
* 1913 - Carlo L. Golino, American scholar (d. 1991)
* 1915 - Vincent Persichetti, American composer (d. 1987)
* 1916 - Henriette Roosenburg, Dutch journalist (d. 1972)
* 1917 - Kirk Kerkorian, American businessman
* 1918 - Edwin G. Krebs, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
* 1923 - V. C. Andrews, American author (d. 1986)
* 1924 - Jinyong, Chinese novelist
* 1926 - Klaus Tennstedt, German conductor (d. 1998)
* 1929 - Sunil Dutt, Indian actor and politician (d. 2005)
* 1932 - David Scott, American astronaut
* 1933 - Heinrich Rohrer, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
* 1934 - King Albert II of Belgium
* 1934 - Roy Innis, American civil rights activist
* 1936 - Levi Stubbs, American musician (The Four Tops)
* 1936 - A. Venkatesh Naik, Indian politician
* 1938 - Prince Luís of Orléans-Braganza, pretender to the Brazilian throne
* 1939 - Louis Andriessen, Dutch composer
* 1939 - Gary U.S. Bonds, American musician
* 1939 - Ed Giacomin, hockey player
* 1940 - Larry Lujack, American disc jockey
* 1941 - Alexander Cockburn, Scottish-born American journalist
* 1943 - Ken Hatfield, former N.C.A.A. Football Head Coach
* 1943 - Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
* 1944 - David Penhaligon, British politician
* 1944 - Phillip Allen Sharp, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
* 1945 - David E. Bonior, American politician
* 1945 - David Dukes, American actor (d. 2000)
* 1947 - David Blunkett, English politician
* 1947 - Ada Kok, Dutch swimmer
* 1948 - Tony Levin, American bassist (King Crimson)
* 1948 - Richard Sinclair, English musician (Caravan)
* 1949 - Robert Englund, American actor
* 1949 - Holly Near, American folksinger
* 1950 - Chantal Akerman, Belgian film director
* 1951 - Noritake Takahara, Japanese racing driver
* 1952 - Yukihiro Takahashi, Japanese musician and singer (Yellow Magic Orchestra)
* 1952 - Harvey Fierstein, American actor
* 1952 - Jean Hamel, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1953 - Dimitris Avramopoulos, Greek politician
* 1954 - Cynthia Rylant, American author
* 1955 - Sandra Bernhard, American actress and comedian
* 1956 - Björn Borg, Swedish tennis player
* 1956 - Bubbi Morthens, Icelandic singer and songwriter
* 1957 - Mike Gatting, English cricketer
* 1959 - Jimmy Jam, American record producer
* 1959 - Colin Quinn, American comedian
* 1959 - David Schultz, American wrestler (d. 1996)
* 1959 - Georgios Voulgarakis, Greek politician
* 1960 - Gary Graham, American actor
* 1960 - Steve Vai, American musician
* 1960 - Jozef Pribilinec, Slovak athlete
* 1961 - Bill Bates, American football player
* 1961 - Tom Araya, Chilean musician (Slayer)
* 1961 - Nir Brand, Israeli composer
* 1961 - Aldo Costa, Italian engineer
* 1963 - Wolfgang Drechsler, German social scientist
* 1963 - Jason Isaacs, English actor
* 1965 - Cam Neely, Canadian hockey player
* 1966 - Tony Yeboah, Ghanaian footballer
* 1966 - Sean Yseult, American musician (White Zombie)
* 1967 - Paul Giamatti, American actor
* 1968 - François Avard, Canadian writer and scenarist
* 1968 - Alan Licht, American guitarist, composer and journalist
* 1970 - Eugeni Berzin, Russian cyclist
* 1970 - Anthony Norris, American professional wrestler
* 1970 - James Shaffer, American rock musician (Korn)
* 1970 - Sarah Dessen, American author
* 1972 - Cristina Scabbia, Italian singer (Lacuna Coil)
* 1973 - Kat Swift, US Presidential Candidate (Green Party)
* 1974 - Danny Strong, American actor
* 1975 - Cheer Chen, Taiwanese singer and musician
* 1975 - Nina Kaczorowski, American actress
* 1975 - Staci Keanan, American actress
* 1975 - Niklas Sundström, hockey player
* 1976 - aKido, Canadian musician
* 1976 - Ross Noble, British comedian
* 1976 - Geoff Rowley, British skateboarder
* 1977 - David Connolly, Irish footballer
* 1978 - Carl Barât, English musician (The Libertines and Dirty Pretty Things)
* 1978 - Judith Barsi, American actress (d. 1988)
* 1978 - Mariana Popova, Bulgarian singer
* 1980 - Matt Belisle, American baseball player
* 1980 - Martin Devaney, English footballer
* 1983 - Gemma Bissix, British actress
* 1983 - Gianna Michaels, American porn actress
* 1984 - Noor Sabri, Iraqi footballplayer
* 1984 - Shannon Stewart, American model
* 1985 - Drew Galloway, Scottish professional wrestler
* 1987 - Kyle Falconer, Scottish musician
* 1987 - Daniel Logan, New Zealand actor

Wednesday, June 4, 2008

The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989

The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, widely known as the Tiananmen Square Massacre, in China referred to as the June Fourth Incident to avoid confusion with the two other Tiananmen Square protests, were a series of demonstrations led by labor activists, students, and intellectuals in the People's Republic of China (PRC) between April 15 and June 4, 1989. While the protests lacked a unified cause or leadership, participants were generally against the authoritarianism and economic policies of the ruling Chinese Communist Party and voiced calls for democratic reform within the structure of the government. The demonstrations centered on Tiananmen Square in Beijing, but large-scale protests also occurred in cities throughout China, including Shanghai, which stayed peaceful throughout the protests. In Beijing, the resulting military crackdown on the protesters by the PRC government left many civilians dead or injured. The reported tolls ranged from 200–300 (PRC government figures), to 300–800 (The New York Times), and to 2,000–3,000 (Chinese student associations and Chinese Red Cross).

Following the violence, the government conducted widespread arrests to suppress protesters and their supporters, cracked down on other protests around China, banned the foreign press from the country and strictly controlled coverage of the events in the PRC press. Members of the Party who had publicly sympathized with the protesters were purged, with several high-ranking members placed under house arrest, such as General Secretary Zhao Ziyang. The violent suppression of the Tiananmen Square protest caused widespread international condemnation of the PRC government

1584 Roanoke Colony Founded

Roanoke Island was the site of the 16th century Roanoke Colony, the first English colony in the New World in what was then called Virginia, in honor of England's ruling monarch, Queen Elizabeth I. There were two major groups of settlers who attempted to establish a permanent settlement at Roanoke Island, and each failed.

The first attempt to establish the Roanoke Colony was run by Ralph Lane after Sir Richard Grenville, who had transported the colonists to Virginia, returned to England for supplies as planned. Unfortunately for the colonists, who were desperately in need of supplies, Grenville's return was delayed. As a result, when Sir Francis Drake put in at Roanoke after attacking the Spanish colony of St. Augustine, the entire population of the colony returned with Drake to England.

In 1587, the English again attempted to settle. John White, father of one of the colonists, and grandfather to the first English child born in the New World, Virginia Dare, left the colony to return to England for supplies that he felt would help the colonists to survive, expecting to return to Roanoke Island within three months. Instead, he found England at war with Spain, and all ships were confiscated for use of the war efforts. His return to Roanoke Island was delayed until 1590. When he finally returned, the colonists had disappeared. The only thing he found was the word "CROATOAN" carved into a nearby tree. Before leaving the colony for England three years earlier, White left instructions with the colonists that if they were forced to abandon their settlement on Roanoke, that they were to carve out a cross on a tree upon the island.

"CROATOAN" was the name of an island to the south (modern-day Hatteras Island), where a friendly native tribe were known to live, and it was thus reasonable to assume that the colonists had left the Roanoke settlement bound for that island. However, foul weather would keep White from venturing south to search on Croatoan for the colonists, and they returned to England. White would never return to the New World. The fate of the colony has never been authoritatively ascertained, and consequently it became known as "The Lost Colony".

Tuesday, June 3, 2008

1968 Valerie Solanas shoots Andy Warhol

Valerie Jean Solanas (April 9, 1936 – April 26, 1988) was an American radical feminist writer best known for shooting the artist Andy Warhol in 1968. She wrote the SCUM Manifesto, an essay on patriarchal culture advocating the creation of an all-female society.

1940 The Battle of Dunkirk

The Battle of Dunkirk was the defense and evacuation of the British and Allied forces that had been separated from the main body of the French defenses by the German advance.

After the seven months of the Phoney War, the Battle of France began in earnest on 10 May 1940. To the east, the German Army Group B invaded and subdued the Netherlands and advanced westwards through Belgium. On the 14 May, Army Group A burst through the Ardennes region and advanced rapidly to the west toward Sedan, then turned northwards to the English Channel, in what Generalfeldmarschall Erich von Manstein called the "sickle cut" (known as the Manstein Plan).

A series of Allied counter-attacks, including the Battle of Arras, failed to sever the German spearhead, which reached the coast on 20 May, separating the British Expeditionary Force near Armentières, the French First Army, and the Belgian army further to the north from the majority of French troops south of the German penetration. After reaching the Channel, the Germans swung north along the coast, threatening to capture the ports and trap the British and French forces before they could evacuate to Britain.

1937 The Duke of Windsor marries Wallis Simpson

Wallis, Duchess of Windsor (previously Wallis Simpson; previously Wallis Spencer; born Bessie Wallis Warfield; 19 June 1895 or 1896 – 24 April 1986) was the American wife of Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor.

During her second marriage, she allegedly became the mistress of Edward, Prince of Wales in 1934. Two years later, after Edward's accession as King, he proposed marriage. The King's desire to marry a twice-divorced American with two living ex-husbands and a reputation as an opportunist caused a constitutional crisis in the United Kingdom and the Dominions, which ultimately led to the King's abdication in December 1936 to marry "the woman I love"

1888 Casey at the Bat first published

"Casey at the Bat", subtitled "A Ballad of the Republic Sung in the Year 1888", is a baseball poem written in 1888 by Ernest Thayer. First published in the San Francisco Examiner on June 3, 1888, it was later popularized by DeWolf Hopper in many vaudeville performances.

In the poem, a baseball team from the fictional town of Mudville is losing by two runs with two outs in their last at bats, but they think they can win "if only" they could somehow get "mighty Casey" up to bat. Two weak hitters manage to get on base, and Casey comes to bat with the tying run in scoring position. The beloved Casey, Mudville's star player, is so confident in his abilities that he doesn't swing at the first two pitches, both strikes. On the last pitch, the overconfident Casey strikes out, ending the game and sending the crowd home unhappy.

The poem is filled with references to baseball as it was in 1888, which in many ways is not far removed from today's version. As a work, the poem encapsulates much of the appeal of baseball, including the involvement of the crowd. It also has a fair amount of baseball jargon that can pose challenges for translators.

1864 The Battle of Cold Harbor

The Battle of Cold Harbor, the final battle of Union Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign during the American Civil War, is remembered as one of American history's bloodiest, most lopsided battles. Thousands of Union soldiers were slaughtered in a hopeless frontal assault against the fortified troops of Confederate General Robert E. Lee. Grant said of the battle in his memoirs "I have always regretted that the last assault at Cold Harbor was ever made. I might say the same thing of the assault of the 22d of May, 1863, at Vicksburg. At Cold Harbor no advantage whatever was gained to compensate for the heavy loss we sustained."

1098 The Siege of Antioch ends

The Siege of Antioch took place during the First Crusade in 1097 and 1098. The first siege, by the crusaders against the Muslim city, lasted from October 21, 1097, to June 2, 1098. The second siege, against the crusaders who had occupied it, lasted from June 7 to June 28, 1098.

Monday, June 2, 2008

KenJennings begins Jeopardy Run

Kenneth Wayne Jennings III (born May 23, 1974) holds the record for the longest winning streak on the U.S. syndicated game show Jeopardy! Jennings won 74 games before he was defeated by challenger Nancy Zerg on his 75th appearance. His total earnings on Jeopardy! are US $3,022,700 ($2,520,700 in winnings, a $2,000 2nd-place prize in his 75th appearance, and $500,000 in the Jeopardy! Ultimate Tournament of Champions). Jennings held the record for most winnings on any game show ever until the end of the Ultimate Tournament of Champions (first aired on May 25, 2005), when he was displaced by Brad Rutter, who defeated Jennings in that tournament.

1886 Grover Cleveland marries Frances Folsom

Frances Cornelia Folsom Cleveland-Preston (July 21, 1864 – October 29, 1947), wife of the President of the United States, Grover Cleveland, and First Lady of the United States from 1886 to 1889, and again from 1893 to 1897. the wedding took place on June 2, 1886, making them the first and only first couple to be wed in the executive mansion. At age 21, she was the youngest American First Lady.

1855 The Portland Rum Riot

The Portland Rum Riot, also called the Maine Law Riot, was a brief but violent period of civil unrest that occurred in Portland, Maine on 2 June 1855. The underlying stimulus of the riot was anger over the Maine law of 1851 which outlawed the manufacture and sale of alcohol in the state, except for medicinal and mechanical purposes.

Rumors began to spread that Portland Mayor Neal S. Dow, (1804-1897), also known as the "Napoleon of Temperance" an outspoken prohibitionist, was keeping a large supply of alcohol in the city. It is true that Dow had authorized a shipment of $1,600 worth of "medicinal and mechanical alcohol" that was being stored in the city for distribution to pharmacists and doctors (as was authorized under the Maine law) but this detail was not widely reported.

1763 Pontiac's Rebellion

Fort Michilimackinac (present Mackinaw City, Michigan), was the largest fort taken by surprise. On June 2, 1763, local Ojibwas staged a game of stickball (a forerunner of lacrosse) with visiting Sauks. The soldiers watched the game, as they had done on previous occasions. The ball was hit through the open gate of the fort; the teams rushed in and were then handed weapons which had been smuggled into the fort by Indian women. About fifteen men of the 35 man garrison were killed in the struggle; five more were later tortured to death.