Wednesday, December 23, 2015

December 23 Birthdays

1173 – Louis I, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1231)
1513 – Thomas Smith, English diplomat and scholar (d. 1577)
1582 – Severo Bonini, Italian organist and composer (d. 1663)
1597 – Martin Opitz, German poet and composer (d. 1639)
1613 – Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Swedish field marshal and politician, Lord High Constable of Sweden (d. 1676)
1621 – Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham, English politician, Lord Chancellor of England (d. 1682)
1621 – Edmund Berry Godfrey, English judge (d. 1678)
1689 – Joseph Bodin de Boismortier, French composer (d. 1755)
1690 – Pamheiba, Indian emperor (d. 1751)
1713 – Maruyama Gondazaemon, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 3rd Yokozuna (d. 1749)
1732 – Richard Arkwright, English businessman and inventor, invented the Water frame and Spinning frame (d. 1792)
1750 – Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (d. 1827)
1758 – Nathan Wilson, American soldier and politician (d. 1834)
1777 – Alexander I of Russia (d. 1825)
1790 – Jean-François Champollion, French philologist, orientalist, and scholar (d. 1832)
1804 – Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French author, critic, and academic (d. 1869)
1805 – Joseph Smith, American religious leader, 1st President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1844)
1812 – Samuel Smiles, Scottish-English author (d. 1904)
1819 – Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate, Dutch poet and clergyman (d. 1889)
1822 – Wilhelm Bauer, German engineer (d. 1875)
1839 – János Murkovics, Slovene-Hungarian author and educator (d. 1917)
1843 – Richard Conner, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1924)
1854 – Henry B. Guppy, English botanist and author (d. 1926)
1864 – Princess Zorka of Montenegro (d. 1890)
1867 – Madam C. J. Walker, American businesswoman and philanthropist, founded the Madame C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company (d. 1919)
1870 – John Marin, American painter (d. 1953)
1874 – Viggo Wiehe, Danish actor (d. 1956)
1878 – Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-American engineer and academic (d. 1972)
1885 – Pierre Brissaud, French illustrator, painter, and engraver (d. 1964)
1896 – Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Italian lieutenant and author (d. 1957)
1900 – Merle Barwis, American-Canadian super-centenarian (d. 2014)
1900 – Otto Soglow, American cartoonist (d. 1975)
1902 – Norman Maclean, American author and academic (d. 1990)
1902 – Charan Singh, Indian lawyer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of India (d. 1987)
1907 – Manuel Lopes, Cape Verdean author and poet (d. 2005)
1907 – James Roosevelt, American general and politician (d. 1991)
1907 – Avraham Stern, Polish Zionist leader (d. 1942)
1908 – Yousuf Karsh, Turkish-Canadian photographer (d. 2002)
1910 – Kurt Meyer, German SS officer (d. 1961)
1911 – James Gregory, American actor (d. 2002)
1911 – Niels Kaj Jerne, English-Danish physician and immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)
1911 – Marie Orav, Estonian chess player (d. 1994)
1916 – Dino Risi, Italian director and screenwriter (d. 2008)
1918 – José Greco, Italian-American dancer and choreographer (d. 2000)
1918 – Kumar Pallana, Indian-American actor (d. 2013)
1918 – Helmut Schmidt, German soldier, economist, and politician, 5th Chancellor of Germany (d. 2015)
1919 – Kenneth M. Taylor, American pilot and general (d. 2006)
1920 – Birger Malmsten, Swedish actor (d. 1991)
1921 – Guy Beaulne, Canadian actor and director (d. 2001)
1922 – Micheline Ostermeyer, French discus thrower, shot putter, and pianist (d. 2001)
1923 – Onofre Marimón, Argentinian race car driver (d. 1954)
1923 – Günther Schifter, Austrian journalist and radio host (d. 2008)
1923 – James Stockdale, American admiral and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2005)
1924 – Bob Kurland, American basketball player and politician (d. 2013)
1925 – Duncan Hallas, English author and politician (d. 2002)
1925 – Rayner Unwin, English publisher (d. 2000)
1926 – Robert Bly, American poet and author
1928 – Chronis Aidonidis, Greek singer
1929 – Chet Baker, American trumpet player and singer (d. 1988)
1929 – Ike Jones, American actor and producer (d. 2014)
1929 – Dick Weber, American bowler (d. 2005)
1931 – Patricia Hardy, American actress (d. 2011)
1931 – Ronnie Schell, American actor
1932 – Richard Clark Barkley, American soldier, academic, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to East Germany (d. 2015)
1933 – Akihito, Japanese emperor
1933 – Noella Leduc, American baseball player (d. 2014)
1935 – Paul Hornung, American football player and sportscaster
1935 – Abdul Ghani Minhat, Malaysian footballer and manager (d. 2012)
1935 – Esther Phillips, American singer (d. 1984)
1936 – Frederic Forrest, American actor
1937 – Avi, American author
1937 – Barney Rosenzweig, American screenwriter and producer
1937 – Nelson Shanks, American painter (d. 2015)
1938 – Bob Kahn, American computer scientist and engineer, co-developed the Transmission Control Protocol
1939 – Nancy Graves, American artist (d. 1995)
1939 – La Lupe, Cuban-American singer-songwriter (d. 1992)
1940 – Jorma Kaukonen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Jefferson Airplane and Hot Tuna)
1940 – Robert Labine, Canadian politician
1940 – Eugene Record, American singer-songwriter and producer (The Chi-Lites) (d. 2005)
1941 – Peter Davis, English businessman
1941 – Tim Hardin, American singer-songwriter (d. 1980)
1941 – Serge Reding, Belgian weightlifter (d. 1975)
1942 – Quentin Bryce, Australian lawyer and politician, 25th Governor-General of Australia
1942 – John Peterman, American businessman, founded The J. Peterman Company
1943 – Ron Allen, American baseball player
1943 – Mikhail Leonidovich Gromov, Russian-French mathematician and academic
1943 – Elizabeth Hartman, American actress (d. 1987)
1943 – Harry Shearer, American actor, singer, producer, and screenwriter
1943 – Queen Silvia of Sweden
1944 – Wesley Clark, American general
1945 – Adly Mansour, Egyptian lawyer, judge, and politician, President of Egypt
1945 – Geoffrey Wheatcroft, English journalist and author
1946 – Edita Gruberová, Slovak soprano and actress
1946 – Susan Lucci, American actress
1946 – John Sullivan, English screenwriter, producer, and composer (d. 2011)
1946 – Ray Tabano, American guitarist (Aerosmith)
1947 – Graham Bonnet, English singer-songwriter (The Marbles, Rainbow, Anthem, and Michael Schenker Group)
1947 – Bill Rodgers, American runner
1947 – Lawrence Tanter, American basketball player and announcer for National Basketball Association
1948 – David Davis, English politician, Minister of State for Europe
1948 – Jim Ferguson, American guitarist, composer, and journalist
1948 – Jack Ham, American football player and sportscaster
1948 – Charles Herbert, American actor (d. 2015)
1948 – Rick Wohlhuter, American runner
1949 – Adrian Belew, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (King Crimson, Tom Tom Club, and The Bears)
1949 – Reinhold Weege, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2012)
1950 – Michael C. Burgess, American obstetrician and politician
1950 – Richard Dannatt, Baron Dannatt, English general
1950 – Vicente del Bosque, Spanish footballer and manager
1950 – Ilchi Lee, South Korean author and educator
1951 – Anthony Phillips, English guitarist and songwriter (Genesis)
1951 – Shōfukutei Tsurube II, Japanese actor and comedian
1952 – William Kristol, American journalist and publisher, founded The Weekly Standard
1953 – Andres Alver, Estonian architect
1953 – Gerrit W. Gong, American religious leader
1953 – Belinda Lang, English actress
1953 – Maria Vladimirovna, Grand Duchess of Russia
1954 – Raivo Järvi, Estonian radio host and politician (d. 2012)
1955 – Carol Ann Duffy, Scottish poet and playwright
1955 – Grace Knight, English singer (Eurogliders)
1956 – Michele Alboreto, Italian race car driver (d. 2001)
1956 – Dave Murray, English guitarist and songwriter (Iron Maiden and Urchin)
1957 – Dan Bigras, Canadian singer-songwriter and actor
1957 – Trisha Goddard, English television host and actress
1958 – Joan Severance, American model, actress, and producer
1958 – Victoria Williams, American singer-songwriter (Original Harmony Ridge Creekdippers)
1959 – Demet Akbağ, Turkish actress
1961 – Ezzat el Kamhawi, Egyptian journalist and author
1961 – Carol Smillie, Scottish model and actress
1961 – Lorna Tolentino, Filipino actress and producer
1962 – Bertrand Gachot, Belgian race car driver
1962 – Stefan Hell, Romanian-German physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1962 – Kang Je-gyu, South Korean director, producer, and screenwriter
1962 – Keiji Mutoh, Japanese wrestler and actor
1963 – Jim Harbaugh, American football player and coach
1963 – Jess Harnell, American singer-songwriter and voice actor (Rock Sugar)
1963 – Donna Tartt, American author
1963 – Ante Zelck, German businessman
1964 – Eddie Vedder, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Pearl Jam, Temple of the Dog, Bad Radio, and Hovercraft)
1966 – Badi Assad, Brazilian singer-songwriter and guitarist
1967 – Carla Bruni, Italian-French singer-songwriter and model
1967 – Tim Fountain, English author and playwright
1967 – Otis Grant, Jamaican-Canadian boxer, coach, and manager
1968 – Lucy Bell, English-Australian actress
1968 – Karyn Bryant, American journalist, actress, producer, and screenwriter
1968 – Quincy Jones III, English-Swedish songwriter and producer
1968 – Barry Kooser, American painter and animator
1968 – Manuel Rivera-Ortiz, Puerto Rican-American photographer
1968 – Olga Shishigina, Kazakhstani hurdler
1968 – René Tretschok, German footballer and manager
1969 – Greg Biffle, American race car driver
1969 – Mary Boquitas, Mexican singer and actress
1969 – Martha Byrne, American actress, singer, producer, and screenwriter
1969 – Rodney Culver, American football player (d. 1996)
1969 – Rob Pelinka, American basketball player, agent, and lawyer
1970 – Catriona Le May Doan, Canadian speed skater and sportscaster
1970 – Raymont Harris, American football player
1970 – Karine Polwart, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Burns Unit, Malinky, and The Fruit Tree Foundation)
1970 – Holly Samos, English radio host
1971 – Corey Haim, Canadian-American actor and producer (d. 2010)
1971 – Jo Johnson, English banker, journalist, and politician
1971 – Michalis Klokidis, Greek footballer
1971 – Tara Palmer-Tomkinson, English model, actress, and author
1971 – Wim Vansevenant, Belgian cyclist
1971 – Masayoshi Yamazaki, Japanese singer-songwriter
1972 – Christian Potenza, Canadian actor and producer
1974 – Agustín Delgado, Ecuadorian footballer and politician
1974 – Mieszko Talarczyk, Polish-Swedish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Nasum and Genocide Superstars) (d. 2004)
1975 – Vadim Sharifijanov, Russian ice hockey player
1975 – Lady Starlight, American singer-songwriter
1976 – Joanna Hayes, American hurdler and coach
1976 – Brad Lidge, American baseball player
1976 – Dimitris Mavrogenidis, Uzbek-Greek footballer and manager
1976 – Jamie Noble, American wrestler and producer
1977 – Matt Baker, English television host
1977 – Alge Crumpler, American football player
1977 – Tore Johansen, Norwegian trumpeter and record producer (Inner Ear)
1977 – Jari Mäenpää, Finnish singer-songwriter and guitarist (Wintersun, Ensiferum, and Arthemesia)
1977 – Paul Shirley, American basketball player and blogger
1978 – Esthero, Canadian-American singer-songwriter and producer
1978 – Andra Davis, American football player
1978 – Jodie Marsh, English model and actress
1978 – Víctor Martínez, Venezuelan baseball player
1978 – Estella Warren, Canadian swimmer, model, and actress
1979 – Summer Altice, American model and actress
1979 – Abraham Chebii, Kenyan runner
1979 – Scott Gomez, American ice hockey player
1979 – Holly Madison, American model and actress
1979 – Kenny Miller, Scottish footballer
1979 – Yukifumi Murakami, Japanese javelin thrower
1980 – Intira Jaroenpura, Thai actress
1980 – Lexi Love, American porn actress
1980 – Elvin Ng, Singaporean actor
1980 – Cody Ross, American baseball player
1980 – Kohei Yamamoto, Japanese actor
1981 – Beth, Spanish singer and actress
1981 – Maritza Correia, Puerto Rican-American swimmer
1981 – Yuriorkis Gamboa, Cuban boxer
1981 – Agnes Milowka, Polish-Australian diver, explorer, photographer, and author (d. 2011)
1981 – Mario Santana, Argentinian footballer
1982 – Brad Nelson, American baseball player
1982 – Thomas Rohregger, Austrian cyclist
1983 – Michael Chopra, English footballer
1983 – Lisa Dobriskey, English runner
1983 – Hanley Ramírez, Dominican baseball player
1984 – Dudu Aharon, Israeli singer-songwriter
1984 – Josh Satin, American baseball player
1984 – Sebastian Werle, German rugby player
1985 – Harry Judd, English drummer and songwriter (McFly and McBusted)
1985 – Luke O'Loughlin, Australian actor and singer
1986 – Beau Champion, Australian rugby player
1986 – T. J. Oshie, American ice hockey player
1986 – Noël Wells, American actress
1987 – Tommaso Bellazzini, Italian footballer
1987 – Thomas Bourgin, French motorcycle racer (d. 2013)
1987 – Owen Franks, New Zealand rugby player
1987 – Kana Kurashina, Japanese actress
1988 – Thomai Apergi, Greek singer
1988 – Eri Kamei, Japanese singer and actress (Morning Musume, Morning Musume Sakuragumi, and Tanpopo)
1988 – Yuka Kashino, Japanese singer and dancer (Perfume)
1988 – Eliana Ramos, Uruguayan model (d. 2007)
1989 – Liis Koger, Estonian painter and poet
1990 – Anna Maria Perez de Taglé, American actress and singer
1992 – Jeff Schlupp, German footballer
1993 – Ruriko Kojima, Japanese model and sportscaster

December 23 in History

484 – Huneric dies and is succeeded by his nephew Gunthamund, who becomes king of the Vandals. During his reign Christians are protected from persecution.
558 – Chlothar I is crowned King of the Franks.
562 – Hagia Sophia in Constantinople reopened with a rebuilt dome after a series of earthquakes caused the original to collapse.
583 – Maya queen Yohl Ik'nal is crowned ruler of Palenque.
679 – King Dagobert II is murdered while hunting.
962 – Arab–Byzantine wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops storm the city of Aleppo.
1572 – Theologian Johann Sylvan is executed in Heidelberg for his heretical Antitrinitarian beliefs.
1688 – As part of the Glorious Revolution, King James II of England flees from England to Paris, France after being deposed in favor of his nephew, William of Orange and his daughter Mary.
1783 – George Washington resigns as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army at the Maryland State House in Annapolis, Maryland.
1793 – The Battle of Savenay: a decisive defeat of the royalist counter-revolutionaries in War in the Vendée during the French Revolution.
1823 – A Visit from St. Nicholas, also known as The Night Before Christmas, is published anonymously.
1876 – First day of the Constantinople Conference which resulted in agreement for political reforms in the Balkans.
1893 – The opera Hansel and Gretel by Engelbert Humperdinck is first performed.
1913 – The Federal Reserve Act is signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson, creating the Federal Reserve System.
1914 – World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt.
1916 – World War I: Battle of Magdhaba – Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula.
1919 – Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919 becomes law in the United Kingdom.
1921 – Visva-Bharati University is inaugurated.
1936 – Colombia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1938 – Discovery of the first modern coelacanth in South Africa.
1940 – World War II: Greek submarine Papanikolis (Y-2) sinks the Italian motor ship Antonietta.
1941 – World War II: After 15 days of fighting, the Imperial Japanese Army occupies Wake Island.
1947 – The transistor is first demonstrated at Bell Laboratories.
1948 – Seven Japanese convicted of war crimes by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East are executed at Sugamo Prison in Tokyo, Japan.
1954 – First successful kidney transplant is performed by J. Hartwell Harrison and Joseph Murray.
1958 – Dedication of Tokyo Tower, the world's highest self-supporting iron tower.
1968 – The 82 sailors from the USS Pueblo are released after eleven months of internment in North Korea.
1970 – The North Tower of the World Trade Center in Manhattan, New York, New York is topped out at 1,368 feet (417 m), making it the tallest building in the world.
1970 – The Democratic Republic of the Congo officially becomes a single-party state.
1972 – A 6.5 magnitude earthquake strikes the Nicaraguan capital of Managua killing more than 10,000.
1972 – The 16 survivors of the Andes flight disaster are rescued after 73 days, having survived by cannibalism.
1979 – Soviet war in Afghanistan: Soviet Union forces occupy Kabul, the Afghan capital.
1982 – The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces it has identified dangerous levels of dioxin in the soil of Times Beach, Missouri.
1986 – Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, lands at Edwards Air Force Base in California becoming the first aircraft to fly non-stop around the world without aerial or ground refueling.
1990 – History of Slovenia: In a referendum, 88.5% of Slovenia's overall electorate vote for independence from Yugoslavia.
2002 – An MQ-1 Predator is shot down by an Iraqi MiG-25.
2003 – PetroChina Chuandongbei natural gas field explosion, Guoqiao, Kai County, Chongqing, China, killing at least 234.
2007 – An agreement is made for the Kingdom of Nepal to be abolished and the country to become a federal republic with the Prime Minister becoming head of state.
2010 – A monsoonal trough crosses the northeastern coast of Australia from the Coral Sea, bringing mass flooding across Queensland.

Tuesday, December 22, 2015

December 22 Birthdays

244 – Diocletian, Roman emperor (d. 311)
1095 – Roger II of Sicily (d. 1154)
1178 – Emperor Antoku of Japan (d. 1185)
1546 – Kuroda Yoshitaka, Japanese daimyo (d. 1604)
1550 – Cesare Cremonini, Italian philosopher and author (d. 1631)
1639 – Jean Racine, French poet and playwright (d. 1699)
1666 – Guru Gobind Singh, Indian guru and poet (d. 1708)
1694 – Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and academic (d. 1768)
1696 – James Oglethorpe, English general and politician, 1st Colonial Governor of Georgia (d. 1785)
1723 – Carl Friedrich Abel, German viol player and composer (d. 1787)
1765 – Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician and academic (d. 1825)
1805 – John Obadiah Westwood, English entomologist and archaeologist (d. 1893)
1807 – Johan Sebastian Welhaven, Norwegian author, poet, and critic (d. 1873)
1819 – Franz Abt, German composer and conductor (d. 1870)
1819 – Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician and academic (d. 1892)
1839 – John Nevil Maskelyne, English stage magician (d. 1917)
1853 – Teresa Carreño, Venezuelan-American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1917)
1853 – Evgraf Fedorov, Russian mathematician, crystallographer, and mineralogist (d. 1919)
1853 – Sarada Devi, Indian mystic and philosopher (d. 1920)
1856 – Frank B. Kellogg, American lawyer and politician, 45th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1937)
1858 – Giacomo Puccini, Italian composer (d. 1924)
1862 – Connie Mack, American baseball player and manager (d. 1956)
1865 – Charles Sands, American golfer and tennis player (d. 1945)
1868 – Jaan Tõnisson, Estonian journalist, lawyer, and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Estonia (d. 1941?)
1869 – Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician and academic (d. 1931)
1869 – Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet and playwright (d. 1935)
1872 – Camille Guérin, French veterinarian and bacteriologist (d. 1961)
1874 – Franz Schmidt, Austrian cellist, pianist, and composer (d. 1939)
1876 – Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Egyptian-Italian poet and composer (d. 1944)
1878 – Myer Prinstein, Polish-American jumper (d. 1925)
1883 – Marcus Hurley, American cyclist (d. 1941)
1883 – Edgard Varèse, French-American composer (d. 1965)
1885 – Abe Manley, American businessman (d. 1952)
1885 – Deems Taylor, American conductor and critic (d. 1966)
1887 – Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician and theorist (d. 1920)
1888 – J. Arthur Rank, 1st Baron Rank, English businessman, founded Rank Organisation (d. 1972)
1889 – George Hutson, English runner and soldier (d. 1914)
1889 – Minor Watson, American actor (d. 1965)
1892 – Herman Potočnik, Croatian-Austrian engineer (d. 1929)
1898 – Vladimir Fock, Russian physicist and mathematician (d. 1974)
1899 – Gustaf Gründgens, German actor and director (d. 1963)
1900 – Marc Allégret, French director and screenwriter (d. 1973)
1901 – Andre Kostelanetz, Russian-American conductor and composer (d. 1980)
1903 – Haldan Keffer Hartline, American physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1983)
1905 – Pierre Brasseur, French-Italian actor and screenwriter (d. 1972)
1905 – Pierre Levegh, Frencg racing driver (d. 1955)
1905 – Kenneth Rexroth, American poet and academic (d. 1982)
1907 – Peggy Ashcroft, English actress (d. 1991)
1908 – Giacomo Manzù, Italian sculptor and academic (d. 1991)
1909 – Patricia Hayes, English actress (d. 1998)
1911 – Danny O'Dea, English actor (d. 2003)
1912 – Elias Degiannis, Greek commander (d. 1943)
1912 – Lady Bird Johnson, American wife of Lyndon B. Johnson, 38th First Lady of the United States (d. 2007)
1913 – Giorgio Oberweger, Italian discus thrower and hurdler (d. 1998)
1914 – Satchidananda Saraswati, Indian-American guru and educator (d. 2002)
1915 – Barbara Billingsley, American actress (d. 2010)
1915 – Phillip Glasier, English author and academic (d. 2000)
1917 – Gene Rayburn, American game show host and actor (d. 1999)
1919 – Lil Green, American singer-songwriter (d. 1954)
1921 – Dimitri Fampas, Greek guitarist and composer (d. 1996)
1921 – Hawkshaw Hawkins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1963)
1922 – Ruth Roman, American actress and singer (d. 1999)
1922 – Jim Wright, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 56th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 2015)
1923 – Peregrine Worsthorne, English journalist
1924 – Frank Corsaro, American actor and director
1925 – Lewis Glucksman, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2006)
1925 – Lefter Küçükandonyadis, Turkish footballer and manager (d. 2012)
1928 – George H. Buck, Jr., American businessman (d. 2013)
1930 – Ardalion Ignatyev, Russian sprinter (d. 1998)
1931 – Gisela Birkemeyer, German hurdler and coach
1931 – Carlos Graça, São Toméan politician, Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe (d. 2013)
1932 – Phil Woosnam, Welsh-American soccer player and manager (d. 2013)
1933 – John Hartle, English motorcycle racer (d. 1968)
1934 – David Pearson, American race car driver
1935 – Paulo Rocha, Portuguese director and screenwriter (d. 2012)
1936 – James Burke, Irish historian and author
1936 – Héctor Elizondo, American actor and director
1936 – Wojciech Frykowski, Polish-American actor and author (d. 1969)
1937 – Charlotte Lamb, English author (d. 2000)
1937 – Eduard Uspensky, Russian author, poet, and playwright
1937 – Ken Whitmore, English author and playwright
1938 – Matty Alou, Dominican-American baseball player and scout (d. 2011)
1938 – Lucien Bouchard, Canadian lawyer and politician, 27th Premier of Quebec
1939 – James Gurley, American guitarist (Big Brother and the Holding Company) (d. 2009)
1940 – Luis Francisco Cuéllar, Colombian rancher and politician (d. 2009)
1940 – Mike Molloy, English journalist, author, and illustrator
1941 – Jose Duval, Belgian pornographic actor
1941 – Tiit Pääsuke, Estonian painter
1942 – Jerry Koosman, American baseball player
1942 – Dick Parry, English saxophonist (Jokers Wild)
1943 – Stefan Janos, Slovak-Swiss physicist and academic
1943 – Paul Wolfowitz, American banker and politician, 25th United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
1944 – Mary Archer, English chemist and academic
1944 – Steve Carlton, American baseball player
1944 – Barry Jenkins, English drummer (The Animals and The Nashville Teens)
1945 – Frances Lannon, English historian and academic
1945 – Diane Sawyer, American journalist
1946 – Roger Carr, English businessman
1947 – Brian Daley, American author and screenwriter (d. 1996)
1948 – Noel Edmonds, English game show host
1948 – Steve Garvey, American baseball player and sportscaster
1948 – Don Kardong, American runner, journalist, and author
1948 – Flip Mark, American actor
1948 – Rick Nielsen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Cheap Trick, Fuse, and Buck Satan and the 666 Shooters)
1948 – Chris Old, English cricketer
1948 – Lynne Thigpen, American actress and singer (d. 2003)
1948 – Martin Yan, Chinese chef and author
1949 – Maurice Gibb, Manx-English musician, singer, songwriter and record producer (Bee Gees, The Bloomfields, and The Rattlesnakes) (d. 2003)
1949 – Robin Gibb, Manx-English singer-songwriter and record producer (Bee Gees and The Rattlesnakes) (d. 2012)
1949 – Ray Guy, American football player
1951 – Charles de Lint, Dutch-Canadian author and critic
1951 – Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster, Irish general and businessman
1951 – Dan Martin, American actor
1952 – Sandra Kalniete, Latvian politician, author, and diplomat
1953 – Bern Nadette Stanis, American actress
1953 – Ian Turnbull, Canadian ice hockey player
1953 – Tom Underwood, American baseball player (d. 2010)
1954 – Hideshi Matsuda, Japanese race car driver
1955 – Galina Murašova, Lithuanian discus thrower
1955 – Lonnie Smith, American baseball player
1956 – Erica Boyer, American porn actress and producer (d. 2009)
1956 – Jane Lighting, English businesswoman
1957 – Stephen Conway, English bishop
1957 – Carole James, English-Canadian educator and politician
1957 – Susan Powter, Australian personal trainer and author
1958 – Frank Gambale, Australian guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Chick Corea Elektric Band, Return to Forever, and Vital Information)
1958 – David Heavener, American singer-songwriter, producer, actor, and director
1959 – Bernd Schuster, German footballer and manager
1960 – Jean-Michel Basquiat, American painter and poet (d. 1988)
1960 – Mark Brydon, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Moloko, Chakk, and Krush)
1960 – Luther Campbell, American rapper and actor (2 Live Crew)
1960 – Wakin Chau, Hong Kong-Taiwanese singer-songwriter and actor (Superband)
1960 – Patrick Fitzgerald, American lawyer
1961 – Andrew Fastow, American businessman
1961 – Yuri Malenchenko, Russian colonel, pilot, and astronaut
1961 – Marcus O'Sullivan, Irish runner and coach
1962 – Ralph Fiennes, English actor and singer
1963 – Giuseppe Bergomi, Italian footballer and coach
1963 – Brian McMillan, South African cricketer and educator
1963 – Luna H. Mitani, Japanese-American painter and illustrator
1964 – Simon Kirby, English politician
1964 – Mike Jackson, American baseball player
1965 – Urszula Włodarczyk, Polish heptathlete and triple jumper
1966 – Dmitry Bilozerchev, Russian gymnast and coach
1966 – Sayuri Kokushō, Japanese actress and singer
1966 – Marcel Schirmer, German singer-songwriter and bass player (Destruction)
1966 – David Wright, English politician
1967 – Richey Edwards, Welsh singer-songwriter and guitarist (Manic Street Preachers) (d. 1995)
1967 – Stéphane Gendron, Canadian lawyer and politician
1967 – Rebecca Harris, English politician
1967 – Paul Morris, Australian race car driver
1967 – Dan Petrescu, Romanian footballer and manager
1968 – Lauralee Bell, American actress, director, producer, and screenwriter
1968 – Luis Hernández, Mexican footballer
1968 – Dina Meyer, American actress
1969 – Myriam Bédard, Canadian biathlete
1969 – Mark Robins, English footballer and manager
1970 – Gary Anderson, Scottish darts player
1970 – Ted Cruz, Canadian-American lawyer and politician
1971 – Pat Mastroianni, Canadian actor
1971 – Ajeenkya Patil, Indian economist and academic
1972 – Kirk Maltby, Canadian ice hockey player
1972 – Vanessa Paradis, French singer-songwriter and actress
1972 – Big Tigger, American radio and television host
1974 – Michael Barron, English footballer, coach, and manager
1974 – Heather Donahue, American actress
1975 – Sergei Aschwanden, Swiss martial artist
1975 – Dmitri Khokhlov, Russian footballer and manager
1975 – Marcin Mięciel, Polish footballer
1975 – Stanislav Neckář, Czech ice hockey player
1976 – Katleen De Caluwé, Belgian sprinter
1976 – Jason Lane, American baseball player
1976 – Aya Takano, Japanese author and illustrator
1977 – Steve Kariya, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1978 – Joy Ali, Fijian boxer (d. 2015)
1978 – Anthony Jeselnik, American comedian, actor, and television host
1978 – Joanne Kelly, Canadian actress
1978 – Emmanuel Olisadebe, Nigerian-Polish footballer
1979 – Jamie Langfield, Scottish footballer
1980 – Chris Carmack, American model, actor, and singer
1981 – David Cormican, Canadian actor and producer
1981 – Marina Kuptsova, Russian high jumper
1982 – Agbani Darego, Nigerian model, Miss World 2001
1982 – Rodney Martin, American sprinter
1982 – Brooke Nevin, Canadian actress
1983 – Jennifer Hawkins, Australian model, Miss Universe 2004
1983 – Drew Hankinson, American wrestler
1983 – Viola Kibiwot, Kenyan runner
1984 – Basshunter, Swedish singer-songwriter and producer
1986 – Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, Nigerian terrorist
1986 – Dennis Armfield, Australian footballer
1987 – Osamu Adachi, Japanese actor (D-Boys)
1987 – Johannes Ahun, Estonian windsurfer
1987 – Éder, Bissau-Portuguese footballer
1987 – Garfield Darien, French hurdler
1988 – Leigh Halfpenny, Welsh rugby player
1989 – Jordin Sparks, American singer-songwriter and actress
1989 – Jharal Yow Yeh, Australian rugby player
1990 – Jean-Baptiste Maunier, French actor and singer
1990 – Josef Newgarden, American race car driver
1991 – Paul Alo-Emile, New Zealand-Australian rugby player
1992 – Michaela Hončová, Slovak tennis player
1992 – Shiori Kutsuna, Japanese-Australian actress and idol
1992 – Aby Maraño, Filipino volleyball player
1993 – Ali Lohan, American actress and singer
1993 – Meghan Trainor, American singer-songwriter
1994 – Rúben Lameiras, Portuguese footballer
1994 – Hà Ngọc Diễm, Vietnamese volleyball player
1996 – Makisig Morales, Filipino singer and actor (Mak and the Dudes)
1998 – G. Hannelius, American actress and singer
1999 – Ameer Idreis, Emirati-Canadian author

December 22- Today in History

69 – Emperor Vitellius is captured and murdered at the Gemonian stairs in Rome.
880 – Luoyang, eastern capital of the Tang dynasty, is captured by rebel leader Huang Chao during the reign of Emperor Xizong.
1135 – Stephen of Blois becomes King of England
1216 – Pope Honorius III approves the Dominican Order through the papal bull of confirmation Religiosam vitam.
1622 – Bucaramanga, Colombia is founded.
1769 – Sino-Burmese War: The war ends with an uneasy truce.
1788 – Nguyễn Huệ proclaims himself Emperor Quang Trung, in effect abolishing on his own the Lê dynasty.
1790 – The Turkish fortress of Izmail is stormed and captured by Alexander Suvorov and his Russian armies.
1807 – The Embargo Act, forbidding trade with all foreign countries, is passed by the U.S. Congress, at the urging of President Thomas Jefferson.
1808 – Ludwig van Beethoven conducts and performs in concert at the Theater an der Wien, Vienna, with the premiere of his Fifth Symphony, Sixth Symphony, Fourth Piano Concerto (performed by Beethoven himself) and Choral Fantasy (with Beethoven at the piano).
1851 – India's first freight train is operated in Roorkee, India.
1864 – Savannah, Georgia falls to General William Tecumseh Sherman, concluding his "March to the Sea".
1885 – Itō Hirobumi, a samurai, became the first Prime Minister of Japan.
1890 – Cornwallis Valley Railway begins operation between Kentville and Kingsport, Nova Scotia.
1891 – Asteroid 323 Brucia becomes the first asteroid discovered using photography.
1894 – The Dreyfus affair begins in France, when Alfred Dreyfus is wrongly convicted of treason.
1920 – The GOELRO economic development plan is adopted by the 8th Congress of Soviets of the Russian SFSR.
1937 – The Lincoln Tunnel opens to traffic in New York City.
1939 – Indian Muslims observe a "Day of Deliverance" to celebrate the resignations of members of the Indian National Congress over their not having been consulted over the decision to enter World War II with the United Kingdom.
1940 – World War II: Himarë is captured by the Greek army.
1942 – World War II: Adolf Hitler signs the order to develop the V-2 rocket as a weapon.
1944 – World War II: Battle of the Bulge – German troops demand the surrender of United States troops at Bastogne, Belgium, prompting the famous one word reply by General Anthony McAuliffe: "Nuts!"
1944 – World War II: The Vietnam People's Army is formed to resist Japanese occupation of Indochina, now Vietnam.
1947 – The Constituent Assembly of Italy approves the Constitution of Italy.
1951 – The Selangor Labour Party is founded in Selangor, Malaya.
1956 – Colo, the first gorilla to be bred in captivity, is born at the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium in Ohio.
1963 – The cruise ship Lakonia burns 180 miles (290 km) north of Madeira, Portugal with the loss of 128 lives.
1964 – The first test flight of the SR-71 (Blackbird) took place at Air Force Plant 42 in Palmdale, California.
1965 – In the United Kingdom, a 70 mph speed limit is applied to all rural roads including motorways for the first time. Previously, there had been no speed limit.
1968 – Cultural Revolution: People's Daily posted the instructions of Mao Zedong that it is "The intellectual youth must go to the country, and will be educated from living in rural poverty."(Down to the Countryside Movement)
1974 – Grande Comore, Anjouan and Mohéli vote to become the independent nation of Comoros. Mayotte remains under French administration.
1974 – The house of former British Prime Minister Edward Heath is attacked by members of the Provisional IRA.
1978 – The pivotal Third Plenum of the 11th National Congress of the Communist Party of China is held in Beijing, with Deng Xiaoping reversing Mao-era policies to pursue a program for Chinese economic reform.
1984 – Bernhard Goetz shoots four would-be muggers on an express train in Manhattan section of New York, New York.
1987 – In Zimbabwe, the political parties ZANU and ZAPU reach an agreement that ends the violence in the Matabeleland region known as the Gukurahundi.
1988 – Chico Mendes, a Brazilian rubber tapper, unionist and environmental activist, is assassinated.
1989 – Communist President of Romania Nicolae Ceaușescu is overthrown by Ion Iliescu after days of bloody confrontations. The deposed dictator and his wife flee Bucharest with a helicopter as protesters erupt in cheers.
1989 – Berlin's Brandenburg Gate re-opens after nearly 30 years, effectively ending the division of East and West Germany.
1990 – Final independence of Marshall Islands and Federated States of Micronesia after termination of trusteeship.
1990 – The Croatian Parliament adopts the current Constitution of Croatia.
1991 – Armed opposition groups launch a military coup against President of Georgia Zviad Gamsakhurdia.
1992 – The Archives of Terror are discovered.
1997 – Acteal massacre: Attendees at a prayer meeting of Roman Catholic activists for indigenous causes in the small village of Acteal in the Mexican state of Chiapas are massacred by paramilitary forces.
1997 – Hussein Farrah Aidid relinquishes the disputed title of President of Somalia by signing the Cairo Declaration, in Cairo, Egypt. It is the first major step towards reconciliation in Somalia since 1991.
1999 – Korean Air Cargo Flight 8509, a Boeing 747-200F crashes shortly after take-off from London Stansted Airport due to pilot error. All 4 crew members are killed.
2001 – Burhanuddin Rabbani, political leader of the Northern Alliance, hands over power in Afghanistan to the interim government headed by President Hamid Karzai.
2001 – Richard Reid attempts to destroy a passenger airliner by igniting explosives hidden in his shoes aboard American Airlines Flight 63.
2008 – An ash dike ruptured at a solid waste containment area in Roane County, Tennessee, releasing 1.1 billion US gallons (4,200,000 m3) of coal fly ash slurry.
2010 – The repeal of the Don't ask, don't tell policy, the 17-year-old policy banning homosexuals serving openly in the United States military, is signed into law by President Barack Obama.

Monday, December 21, 2015

December 21 Birthdays

1118 – Thomas Becket, English archbishop and saint (d. 1170)
1401 – Masaccio, Italian painter (d. 1428)
1596 – Peter Mogila, Romanian-Ukrainian metropolitan (d. 1646)
1603 – Roger Williams, English-American minister, theologian, and politician, 9th President of the Colony of Rhode Island (d. 1684)
1672 – Benjamin Schmolck, German pastor and composer (d. 1737)
1714 – John Bradstreet, Canadian-English general (d. 1774)
1728 – Hermann Raupach, German harpsichord player and composer (d. 1778)
1778 – Anders Sandøe Ørsted, Danish jurist and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Denmark (d. 1860)
1795 – John Russell, English hunter and dog breeder (d. 1883)
1795 – Leopold von Ranke, German historian, author, and academic (d. 1886)
1803 – Achille Vianelli, Italian painter (d. 1894)
1804 – Benjamin Disraeli, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1881)
1805 – Thomas Graham, Scottish chemist and academic (d. 1869)
1811 – Archibald Tait, Scottish-English archbishop (d. 1882)
1815 – Thomas Couture, French painter and educator (d. 1879)
1818 – Amalia of Oldenburg (d. 1875)
1820 – William H. Osborn, American businessman (d. 1894)
1830 – Bartolomé Masó, Cuban soldier and politician (d. 1907)
1832 – John H. Ketcham, American general and politician (d. 1906)
1840 – Namık Kemal, Turkish journalist, playwright, and activist (d. 1888)
1843 – Thomas Bracken, Irish-New Zealand journalist, poet, and politician (d. 1898)
1850 – Zdeněk Fibich, Czech composer and poet (d. 1900)
1850 – William Wallace Lincoln, American son of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1862)
1851 – Thomas Chipman McRae, American lawyer and politician, 26th Governor of Arkansas (d. 1929)
1859 – Gustave Kahn, French poet and critic (d. 1936)
1866 – Maud Gonne, English-Irish actress and activist (d. 1953)
1868 – George W. Fuller, American engineer (d. 1934)
1872 – Sidney Ainsworth, English-American actor (d. 1922)
1872 – Lorenzo Perosi, Italian priest and composer (d. 1956)
1872 – Albert Payson Terhune, American journalist and author (d. 1942)
1872 – Trevor Kincaid, American scientist (d. 1970)
1873 – Blagoje Bersa, Croatian composer and educator (d. 1934)
1876 – Jack Lang, Australian politician, 23rd Premier of New South Wales (d. 1975)
1877 – Jaan Sarv, Estonian mathematician and scholar (d. 1954)
1878 – Jan Łukasiewicz, Polish-Irish mathematician and philosopher (d. 1956)
1885 – Frank Patrick, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1960)
1888 – Jean Bouin, French runner and rugby player (d. 1914)
1889 – Sewall Wright, American geneticist and biologist (d. 1988)
1890 – Hermann Joseph Muller, American geneticist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1967)
1891 – John William McCormack, American lawyer and politician, 53rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1980)
1892 – Amy Clarke, English poet, author, and academic (d. 1980)
1892 – Walter Hagen, American golfer (d. 1969)
1892 – Rebecca West, English journalist and author (d. 1983)
1896 – Leroy Robertson, American composer and educator (d. 1971)
1903 – Maria Balcerkiewiczówna, Polish-English actress (d. 1975)
1905 – Anthony Powell, English author (d. 2000)
1908 – Herbert Hutner, American banker and lawyer (d. 2008)
1909 – Seichō Matsumoto, Japanese journalist and author (d. 1992)
1911 – Josh Gibson, American baseball player (d. 1947)
1913 – Arnold Friberg, American illustrator and painter (d. 2010)
1914 – Frank Fenner, Australian microbiologist and virologist (d. 2010)
1914 – Ivan Generalić, Hungarian-Croatian painter (d. 1992)
1915 – Joe Mantell, American actor (d. 2010)
1915 – Werner von Trapp, Austrian-American singer (d. 2007)
1917 – Diana Athill, English author
1917 – Heinrich Böll, German soldier and author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1985)
1918 – Donald Regan, American colonel and politician, 11th White House Chief of Staff (d. 2003)
1918 – Kurt Waldheim, Austrian colonel and politician, 9th President of Austria (d. 2007)
1920 – Bob Bindig, American illustrator and historian (d. 2007)
1920 – Jean Gascon, Canadian actor and director (d. 1988)
1921 – Alicia Alonso, Cuban ballerina and choreographer, founded the Cuban National Ballet
1921 – Robert Lipshutz, American lawyer and politician, 17th White House Counsel (d. 2010)
1922 – Itubwa Amram, Nauruan pastor and politician (d. 1989)
1922 – Paul Winchell, American ventriloquist and voice actor (d. 2005)
1923 – Richard Hugo, American poet and educator (d. 1982)
1924 – Rita Reys, Dutch singer (d. 2013)
1925 – Olga Aroseva, Russian actress (d. 2013)
1926 – Arnošt Lustig, Czech author and playwright (d. 2011)
1926 – Joe Paterno, American football player and coach (d. 2012)
1928 – Michalis Kounelis, Greek violinist (d. 1999)
1928 – Ed Nelson, American actor (d. 2014)
1931 – David Baker, American composer and educator
1931 – Moira Orfei, Italian actress (d. 2015)
1932 – U. R. Ananthamurthy, Indian author, poet, and critic (d. 2014)
1932 – Edward Hoagland, American author and critic
1933 – Denis E. Dillon, American jurist and politician (d. 2010)
1933 – Robert Worcester, American businessman, founder of MORI
1934 – Giuseppina Leone, Italian sprinter
1935 – John G. Avildsen, American director, producer, and cinematographer
1935 – Lorenzo Bandini, Italian race car driver (d. 1967)
1935 – Yusuf Bey, American activist (d. 2003)
1935 – Phil Donahue, American talk show host and producer
1935 – Edward Schreyer, Canadian academic and politician, 22nd Governor General of Canada
1937 – Jane Fonda, American actress, producer, and activist
1937 – Donald F. Munson, American politician
1938 – Larry Bryggman, American actor
1938 – Frank Moorhouse, Australian journalist, author, and screenwriter
1938 – John Quayle, English actor
1939 – Lloyd Axworthy, Canadian academic and politician, 2nd Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1939 – Wafic Saïd, Syrian-Monacan businessman and philanthropist
1940 – Arvi Lind, Finnish journalist
1940 – Ray Hildebrand, American singer-songwriter (Paul & Paula)
1940 – Frank Zappa, American contemporary composer, guitarist, and record producer (The Mothers of Invention) (d. 1993)
1942 – Hu Jintao, Chinese engineer and politician, 6th President of China
1942 – Reinhard Mey, German singer-songwriter and guitarist
1942 – Anthony Summers, Irish journalist and author
1942 – Carla Thomas, American singer
1943 – André Arthur, Canadian journalist and politician
1943 – Lena Bergman, Swedish actress
1943 – Albert Lee, English guitarist and songwriter (Heads Hands & Feet and Bill Wyman's Rhythm Kings)
1943 – Jack Nance, American actor (d. 1996)
1943 – Walter Spanghero, French rugby player
1944 – Bill Atkinson, English footballer and referee (d. 2013)
1944 – Michael Tilson Thomas, American pianist, composer, and conductor
1944 – Zheng Xiaoyu, Chinese diplomat (d. 2007)
1946 – Roy Karch, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1946 – Christopher Keene, American conductor (d. 1995)
1946 – Kevin Peek, Australian guitarist and songwriter (Sky) (d. 2013)
1946 – Carl Wilson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Beach Boys) (d. 1998)
1947 – Paco de Lucía, Spanish guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Paco de Lucía Sextet) (d. 2014)
1947 – Bryan Hamilton, Irish footballer and manager
1948 – Samuel L. Jackson, American actor and producer
1948 – Dave Kingman, American baseball player
1948 – Willi Resetarits, Austrian singer-songwriter, actor, and activist
1949 – Nicholas Penny, English historian and academic
1949 – Thomas Sankara, Burkinabé captain and politician, 5th President of Burkina Faso (d. 1987)
1949 – Nikolaos Sifounakis, Greek politician
1950 – Jeffrey Katzenberg, American screenwriter and producer, co-founded DreamWorks Animation
1950 – Lillebjørn Nilsen, Norwegian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Gitarkameratene)
1950 – David Thacker, English director and screenwriter
1951 – Nick Gilder, English-Canadian singer-songwriter (Sweeney Todd)
1951 – Steve Perryman, English footballer and manager
1952 – Joaquín Andújar, Dominican baseball player (d. 2015)
1953 – András Schiff, Hungarian-English pianist and conductor
1953 – Betty Wright, American singer-songwriter
1954 – Chris Evert, American tennis player and coach
1954 – Tsurutaro Kataoka, Japanese boxer, television personality, actor, and artist
1955 – Jane Kaczmarek, American actress
1955 – Kazuyuki Sekiguchi, Japanese singer-songwriter and bass player (Southern All Stars)
1956 – Dave Laut, American shot putter (d. 2009)
1957 – Tom Henke, American baseball player
1957 – Rolf Kanies, German actor
1957 – Ray Romano, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
1958 – Tamara Bykova, Russian high jumper
1959 – Florence Griffith Joyner, American sprinter and actress (d. 1998)
1960 – Roger McDowell, American baseball player and coach
1960 – Sherry Rehman, Pakistani journalist, politician, and diplomat, 25th Pakistan Ambassador to the United States
1960 – Tim Rucks, American football player and coach (d. 2015)
1960 – Andy Van Slyke, American baseball player and coach
1961 – Henry Ford Kamel, Ghanaian banker and politician (d. 2012)
1961 – Francis Ng, Hong Kong actor and director
1961 – The Patriot, American wrestler
1961 – Rein Raud, Estonian scholar and author
1961 – Ryuji Sasai, Japanese bass player and composer
1963 – Govinda, Indian actor, singer, and politician
1964 – Rob Kelly, English footballer and manager
1964 – Joe Kocur, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1964 – Kunihiko Ikuhara, Japanese director
1964 – Daniel Suarez, American author
1964 – Fabiana Udenio, Argentinian-Italian actress
1965 – Andy Dick, American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter
1965 – Anke Engelke, Canadian-German actress, director, and screenwriter
1965 – Stuart Mitchell, Scottish pianist and composer
1965 – Masahiro Motoki. Japanese actor
1966 – Martin Bayfield, English rugby player, actor, and stuntman
1966 – Adam Schefter, American journalist and sportscaster
1966 – Kiefer Sutherland, English-Canadian actor, director, and producer
1966 – Karri Turner, American actress
1967 – Ervin Johnson, American basketball player
1967 – Fritz Karl, Austrian actor
1967 – Terry Mills, American basketball player and coach
1967 – Mikheil Saakashvili, Georgian lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Georgia
1969 – Julie Delpy, French-American model, actress, director, and screenwriter
1969 – Jack Noseworthy, American actor
1969 – Mihails Zemļinskis, Latvian footballer, coach, and manager
1971 – Matthieu Chedid, French singer-songwriter and guitarist
1971 – Margarita Drobiazko, Lithuanian ice dancer
1971 – Fenton Keogh, Australian chef
1971 – Brett Scallions, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Fuel, Manzarek–Krieger, and Circus Diablo)
1971 – Jamie Theakston, English actor and television host
1972 – Gloria De Piero, English journalist and politician
1972 – LaTroy Hawkins, American baseball player
1972 – Dustin Hermanson, American baseball player
1972 – Claudia Poll, Nicaraguan-Costa Rican swimmer
1972 – Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy, Indian journalist and politician
1972 – Erwin Schrott, Uruguayan opera singer
1973 – Irakli Alasania, Georgian colonel and politician, Georgian Minister of Defense
1973 – Mike Alstott, American football player
1973 – Karmen Stavec, German-Slovenian singer
1974 – Karrie Webb, Australian golfer
1975 – Paloma Herrera, Argentinian ballerina
1976 – Mirela Maniani, Albanian-Greek javelin thrower
1976 – Lukas Rossi, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Rock Star Supernova and Daylight Division)
1977 – A. J. Bowen, American actor and producer
1977 – Toby Rand, Australian singer-songwriter (Juke Kartel)
1978 – Emiliano Brembilla, Italian swimmer
1978 – Mike Vitar, American actor
1979 – Steve Montador, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2015)
1979 – Tuva Novotny, Swedish actress, singer, and director
1979 – Kristjan Sarv, Estonian actor
1980 – Michele Di Piedi, Italian footballer
1980 – Royce Ring, American baseball player
1981 – Frankie Abernathy, American purse designer, cast member on The Real World: San Diego (d. 2007)
1981 – Mohammed Jabarah, Kuwaiti terrorist
1981 – Sajid Mahmood, English cricketer
1981 – Sanita Pušpure, Latvian-Irish rower
1981 – Lynda Thomas, Mexican singer-songwriter and producer
1981 – Cristian Zaccardo, Italian footballer
1982 – Primo, Puerto Rican and Canadian wrestler
1982 – Mike Gansey, American basketball player
1982 – Philip Humber, American baseball player
1982 – Iljo Keisse, Belgian cyclist
1982 – Tom Payne, English actor
1983 – Steven Yeun, South Korean-American actor
1984 – Andrea Jeremiah, Indian actress and singer
1984 – Sarah Mutch, Canadian model and actress
1984 – Darren Potter, Irish footballer
1985 – James Stewart, Jr., American motorcycle racer
1985 – Tom Sturridge, English actor
1985 – Kotaro Yanagi, Japanese actor
1986 – Davey Browne, Australian boxer (d. 2015)
1986 – Rachel Shenton, English actress
1987 – Denis Alekseyev, Russian sprinter
1987 – Ryza Cenon, Filipino actress and dancer
1987 – Valerie Concepcion, Filipino actress
1987 – Brad Howard, Australian footballer
1987 – Michael Lohan Jr., American actor
1988 – Yasmin, English-Scottish singer-songwriter and DJ
1988 – Alexa Goddard, English singer
1988 – Perri Shakes-Drayton, English sprinter and hurdler
1989 – Tamannaah, Indian model and actress
1989 – Mark Ingram, Jr., American football player
1990 – Ioannis Fetfatzidis, Greek footballer
1994 – Eva Paalma, Estonian tennis player

December 21- This Day in History

69 – The Roman Senate declares Vespasian as Roman emperor, the last in the Year of the Four Emperors.
1124 – Pope Honorius II is elected.
1140 – Conrad III of Germany besieged Weinsberg.
1237 – The city of Ryazan is sacked by the Mongol army of Batu Khan.
1361 – The Battle of Linuesa is fought in the context of the Spanish Reconquista between the forces of the Emirate of Granada and the combined army of the Kingdom of Castile and of Jaén resulting in a Castilian victory.
1598 – Battle of Curalaba: The revolting Mapuche, led by cacique Pelentaru, inflict a major defeat on Spanish troops in southern Chile.
1620 – Plymouth Colony: William Bradford and the Mayflower Pilgrims land on what is now known as Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
1826 – American settlers in Nacogdoches, Mexican Texas, declare their independence, starting the Fredonian Rebellion.
1832 – Egyptian–Ottoman War: Egyptian forces decisively defeat Ottoman troops at the Battle of Konya.
1844 – The Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers commences business at its cooperative in Rochdale, England, starting the Cooperative movement.
1861 – Medal of Honor: Public Resolution 82, containing a provision for a Navy Medal of Valor, is signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln.
1872 – Challenger expedition: HMS Challenger, commanded by Captain George Nares, sails from Portsmouth, England.
1879 – World première of Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House at the Royal Theatre in Copenhagen, Denmark.
1883 – The Royal Canadian Dragoons and The Royal Canadian Regiment, the first Permanent Force cavalry and infantry regiments of the Canadian Army, are formed: .
1907 – The Chilean Army commits a massacre of at least 2,000 striking saltpeter miners in Iquique, Chile.
1910 – An underground explosion at the Hulton Bank Colliery No. 3 Pit in Over Hulton, Westhoughton, England, kills 344 miners.
1913 – Arthur Wynne's "word-cross", the first crossword puzzle, is published in the New York World.
1919 – American anarchist Emma Goldman is deported to Russia.
1923 – United Kingdom and Nepal formally signed an agreement of friendship, called the Nepal–Britain Treaty of 1923, which superseded the Treaty of Sugauli signed in 1816.
1936 – First flight of the Junkers Ju 88 multi-role combat aircraft.
1937 – Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the world's first full-length animated feature, premieres at the Carthay Circle Theatre.
1941 – World War II: A formal treaty of alliance between Thailand and Japan is signed in the presence of the Emerald Buddha in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand.
1946 – An 8.1 Mw earthquake and subsequent tsunami in Nankaidō, Japan, kills over 1,300 people and destroys over 38,000 homes.
1962 – Rondane National Park is established as Norway's first national park.
1963 – The episode of intercommunal violence called "Bloody Christmas" begins in Cyprus, ultimately resulting in the displacement of 25,000-30,000 Turkish Cypriots and destruction of more than 100 villages.
1967 – Louis Washkansky, the first man to undergo a heart transplant, dies in Cape Town, South Africa, having lived for 18 days after the transplant.
1968 – Apollo program: Apollo 8 is launched from the Kennedy Space Center, placing its crew on a lunar trajectory for the first visit to another celestial body by humans.
1969 – The United Nations adopts the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
1973 – The Geneva Conference on the Arab–Israeli conflict opens.
1979 – Lancaster House Agreement: An independence agreement for Rhodesia is signed in London by Lord Peter Carrington, Sir Ian Gilmour, Robert Mugabe, Joshua Nkomo, Bishop Abel Muzorewa and S.C. Mundawarara.
1988 – A bomb explodes on board Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, killing 270.
1992 – A Dutch DC-10, flight Martinair MP 495, crashes at Faro Airport, killing 56.
1994 – Mexican volcano Popocatépetl, dormant for 47 years, erupts gases and ash.
1995 – The city of Bethlehem passes from Israeli to Palestinian control.
1999 – The Spanish Civil Guard intercepts a van loaded with 950 kg of explosives that ETA intended to use to blow up Torre Picasso in Madrid, Spain.
2004 – Iraq War: A suicide bomber killed 22 at the forward operating base next to the main U.S. military airfield at Mosul, Iraq, the single deadliest suicide attack on American soldiers.

Sunday, December 20, 2015

December 20 Birthdays

1494 – Oronce Finé, French mathematician and cartographer (d. 1555)
1537 – John III of Sweden (d. 1592)
1626 – Veit Ludwig von Seckendorff, German scholar and politician (d. 1692)
1641 – Urban Hjärne, Swedish chemist, geologist, and physician (d. 1724)
1717 – Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes, French politician and diplomat, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (d. 1787)
1740 – Arthur Lee, American physician and diplomat (d. 1792)
1786 – Pietro Raimondi, Italian composer (d. 1853)
1792 – Nicolas Toussaint Charlet, French painter (d. 1845)
1833 – Samuel Mudd, American physician (d. 1883)
1838 – Edwin Abbott Abbott, English theologian, author, and educator (d. 1926)
1841 – Ferdinand Buisson, French academic and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1932)
1860 – Dan Leno, English actor (d. 1904)
1861 – Ferdinand Bonn, German actor (d. 1933)
1861 – Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian painter (d. 1926)
1865 – Elsie de Wolfe, American actress and interior decorator (d. 1950)
1868 – Harvey Samuel Firestone, American businessman, founded the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company (d. 1938)
1869 – Charley Grapewin, American actor and singer (d. 1956)
1873 – Kan'ichi Asakawa, Japanese historian, author, and academic (d. 1948)
1873 – Mehmet Akif Ersoy, Turkish poet, academic, and politician (d. 1936)
1874 – Frederick Steep, Canadian soccer player (d. 1956)
1881 – Branch Rickey, American baseball player and manager (d. 1965)
1886 – Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman, American tennis player (d. 1974)
1888 – Yitzhak Baer, German-Israeli historian and academic (d. 1980)
1888 – Fred Merkle, American baseball player and manager (d. 1958)
1890 – Yvonne Arnaud, French actress and singer (d. 1958)
1890 – Jaroslav Heyrovský, Czech chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1967)
1891 – Erik Almlöf, Swedish triple jumper (d. 1971)
1893 – Piero Campelli, Italian footballer (d. 1946)
1894 – Robert Menzies, Australian lawyer and politician, 12th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1978)
1898 – Konstantinos Dovas, Greek general and politician, 156th Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1973)
1898 – Irene Dunne, American actress and singer (d. 1990)
1901 – Robert J. Van de Graaff, American physicist and academic, invented the Van de Graaff generator (d. 1967)
1902 – Prince George, Duke of Kent (d. 1942)
1902 – Sidney Hook, American philosopher and author (d. 1989)
1904 – Spud Davis, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1984)
1904 – Yevgenia Ginzburg, Russian author (d. 1977)
1905 – Bill O'Reilly, Australian cricketer and sportscaster (d. 1992)
1907 – Paul Francis Webster, American soldier and songwriter (d. 1984)
1908 – Dennis Morgan, American actor and singer (d. 1994)
1909 – Vakkom Majeed, Indian journalist and politician (d. 2000)
1911 – Hortense Calisher, American author (d. 2009)
1914 – Harry F. Byrd, Jr., American lieutenant, publisher, and politician (d. 2013)
1915 – Aziz Nesin, Turkish author and poet (d. 1995)
1916 – Michel Chartrand, Canadian union leader and activist (d. 2010)
1917 – David Bohm, American-English physicist, neuropsychologist, and philosopher (d. 1992)
1917 – Cahit Külebi, Turkish poet and author (d. 1997)
1917 – Audrey Totter, American actress and singer (d. 2013)
1918 – Jean Marchand, Canadian union leader and politician, 43rd Secretary of State for Canada (d. 1988)
1922 – George Roy Hill, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2002)
1922 – Beverly Pepper, American sculptor and painter
1924 – Judy LaMarsh, Canadian soldier, lawyer, and politician, 42nd Secretary of State for Canada (d. 1980)
1925 – Benito Lorenzi, Italian footballer (d. 2007)
1926 – Geoffrey Howe, Welsh lawyer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 2015)
1926 – Otto Graf Lambsdorff, German lawyer and politician, German Federal Minister of Economics (d. 2009)
1927 – Michael Beaumont, 22nd Seigneur of Sark, English engineer
1927 – Charlie Callas, American actor and drummer (d. 2011)
1927 – Kim Young-sam, South Korean soldier and politician, 7th President of South Korea (d. 2015)
1931 – Ike Skelton, American lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
1931 – Mala Powers, American actress (d. 2007)
1931 – Terry Sanders, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1932 – Leslie Adams, American composer and educator
1932 – John Hillerman, American actor
1933 – Jean Carnahan, American author and politician
1933 – Olavi Salonen, Finnish runner
1933 – Rik Van Looy, Belgian cyclist
1935 – Khalid Ibadulla, Pakistani cricketer and sportscaster
1935 – William Julius Wilson, American sociologist and academic
1937 – Charles Denton, English businessman
1938 – John Harbison, American composer and academic
1939 – Tony Bentley, English footballer
1939 – Kathryn Joosten, American actress (d. 2012)
1940 – Pat Chapman, English chef and author, founded The Curry Club
1941 – Tommy Cole, American actor, singer, and makeup artist
1942 – Rana Bhagwandas, Pakistani lawyer and judge, Chief Justice of Pakistan (d. 2015)
1942 – Bob Hayes, American sprinter and football player (d. 2002)
1942 – Jean-Claude Trichet, French banker and economist
1944 – Bobby Colomby, American drummer and producer (Blood, Sweat & Tears)
1944 – Jimmie F. Skaggs, American actor (d. 2004)
1945 – Peter Criss, American singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer (Kiss, Wicked Lester, and Chelsea)
1945 – Sivakant Tiwari, Indian-Singaporean lawyer and author (d. 2010)
1946 – Uri Geller, Israeli-English magician and psychic
1946 – Lesley Judd, English dancer and television host
1946 – Lloyd Mumphord, American football player
1946 – Sonny Perdue, American captain and politician, 81st Governor of Georgia
1946 – John Spencer, American actor (d. 2005)
1946 – Dick Wolf, American director, producer, and screenwriter, created Law & Order franchise
1947 – Roger Alton, English journalist
1947 – Gigliola Cinquetti, Italian singer-songwriter
1947 – Bo Ryan, American basketball player and coach
1948 – Alan Parsons, English keyboard player and producer (The Alan Parsons Project)
1948 – Carol Smart, English sociologist and academic
1948 – Mitsuko Uchida, Japanese-English pianist
1948 – Stevie Wright, English-Australian singer-songwriter (The Easybeats)
1949 – Soumaïla Cissé, Malian engineer and politician
1949 – Cecil Cooper, American baseball player and manager
1949 – Oscar Gamble, American baseball player
1949 – Leigh Hamilton, New Zealand-American actress (d. 2012)
1950 – Geoffrey Grimmett, English mathematician and academic
1950 – Arturo Márquez, Mexican-American composer
1951 – Lynne Featherstone, English blogger and politician
1951 – Christopher Le Brun, English painter and sculptor
1951 – Peter May, Scottish author and screenwriter
1951 – Nuala O'Loan, Baroness O'Loan, Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland (1999-2007)
1951 – Marta Russell, American author and activist (d. 2013)
1951 – Joey Silvera, American porn actor and director
1952 – Jenny Agutter, English actress
1952 – Sky Gilbert, Canadian drag queen performer, actor, and author
1954 – Michael Badalucco, American actor and producer
1954 – Sandra Cisneros, American author and poet
1955 – David Breashears, American mountaineer, director, and producer
1955 – Ed Kuepper, German-Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Saints, Laughing Clowns, and The Apartments)
1955 – Rory Markas, American sportscaster (d. 2010)
1955 – Binali Yıldırım, Turkish politician
1956 – Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, Mauritanian general and politician, President of Mauritania
1956 – Guy Babylon, American keyboard player and songwriter (d. 2009)
1956 – Blanche Baker, American actress and screenwriter
1956 – Andrew Mackenzie, Scottish businessman
1957 – Stephen Bicknell, English organ builder (d. 2007)
1957 – Billy Bragg, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
1957 – Anna Vissi, Cypriot singer-songwriter and actress (Epikouri)
1957 – Anita Ward, American singer
1957 – Mike Watt, American singer-songwriter and bass player (Banyan, Minutemen, Dos, The Stooges, and Firehose)
1958 – Doug Nordquist, American high jumper
1958 – James Thomson, American biologist and academic
1959 – Simon Hughes, English cricketer and journalist
1959 – Hildegard Körner, German runner
1959 – Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz, Polish physicist and politician, 12th Prime Minister of Poland
1959 – Trent Tucker, American basketball player and sportscaster
1960 – Nalo Hopkinson, Jamaican-Canadian author
1960 – Kim Ki-duk, South Korean director, producer, and screenwriter
1961 – Mohammad Fouad, Egyptian singer-songwriter and actor
1961 – Mike Keneally, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Dethklok)
1961 – Freddie Spencer, American motorcycle racer
1963 – Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo
1963 – Joel Gretsch, American actor
1963 – Iqbal Theba, Pakistani-American actor
1964 – Mark Coleman, American mixed martial artist and wrestler
1965 – Robert Cavanah, Scottish actor and director
1965 – Rich Gannon, American football player and sportscaster
1966 – Matt Neal, English race car driver
1966 – Veronica Pershina, Russian-American figure skater and coach
1966 – Chris Robinson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Black Crowes, Chris Robinson Brotherhood)
1968 – Joe Cornish, English actor, director, and screenwriter
1968 – Karl Wendlinger, Austrian race car driver
1969 – Alain de Botton, Swiss-English philosopher and author
1969 – Brian O'Halloran, American actor
1969 – Zahra Ouaziz, Moroccan runner
1969 – Bobby Phills, American basketball player (d. 2000)
1970 – Nicole de Boer, Canadian actress
1970 – Grant Flower, Zimbabwean cricketer and coach
1970 – Alister McRae, Scottish race car driver
1970 – Jörg Schmidt, German footballer
1971 – Roger J. Beaujard, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Mortician and Malignancy)
1972 – Anders Odden, Norwegian guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Cadaver, Magenta, Satyricon and Doctor Midnight & The Mercy Cult)
1972 – Anja Rücker, German sprinter
1973 – Maarja Kangro, Estonian author and poet
1973 – David Nedohin, Canadian curler and sportscaster
1973 – Cory Stillman, Canadian ice hockey player
1974 – Die, Japanese guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Dir En Grey)
1974 – Paul Linger, English footballer
1975 – Bartosz Bosacki, Polish footballer
1975 – Jaydy Michel, Mexican model and actress
1976 – Aubrey Huff, American baseball player and radio host
1976 – Jang Hyuk, South Korean actor
1976 – Adam Powell, Welsh game designer and businessman, co-founded Meteor Games
1976 – Ramon Stoppelenburg, Dutch businessman and author
1976 – Nenad Vučković, Croatian footballer
1978 – Andrei Markov, Russian-Canadian ice hockey player
1978 – Geremi Njitap, Cameroon footballer
1978 – Bouabdellah Tahri, French runner
1979 – David DeJesus, American baseball player
1979 – George Lamb, English radio and television host
1979 – Michael Rogers, Australian cyclist
1979 – Ramón Rodríguez, Puerto Rican-American actor
1979 – Benedikte Kruse, Norwegian singer and actor (Pitsj)
1980 – Israel Castro, Mexican footballer
1980 – Ashley Cole, English footballer
1980 – Anthony da Silva, French-Portuguese footballer
1980 – Martín Demichelis, Argentinian footballer
1980 – Fitz Hall, English footballer
1981 – Royal Ivey, American basketball player
1981 – Darya Pchelnik, Belarusian hammer thrower
1981 – James Shields, American baseball player
1981 – Roy Williams, American football player
1982 – Keny Arkana, French rapper
1982 – Mohammad Asif, Pakistani cricketer
1982 – David Cook, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Axium and Midwest Kings)
1982 – Kasper Klausen, Danish footballer
1982 – David Wright, American baseball player
1983 – Jonah Hill, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
1983 – Chelsea Johnson, American pole vaulter
1983 – Lucy Pinder, English model and actress
1983 – Darren Sammy, Saint Lucian cricketer
1983 – Lara Stone, Dutch model
1983 – Adrián Varela, Mexican singer
1984 – Nikolaos Karabelas, Greek footballer
1984 – Bobby Morley, Australian actor and singer
1984 – David Tavaré, Spanish singer and DJ
1985 – Jillian Grace, American model
1985 – Gilbert Kirwa, Kenyan runner
1986 – Benjamin Brierley, English-German rugby player
1986 – Anoop Desai, American singer-songwriter
1987 – Yutaka Otsuka, Japanese baseball player
1987 – Tariel Zintiridis, Greek martial artist
1988 – Andrés Bottiglieri, Italian–Argentinian footballer
1989 – Allan Hyde, Danish actor, singer, and screenwriter
1990 – JoJo, American singer-songwriter and actress
1990 – Filipp Breytveyt, Russian footballer
1991 – Hunter Gomez, American actor and producer
1991 – Fabian Schär, Swiss footballer, FC Basel
1992 – Ksenia Makarova, Russian-American figure skater
1994 – Jacko Gill, New Zealand shot putter
1994 – Nazriya Nazim, Indian actress
1998 – Ivett Tóth, Hungarian figure skater